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Describe law and order in the 19th century

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Describe law and order in the 19th century In this essay I will be discussing what law and order was seen as in Victorian London. I will be discussing the corruption throughout law and order in the country, how crimes led to the formation of the Metropolitan police and a new prison system. The industrial revolution was the reason why crimes, population, money and valuable goods had increased. If you were poor, there was a lot of money and valuable goods to be taken for grabs. The invention new crimes had become to show such as; street gambling, pick pocketing and murder. The gradual increase of crime was outstanding. It had increased from 5000 in 1800 till 20000 in 1840. This shows that many people disobeyed the rules and regulations and that something was missing in protection of society. With all factories goods coming into the UK there was more valuable items to steal especially with a large increase of poverty. There was huge numbers of unemployment due to machinery being more reliable and efficient than humans. This then made a new consequence; it led to more poverty and more people desperate for money. This shows that this may be one of the reasons why crimes increased. As unemployment was increasing, immigrants were coming to Britain also leading to a huge increase in the population and also an increase in crime. ...read more.


This was a large improvement as they were scattered which increased the speed they worked in. However, they lack central communication with London so criminals could leave and enter London without being bothered. Detectives were introduced into policing. They merged with the public by wearing plain clothes. In the 1880's policemen had little training and spent little time on enforcement duties. This shows that the police were useless and inefficient. Policemen didn't have enough training to take care of bigger-major crimes such as murders. This was an advantage for anyone who wanted to mock the police or who just wanted to kill. Police had a terrible reputation as they abused their power by being ridiculously violent. This lead to many things such as; lack of help by the public and vital information witnesses had to give. Many of the public were scared to even approach them. They had 14 exhausting long hours 7 days a week without shifts! This was very stressing and tiring which led to many problems such as dealing with crime properly. They were focusing on meaningless things such as making an impression with the way they were dressed instead of fighting crime. People who lived in these societies stated that they only helped the upper, middle class. ...read more.


The adults had bad influences on the children rather then good. This then led to reformatory schools being set up in 1854 for children under the age of 16. Years later, there were some new prison designs introduced in the 19th century. One of these ideas were to separate system, where prisoners were isolated hoping that they would psychologically break down and create a positive attitude. This was condemned as some prisoners began to become crazy and some began to have suicidal thoughts about the mental torture they were facing. In my opinion I think that law and order in the early 19th century began pitiful. There was no such thing as protecting the streets. The only major duty there was were hygiene checkers that knocked on doors to see if everything was okay. However throughout the years of the 19th centuries things began to improve as boroughs noticed large increases of crimes and negativity. This was much better then before as before everything was much more disorganised and unsettled. As time went on new rules began to show upon the people. The industrial revolution provoked the poor to steal and kill however this was then dealt with by the set up of the Metropolitan police which did have a huge impact on the crimes. The Metropolitan police finally covered all boroughs and this meant that they could aid and decrease crimes all over different areas in London. ?? ?? ?? ?? Arya Mohit 11CJ ...read more.

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