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Describe the system of trial by jury within the English legal system

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Describe Jury Trials within the English Legal System Trial by Jury Juries are used in Crown Courts. The role of the jury is to listen to the evidence and decide whether the defendant is guilty or not. During the trial juror can make notes and ask for copies of any photographs of any document evidence, the judge decides any necessary points of the law, at the end of the trial the judge explains legal matters to the juror so they can make there verdict, if a juror want to ask any questions he can write them down, an court official hand the question to the judge. The trial must start with 12 jurors but the trial can take a long period of time and one of them could die or become ill. If the number can not fall below 9 jurors. Jurors A jury is a panel of 12 people who don't need to know the legal system but when they are sent a jury summons, they must then attend the jury unless they have an excuse or genuine reason to not attend. When a jury have heard the defendant has pleaded that he or she is not guilty then the jury is selected and sworn in and a full trial takes place. ...read more.


You are not qualified if you have ever been at any time within the last 10 years, a prison custody officer, a public notary, a legal executive employed by a solicitors practice, a barrister, a barrister's clerk or assistant, someone employed in a forensic science laboratory, an authorised advocate, or authorised litigator, a court security officer, a solicitor or articled clerk, a legal executive employed by solicitors, a member of the staff of the Director of Public Prosecutions, an officer employed under the Lord Chancellor and concerned with the day to day administration of the legal system, an officer or member of staff, of any court whose work is concerned with the day to day, a coroner, deputy clerk or assistant, one of the active elder brethren of the corporation of trinity house of Deptford strond, a shorthand writer, a court security officer, a governor, Chaplin, medical officer or other officer of a penal establishment, a member of the board of visitors of a penal establishment, the warden, or a member of the staff , of a probation home, probation hotel, or bail hostel, a probation officer or someone appointed to help them, a member of a parole board, or a local review committee, a member of a any police force (this includes a person on central service, a special constable, or anyone with power and privileges ...read more.


not guilty, if the defendant plea not guilty the juror who are not if another case will come to the court room, the clerk at the court will read out there names of the jurors if there are more than 12 juror they chose 12 from how ever many there are this is a part of the selection process that is done on public in the court room. Challenging Jurors Anyone of the 12 jurors once entered the jury box can be challenged by the defence or prosecution, they can only challenge them if there is a reason if a juror is disqualified or if they know the defendant. They can challenge the whole of jury if they have not been selected properly selected, this is a rare occurrence. They have the right to put a juror on the stand so they are put to the end of the availability list of jurors, if there isn't enough jurors they have power to pick someone off the streets to be a juror or someone from an office if they are qualified this is called a tales man. This is unusual to do this but this was used when half of the jurors didn't show in London in the Middlesex Crown Court in January 1992. ?? ?? ?? ?? David Singh - 10 VJC - Law Coursework Page 1 ...read more.

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