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Petrol excise should not be excluded

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Good evening ladies and gentlemen, as the second speaker for the negative team I will be talking to you tonight about the ramifications already faced by our nation economically, socially and environmentally and how increasing the foreign aid budget will be costing us, thus proving disadvantageous to everyone in the long run. However, before I continue, I would like to defend our team's case by stating some flaws in the opposition's argument. Rebuttal Now, to continue with our justification. Australia now lives in a time of upheaval in global power, in the nature of threat, and in the rules of the international system. However, the feature of the 21st century is that opportunities have not been as great. The paradox of our times is the rise of a technology-driven globalisation simultaneously with a trans-regional jihad that denies the democracy and diversity of the modern state. This situation demands from Australians that they think harder about their role in their own country. Are we simply Europeans ship-wrecked on the wrong side of earth in a bizarre historical mishap, or are we able to construct a national meaning for ourselves and make a worthwhile contribution to first see ourselves through as a nation without poverty, unemployment or any ecological issues as such? We are not required to increase the foreign aid budget at this moment in time when our own country is in need of aid - to the dismay of many, Australia still has faults to be reckoned with. In dollar terms, the Australian foreign aid budget has increased during the last decade or so in response to the Asian economic crisis and also in response to certain unforeseen disasters, not least the tsunami in Papua New Guinea. And yet we find ourselves asking 'is it a reasonable amount?' I mean, it's one of those endless arguments about aid. What is a reasonable amount? ...read more.


Australia has its own internal problems with poverty and other social ills. Yes, many people are better off than before, but there is still a great deal of poverty and deprivation as bad as in Africa even in Australia. So how can we even contemplate increasing the foreign aid budget now, heck, we should be thinking about introducing a nation aid budget. We should pay attention to these problems before its too late. Increasing the foreign aid budget is not the answer - not for the other countries and definitely not for us. The UN needs to have a summit on how to better the assistance offered to developing nations. By far the best solution to the problem of eliminating poverty is surely quality education delivered by qualified well-paid professionals. Of course, why would we attempt that anywhere else when our own country doesn't even believe in that sort of approach with its own citizens? 'If you give a man a fish you feed him for a day. If you teach him how to fish you feed him for a lifetime.' Our Federal Government mouths the rhetoric of a knowledge economy, but won't spend the money to back this up. In the last federal budget, presented by Treasurer Peter Costello as an investment in the future, education and skills were again neglected. Also, according to the latest OECD report on education, Australia's expenditure on pre-primary school education is the lowest of all developed countries.Australia spends 0.1 per cent of GDP on preschool education for children aged three and over compared with an OECD average of 0.5 per cent. Youth unemployment between the ages of 16 to 24 runs at 26 percent and is even higher in local suburbs. Statistics say that Australia's unemployment is at 8.6 per cent, or just fewer than one million people. If we disregard that one-hour's work a week classifies a person as employed, then the figure is really between 1.5 million and l.9 million unemployed. ...read more.


No matter how much we contribute to anything, there will always be a percentage (small, large, or all) that will go towards corruption. I do believe that aid does some good in Africa as a whole, but if you get lots of little pockets of corruption, it can add up to counterproductivity of the main goal, which is to end poverty. SECOND SPEAKER Overview It is the job of the second speaker to present the bulk of the argument and to rebut the opposition. Second Affirmative & Negative What the second speaker should do: * Defend the definition (if neccesary) - If there are still issues with the definition, the second speaker must defend their team's defintion. Remember, you are trying to prove that your definition is the most reasonable. For more informtion, click here. * Rebut - Second Affirmative: The second affirmative should clearly identify the major areas of disagreement in their rebuttal, then attack the specific points of the first affirmative. Second Negative: The second negative should argue against the main points of the affirmative team, then attack the arguments of second affirmative. The second negative rebuttal should make up a third of their speech. 1. Normative topics often require a 'model'. A model is a specific proposal, usually to be implemented by an organisation (eg, the Government, the church, the UN, the international community) that provides more detail about the issue to be debated. Thus, in a debate about the republic, it is necessary to introduce a model of what sort of republic is being supported. A negative team should present a counter-model, although often that will just involve supporting the status quo. For example, the affirmative in a drug law reform debate might propose that, to address drug-related problems, marijuana be decriminalised. The negative can just support the current system and say they support the current emphasis on policing. Models are useful because they clarify the issue of the debate. Essentially, they are just an extension of the definition. ...read more.

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