• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Law
  • Word count: 4811

Why was an allowance system introduced in Staffordshire in 1811?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 1 Why was an allowance system introduced in Staffordshire in 1811? From looking at source A, I have found no direct reason why this system was introduced in Staffordshire. However there must have been a large number of paupers for a meeting of JP's to be held. This might have been the case because of a population explosion. This will have lead to a high rate of unemployment, along with changes in working methods came machines, which took the place of a manual worker. This will have made it extremely hard for paupers to find work. Without work the breadwinner of the family would not be bringing a wage into the house. If the breadwinner died then his family would lose its major income, leaving them with no option but to ask the parish for relief. Another case would have been a period of "slack" trade. This would have mean that the family would go trough a period of having very little money if any at all coming in. If these periods lasted for a long time and the breadwinner was out of work or doing casual work then the paupers would become more and more poor, and depending on relief from the parish more and more. Even in good times of trade the paupers wages were barely enough to support his family. In these good times of trade casual workers were employed, to either work part time or for a short spell maybe until the spell of good trade ended. When these good spells of trade ended and the casual workers were surplus to requirements they were sacked. So the paupers and their families didn't have a steady regular wage coming into their homes. Not all cases were out of the pauper's control. For example drinking, many paupers drunk alcohol because of the poor water supply, but they would become hooked and they would waste a large amount of their wages on alcohol. ...read more.

Middle

He may be doing this deliberately to make the workhouse sound worse than what it really is. Another reason why this source might have been biased is because James Neild was rich and he was trying to change the way in which the rich viewed the paupers and workhouses. To do this James Neild may have had to exaggerate on some of the down sides of the workhouse. With James Neild being rich he had probably never seen such conditions before, and he might have assessed them and made them sound much worse than what they actually were. These problems make this source biased, because Neild was trying to exaggerate the truth to make the conditions change. Source F is a description of a workhouse in Tamworth, written by a poor law commissioner in 1832. The commissioner was sent out deliberately to pick up on any faults that the workhouse had, he didn't find many. Instead he found the workhouse to be excellent and commodious, in a dry healthy environment. He reported this back to his over commissioners. This assistant was deliberately sent out to find faults, and not finding any makes him extremely fair and unbiased, because he found, and reported back the opposite of what he was sent to find I believe that source F is more reliable than source E, because the Poor Law commissioner knew what he was looking for and he was probably used to seeing such conditions. This commissioner was also very, because he reported back the opposite to what he was deliberately sent to find. Question 6 How far do you agree with Christopher Hill's view on the old poor law? Source G is a secondary source, because it was written in 1975. The source says that the Speenhamland system was in operation over most of England. Hill also says that the old poor law was inefficient, demoralizing to the poor and costly to the ratepayers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source P by Charles Dickens , who lived through the time of the New Poor Law in Londen, the other by a modern day historian looking back on the New Poor Law. Source P was a video of the book "Oliver Twist". This showed an orphan who lived in a workhouse. This orphan named Oliver Twist did hard labour, his job was to grind corn. Oliver was fed on gruel along with the other inmates, whilst the fat cat guardians feasted on a roast. Oliver ended up becoming so hungry that he asked for more. The guardians punished Oliver and sold him on. Oliver then ran away , and joined a den of thieves in Londen. Oliver then turned to street crime for a living. By writing "Oliver Twist" Charles Dickens was trying to show that theNew Poor Law was inneficiant, and children would rather run away than stay in a workhouse. The miss treatment of children in workhouses angered Charles Dickens, and in writing "Oliver Twist he was trying to get workhouses changed. Source Q on the other hand says that the New Poor Law reduced the rates. Maybe by disgarding outdoor relief, and reducing the number of paupers in workhouses, despite a twenty five percent increase in population. Source Q also says that the New Poor Law restored paupers self belief, by encouraging paupers to work hard, to avoid having to go into a workhouse. Although the New Poor Law made progress, it did so at a great cost. At the cost of misery to thousands of poor people. Source Q also talks about how harsh places workhouses were, and how harshly administrated they were. Source Q is not biased because it discusses the good points and the bad points of the New Poor Law. Whereas source P only shows the bad points of the New Poor Law and Charles Dickens' hate for workhouse and imperticular the new Poor law. Source P is very exaggerated, this might be due to the fact that Charles Dickens was trying to cell it as a book ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Metafiktion er betegnelsen for den type af sknlitteratur, film og drama, som gr opmrksom ...

    Historie I er den yderste og overordnede ramme. Karen Blixen har valgt at s�tte en fort�ller ind til at g�re l�seren opm�rksom p�, at denne historie er fortalt til nogle andre f�r os. Det bliver her indirekte sagt, at det hele blot er fiktion - for man tager ikke del i de f�lgende historier, da de allerede er blevet fortalt og har f�et liv.

  2. What were the principles underlying the Poor Law Amendment Act and how far did ...

    The workhouse was made to be very self-supporting, with cows, pigs, a mill house and bakery. The workhouse also had refractory wards where the occupants were placed if they misbehaved. These would have added to the grim way of life in the workhouse.

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    The word bodily may need elaboration. Bodily � A person's state of mind. E.g. fear, distress, panic is not capable of being injured. However, ABH may include psychological damage supported by medical evidence. R v Cox 1998 - They broke up a relationship.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    or for better security, any person not already liable on the bill, may accept the bill for the honor, of any party thereto (Sec.108). This is called Acceptance for Honor. Rules regarding Acceptance for Honor 1. Consent: Consent of the holder is necessary before a bill' can be accepted for honor.

  1. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    find a place for it within the "family of Christian error," to present it as an erroneous faith that Christians could see only as a perversion of their own truth. In particular, Islam's denial of Christ's divinity was considered the most blasphemous part of its heretical falsehood.

  2. The Gun - It was just after eleven p.m. at the London Golf and ...

    and he was looking very jaded, as he had got no sleep last night. At around eleven a.m. Gary was visited by police in his office who notified him that a body had been found near to the course boundary by a man walking his dog.

  1. “The case of Caldwell is unduly harsh in its effects, but has increasingly become ...

    Court of Appeal quashed the conviction with Lord Lane firstly looking at the recommendations of the Law Commission: ...a person is reckless if, a) knowing that there is a risk that an event may result from his conduct or that a circumstance may exist, he takes that risk, and b)

  2. Changes at Gressenhall workhouse 1800-1900

    The roundsman system was another method of assistance. In this system unemployed labourers had to go round farms asking for job before they could receive poor relief. In the northern Industrial towns periodic slumps occurred and the parishes preferred outdoor relief, because there was no reason to put people in workhouses as later there would be plenty of work.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work