• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Comparison of Bach's Sarabande (Partita Number 4) and a Mozart Piano Sonata (K.333)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bach's Sarabande and Mozart's sonata could be said to be typical of the period they represent. To what extent do you agree with this observation? Johann Sebastian Bach and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, two of the most profound and influential composers to date, can be seen to exemplify the many periodic styles and trends within their compositions, in addition to imprinting equally distinctive personal styles into their works. This is well illustrated in two pieces, Bach's Sarabande from Partita Number 4, BWV 828 (part of 'Clavier-�bung') and the first movement from Mozart's Piano Sonata in Bb, K.333 (part of the 'Paris set'). These not only represent a multitude of distinctive periodic features, but also hold an unidentifiable something which immediately associates the work to the composer. It could be said that the pieces are not only typical of their respective periods, but also typical of their respective composers, an idea which will be explored further in this essay. Clavier-�bung, one of J.S.Bach's most monumental works, is a series comprised of four main parts: six partitas, a French overture and an Italian concerto, the Goldberg Variations and finally an organ mass. Clavier-�bung is possibly the epitome of Bach's writing at that time; virtuosic, melodic, stylistic and full of character. ...read more.

Middle

and fuse it with something then seen as more experimental (homophony). Thematically, there is a quite obvious 'theme' (albeit very short) which consists of two demisemiquavers and a dotted quaver, all descending a tone at a time. This is then manipulated quite extensively by inversion, intervallic augmentation, repetition and sequential repetition. This was known as 'fortspinnung', translated from German as 'the spinning out of an idea', again very common of the period the piece originated in, although less so in the Classical period. A more common practice of the Classical period was the use of clearly defined themes, which were then manipulated generally by modulation, although sometimes by intervallic modification. However, despite these changes, these were always recognisable as the theme. Another aspect typical of the Classical period, as seen in this piano sonata, are certain bass figurations such as the arpeggically figured block chords, and even the almost clich� Alberti bass. Another rather stylistic feature of J.S.Bach which can be seen in this Sarabande is his frequent use of suspensions. These are seen on the second beat of the piece (a 7-6 suspension) as well as at the end of the A section. These are seen in abundance throughout many of his other works. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, considering that Bach strove for a continuous uninterrupted melody line, and that rubato is a predominantly romantic concept, the pauses and rubato in this seem out of place. Although not as profound a problem as in the Baroque period, the problem of not notating everything still persisted in the Classical period, although not so much concerning ornamentation. Often things omitted from the written score tended to be things such as dynamics and pedalling amongst other things. However in my opinion, in these cases it is much easier to accurately guess what the composer intended, by listening and following the melodic shape and phrasing. In conclusion, through the analysis of the multitude of features within each piece, it is easy to identify the periods they come from, thus making them excellent examples of the periodic styles of composition. Especially in the case of J.S.Bach's sarabande, the achievement of managing to create a typically Baroque piece whilst incorporating a personal style and forward thinking compositional trends is a feat unto itself. With regard to the Mozart Piano Sonata, to have created a set of works which are famously known almost 300 years later is proof of their success. The two pieces, both intricate and well written, frequently re-recorded and re-interpreted, stand to show the insurmountably high standards which both composers set in their works and justify why both composers enjoy such popularity so long after their time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Music essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The 2 areas of study I chose to focus on in my piece were: ...

    at one point and possibly changing form scalic to chromatic every so often. The area of study 'Structure and Form' was key in my piece and was always being thought of when composing the piece. The piece is successful in relation to this as it is written in themes and

  2. Using the example of Mods, How did different subcultures distinguish themselves in Britain during ...

    Headlines such as "they are hell-bent for destruction" were created as well as feature articles which suggested that the Mods and Rockers had intentionally set out to cause serious trouble. Prior to the reporting, there was no major rivalry or hatred between the Mods and Rockers.

  1. Ludwig van Beethoven, his life story and music from the Bonn peroid.

    as having 'considerably improved'. It was probably a living composer whose challenge Beethoven was finding more dispiriting. In 1795-6 he had reacted to the brilliant symphonies that Haydn had brought back from London by attempting to write a symphony of his own in C major, but although he worked at it vigorously it remained unfinished and was abandoned.

  2. Music Appraisal - Classical Waltzes

    to establish the waltz sound of a intense but pollyannaish dance, quite unlike Chopin's fast flowing waltz or Brahms' deep textured waltz. Phrasing is highly used in this waltz sustaining the airy and cloud type feeling Satie aims to achieve.

  1. The history of Music

    prominent part in the urbanisation of the blues, was here often relegated to an accompanying role - listen to Charles Brown records for example and you'll hear virtually all the solos played by Brown at the piano. This is not always the case of course, some of the greatest "jump

  2. Hydens Trumpet Concerto and Aranjez Analysis

    The development restates the theme with a canonic flute playing the theme in a canon to the trumpet part. In bar 142 it plays the melody in F major and doesn't change key until bar 185 where the Bb accidental disappears.

  1. Jazz final: Duke Ellington

    attention to the band itself, however Ellington used the name to his advantage allowing himself to be able to take more liberties with his music and creativity in composition. Jungle music was deemed a primitive, more African influenced style of music utilizing uncommon and dissonant sounds that had not previously been used before.

  2. Comparing and Contrasting the life and works of Bach and Mozart

    2 in F major? by Bach. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johann Sebastian Bach both shared a musical upbringing, where they were taught to play, write, and read music from a very early age. Mozart was the son of a talented musician. His father Leopold was the son of a book binder, and played the organ, violin,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work