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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Music
  • Word count: 1349

Public Speaking - Part 2

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Introduction

Public Speaking and Communication 1. Public speaking is an 'audience-centred' activity, which means: Suggested answers: ~ keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of speech preparation and presentation, starting from the selection of topic, focusing the topic area, deciding on the general/specific purpose and thesis statement, organising main & supporting ideas to the use of presentational aids, language, gestures (verbal/nonverbal cues) while delivering the speech 2. Good speakers are audience-centred because: Suggested answers: ~ good speakers know the main purpose of public speaking is to gain a desired response from listeners, remain true to oneself while adapting the message to the needs of a particular audience ~ they keep the following questions in mind while working on their speeches: a. to whom am I speaking? b. What do I want them to know, believe or do as a result of my speech? c. What is the most effective way of composing and presenting my speech to accomplish that aim? 3. Some variables of a) demographic, b) situational c) psychographic audience analysis: Suggested answers: a. Demographic Audience Analysis: age, gender, racial/ethnic/cultural background, education, religion, economic status, group membership (e.g. social/recreational/ sport clubs, political parties). b. Situational Audience Analysis: types of audiences (voluntary-assemble out of free will, captive-compelled to attend), size of the audience, occasion, physical setting, time, disposition toward the topic, speaker, & occasion (e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Could you hear me clearly at the back? Wave your hand if you could. ~ direct 3. Questions to avoid asking the audience: - embarrassing questions like 'Have you ever cheated in an exam and were caught red-handed?' - questions irrelevant, unrelated to the topic - questions on trivial matters or issues 4. Advantages of using quotation to begin or end a speech: To begin with a quotation: - to arouse audience's interest, focus their attention and set their frame of mind to the central theme, get them to think about the intended message To end with a quotation: - to stress the urgency of the topic, reinforce the thesis, sum up or crystallize the central theme, create a deeper impact of the subject matter into the audience's minds 5. General guidelines in using attention-getting strategies: - be sincere, enthusiastic; energize the audience with your passion embedded in your message - strategies must be relevant to the topic, direct audience's attention to your message or main ideas, not on the strategies itself e.g. jokes, visual aids etc. They should remember your message not your jokes! - don't overuse any of the strategies or heavily rely on a few; have varieties but select only those that are appropriate and could be incorporated into the speech seamlessly - practice makes perfect! ...read more.

Conclusion

Visual brainstorming (or mindmapping) to generate more specific topics and related subtopics. A sample of visual brainstorming on 'music' 4. Identifying five possible topics and narrowing the focus of each topic. 5. Giving the topic a title. Sample answer: Topic Area : Music Topic : Beethoven's symphonies General Purpose : To inform Specific Purpose : To inform the audience of the themes of Beethoven's symphonies Thesis statement : Despite his deafness, Beethoven wrote powerful and inspiring symphonies on heroism (Symphony No.3), fate & destiny (symphony No.5) and the beauty of nature (Symphony No.6). Title : The Deaf Musician - Beethoven; The Music Genius Who Couldn't Hear - Beethoven 6. Impromptu Speech: My topic. Sample answer: I plan to talk about music because I love music, especially classical music. I chose this topic because I would like to share what I know about classical music, specifically Beethoven's symphonies with my friends and show them that everyone can enjoy classical music. I plan to talk about the themes of Beethoven's symphonies, which are heroism (Symphony No.3), fate & destiny (symphony No.5) and the beauty of nature (Symphony No.6). At the end of my speech, I hope that my friends will know more about Beethoven's music, discover the beauty of classical music and develop their interest in this kind of music. 1 2 ...read more.

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