• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Serialism and Minimalism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Area of Study 2 Changing directions in western classical music from 1900 Introduction * Since the Baroque period, harmony had been progressing and became more and more complex * In the late Romantic period, composers such as Wagner, Bruckner and Strauss used more chromatic notes and dissonant chords Impressionism * In France, composers such as Debussy were part of a new way of thinking called impressionism * This word first applied to a school of French painting * It's chief representative was Claude Monet * Impressionism tried to either give a glimpse/impression of something- not a concrete view * Impressionism didn't seek to express deeply felt emotions, but it evoked a mood/atmosphere * The tonality was ...read more.

Middle

* Expressionist music avoided cadence, repetition, sequence and balanced phrases * It had constantly changing textures, extremes of dynamics and used harmonic and melodic distortion and dissonance for effect Serialism * In the 1920s, Arnold Sch�enberg made up a completely different way of composing called serialism * There are 3 main composers of serialism: o Arnold Sch�enberg o Alban Berg o Anton Webern * Sch�enberg treated all 12 notes of the chromatic scale as equal to each other * The basis of each composition is a row/series consisting of the 12 tones of the octave in an order which the composer chooses * The tones of the series may be used successively (a melody) ...read more.

Conclusion

in any octave- this is part of the effect Minimalism * Minimalism became popular in the USA in the 1960s (after the experimental movement) * It started out as a reaction against serialism * Many minimalist composers wrote in the serialist style. However, they find that this method of composing didn't allow them to express themselves * There are 3 main principles of minimalism o Drone- a sustained sound o Phasing- when 2 or more versions of a sound or musical motif are playing simultaneously but slightly out of synchronisation o Repetition- the restatement of a section * The main composers of minimalism are: o Steve Reich o Philip Glass o Terry Riley o La Monte Young ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a very concise but accurate description of 3 musical styles. The writer could have gone into more detail especially in the minimalism section. The writer uses musical vocabulary accurately and confidently.

Marked by teacher Nathan Smith 08/01/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Music essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Mozart's Symphony No. 40 in G Minor Section B

    4 star(s)

    Mozart originally scored the work without the recently invented clarinets, although he later wrote another version which included two clarinets. Another interesting fact is that Mozart is modest in the instrumentation that he uses in his work, which only requires seven woodwind players (one flute, two oboes, two clarinets and two bassoon)

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Music Composition Brief 2

    4 star(s)

    This gives: FADC, FGAB, FGAB, FGDC etc. in the first violin. The crotchets in the second violin part change in relation to the first violin, though the notes change every two bars: [CD CC] [CC CD] [CC CC] [CC CC] etc. I decided to do this so that each note would have decreased in pitch to the

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The 2 areas of study I chose to focus on in my piece were: ...

    The texture was mostly homophonic - Flute melody, piano accompaniment but this varied throughout the piece. From bar 1 upto bar 16 only the piano is playing, creating a light texture comprised of only broken chords. Whereas at bar 17 the texture is much thicker, the piano is playing block

  2. Music Composition Brief 1

    I decided to do this so that this section was different enough from the first A section, but also allowed the main theme to still be recognised. The violin melody also included accidentals in bar 36, whereas in the first A section, accidentals were only present in the piano section.

  1. Claude Debussy - biography and analysis of Golliwogs Cake Walk

    Debussy was regarded as somewhat unconventional, always questioning the boundaries of the musical traditions, though his usage of the piano in particular was revolutionary. His music seemed to avoid the percussive tendencies of the piano, instead he wove strands together creating flowing waves and delicate flourishes.

  2. History of Video Game Music

    This was because it was now often being used to hint that some critical element had just happened, was happening or was going to happen, such as that a large enemy was about to appear or that some special power-up was about to end.

  1. Rock And Roll - analysis of the different styles of Rock.

    In the United Kingdom and the United States, the sub-genre only began to develop in the mid-1960s and by the 1970s; Blues Rock had got much heavier regarding tone and far more riff-based. People considered early '70s Blues Rock very similar to Traditional Rock and that the differences were barely noticeable.

  2. Jewel Thief is a good example of a Bollywood formula film containing a variety ...

    The next song, called ?Rula Ke Gaya Sapna Mera?, which means ?My dreams have let me crying?, is sung by Lata Mangeshkar. This song lasts approximately five minutes and can be categorized as a viraha song. This song opens up with a vocal solo sung by Lata Mangeshkar and shows Vinay hearing a woman?s voice from somewhere.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work