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Types of training.

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Introduction

Types of training There are a wide range of different types and methods of training that can all have different, useful effects. This includes: - * Weight training * Circuit training * Interval training * Continuous training * Fartlek training Weight training This is designed to increase strength. Nowadays, in our local gyms, there is a range of equipment available that can help to increase muscle strength and improve muscle. Whilst using weights, you can either use them in sets or repetitions. A set is the number of times you do a particular weight activity and repetitions are the number of times you move the weights. To increase muscle strength, a programme designed to increase muscle size is required. This uses the principle of overload, which will stress the muscles, gradually making them bigger. Performers also need to do small amounts of repetitions and lots of sets to increase muscle strength. To increase tone, it is the opposite. Other weight training methods are: - * Isotonic- where the amount of weight, moved or lifted, remains constant throughout the movement. ...read more.

Middle

It is basically the same as circuit training but allows a longer rest period between stations and prevents the performer from becoming too fatigued to carry on. These are several ways that interval training can be done but the following factors have to be considered: - * Duration of work- how far a performer may need to run or work. * Intensity of work- this could be the speed at which the performer works or the load they have. * Repetition- this could be the number of work repetitions or the number of rest ones. * Duration of the recovery period- this would usually refer to the time but it may involve a recovery distance (a distance allowed to slow walk.) The two general categories of interval training are: * Long interval training- is particularly good for players in team games or middle distance athletes, as it works in bursts of from 15 seconds up to 3 minutes. For 3 minutes work, there should be 3 minutes rest. It should be normally be done at 80-85 percent maximum work rate. The majority of this would consist of running, usually for a set time. ...read more.

Conclusion

I hope to use a mix of isotonic and isometric to add variance to my training programme and hopefully receive a variety of improvements to my muscle strength. * Circuit training- this will help be a good chance to practice skills such as fast feet, tackling and passing off both hands (like suggested in my purpose and aims) meanwhile improving fitness in certain areas of the body (using specificity). * Interval training- this will help improve my game in two main areas by using long and short interval training. Short interval training will improve my speed, especially off the mark. My aim is to include numerous short sprints of about 20m at 100% intensity with 1-minute rest period between each one to ensure recovery is sufficient and to avoid muscle fatigue. I am using long interval training by including a few long, back to back cycle rides with a 5 minute rest period between each bike ride. This will improve my general fitness and adds another type of training to my programme. * Continuous training- this will improve my general fitness and stamina. I decided to include fairly lengthy jogs as it contains no major thinking but is meanwhile gaining positive, useful results. ...read more.

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