• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term welfare state is in inverted commas - i.e. think about to what extent it was, and was considered by contemporaries to be a welfare state.

Extracts from this document...


Tutorial Week 6: Welfare State 1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term welfare state is in inverted commas - i.e. think about to what extent it was, and was considered by contemporaries to be a welfare state. Note that the word welfare state is in inverted commas. This is because there has been widespread debate on the right definition of a welfare state. The word itself comes from the German word 'Wohlfahrstaat' - used to express the inadequacies of the social reforms introduced in 1920s Germany. Wolhlfahrstaat 'welfare' remains today a mainly derogatory term used to express centralised means-tested benefit. The term 'social service state' was coined by Beveridge as a response to the something-for nothing connotation related to a welfare state. Recently 'social security' has been used in the US, to express the same thing. Historically, the US Government's low expenditure on social services and dependency on a private health care means the country is not generally considered a fully functioning welfare state. There are various political and historical undertones embedded with 'welfare state.' We have no choice but to enter the world of normative economics and have a bias view of its meaning. ...read more.


While the war alone did not give rise to a British welfare system it offered the opportunity for the publication of the Beveridge report, social legislation and other white papers, which received a very popular response. Universal conditions experienced during the war put the wheels in motion for a welfare system after the war. Labour was the party seen most likely to introduce welfare reforms and full-employment to all after the war. The progress of the welfare state ran in tandem with their rise to power. During the war Labour managed to provide free milk for children, supplementary pensions for the needy and abolished the households means test - applaudable achievements in any case, even more so when you consider that the Conservatives headed by Churchill were still in power. The Labour party saw the working classes' involvement in the war effort as key to victory at a newer more efficiently run Britain and strengthened its position by promising social services and rights for all. Key labour ministers played their part in the launch and printing of the Beveridge report. Full employment and the creation of a welfare state were placed top of Labour's agenda. ...read more.


It was the British people who should be given their due for a very British welfare state. The war applied the shock through exposure of underdeveloped areas and the people responded. It was the war and the aspirations for a welfare state in the country that caused a domino effect - in the rest of the country; a rise in knowledge of social policies and anticipated response from those in power, the rise of the labour party and the induction of the Beveridge report. In conclusion the emergence of a universal and collectivist British society due to the effects of the war was the main factor towards the creation of a welfare state. This is because its effect was widespread and caused a chain reaction in the political, economic and social dynamics of the country growing into a will and need for a welfare state. Sullivan, Michael (1996), 'The development of the British welfare State,' New York : Prentice Hall. Laybourn, Keith (1995), 'The evolution of the British welfare State, c. 1800-1993,' Ryburn Publishing, Keele University Press. Jones, Margaret and Lowe, Rodney (2002), 'From Beveridge to Blair : the first fifty years of Britain's welfare state, 1948-1998.' Manchester : Manchester University Press. Lowe, Rodney (2005), 'The welfare state in Britain since 1945,' Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "The Unknown Citizen": Auden's Satire of the State"

    The poet is very critical towards the society he lived in or possibly a society he believes he will live in. Auden believes that the government will soon become totalitarian even though it doesn't bluntly come right out and say it that way.

  2. To what extent was there a 'post war consensus' between 1945-1970.

    When unemployment was high and investment was low, if the government borrowed money and increased public spending it increased the demand for goods, stimulated production, and created additional employment, giving the possibility of full employment and economic growth. For this policy to work it was necessary for wage increases to

  1. Free essay

    Women's contribution to the war

    Basically, it was down to the employer to decide if women earned this bonus, as the agreement states that they are able to refuse any women if they feel that the work is not to a satisfactory standard. Many women were confused as to what was considered to be substantial

  2. Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had ...

    The government then instituted the Emergency Hospital Service, which is where hospitals would lay aside beds for war patients to be paid for by the treasury, this was the government's effort to temporarily nationalising Britain. People realised something had to happen to extend the patchwork of social provisions, Beveridge was the man chosen to do so.

  1. Describe what was in the Beveridge report

    This became a major propaganda weapon, with both major parties committed to its introduction. During the war, the coalition government also committed itself to full employment through Keynesian policies, free universal secondary education, and the introduction of family allowances. The Labour Government was elected in 1945, and introduced three key

  2. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    the temporary solution that Irish home rule brought after 1921 hit the Liberals hard due to the loss of consistent support they had received from Irish Nationalists before 1921. Also the increasing irrelevance of core Liberal policies, to name a few; laissez faire governing, balanced budgets, free trade, disestablishment, temperance

  1. In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how ...

    Seebohm Rowntree did a study of the citizens of York and came to the conclusion that poverty was not the fault of the poor. This led people to believe that the content and general idea behind the 1834 poor laws was wrong.

  2. To what extent have the principles of the welfare state been eroded since 1979

    IMF were necessary, this is not an unusual practice for the government (to take out loans) but regulations of the IMF meant public spending had to be cut. Some writers mark this as the beginning of 'retrenchment, restructured or erosion' of the welfare state, at the 1976 Labour conference, Prime

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work