• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term welfare state is in inverted commas - i.e. think about to what extent it was, and was considered by contemporaries to be a welfare state.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tutorial Week 6: Welfare State 1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term welfare state is in inverted commas - i.e. think about to what extent it was, and was considered by contemporaries to be a welfare state. Note that the word welfare state is in inverted commas. This is because there has been widespread debate on the right definition of a welfare state. The word itself comes from the German word 'Wohlfahrstaat' - used to express the inadequacies of the social reforms introduced in 1920s Germany. Wolhlfahrstaat 'welfare' remains today a mainly derogatory term used to express centralised means-tested benefit. The term 'social service state' was coined by Beveridge as a response to the something-for nothing connotation related to a welfare state. Recently 'social security' has been used in the US, to express the same thing. Historically, the US Government's low expenditure on social services and dependency on a private health care means the country is not generally considered a fully functioning welfare state. There are various political and historical undertones embedded with 'welfare state.' We have no choice but to enter the world of normative economics and have a bias view of its meaning. ...read more.

Middle

While the war alone did not give rise to a British welfare system it offered the opportunity for the publication of the Beveridge report, social legislation and other white papers, which received a very popular response. Universal conditions experienced during the war put the wheels in motion for a welfare system after the war. Labour was the party seen most likely to introduce welfare reforms and full-employment to all after the war. The progress of the welfare state ran in tandem with their rise to power. During the war Labour managed to provide free milk for children, supplementary pensions for the needy and abolished the households means test - applaudable achievements in any case, even more so when you consider that the Conservatives headed by Churchill were still in power. The Labour party saw the working classes' involvement in the war effort as key to victory at a newer more efficiently run Britain and strengthened its position by promising social services and rights for all. Key labour ministers played their part in the launch and printing of the Beveridge report. Full employment and the creation of a welfare state were placed top of Labour's agenda. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was the British people who should be given their due for a very British welfare state. The war applied the shock through exposure of underdeveloped areas and the people responded. It was the war and the aspirations for a welfare state in the country that caused a domino effect - in the rest of the country; a rise in knowledge of social policies and anticipated response from those in power, the rise of the labour party and the induction of the Beveridge report. In conclusion the emergence of a universal and collectivist British society due to the effects of the war was the main factor towards the creation of a welfare state. This is because its effect was widespread and caused a chain reaction in the political, economic and social dynamics of the country growing into a will and need for a welfare state. Sullivan, Michael (1996), 'The development of the British welfare State,' New York : Prentice Hall. Laybourn, Keith (1995), 'The evolution of the British welfare State, c. 1800-1993,' Ryburn Publishing, Keele University Press. Jones, Margaret and Lowe, Rodney (2002), 'From Beveridge to Blair : the first fifty years of Britain's welfare state, 1948-1998.' Manchester : Manchester University Press. Lowe, Rodney (2005), 'The welfare state in Britain since 1945,' Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What Are The Key Elements Of Thatcherism? To What Extent Was It A Reaction ...

    The consensus, installed by the policies of the 1945-51 Labour government, marked a great increase in the role of government in peacetime economy and society, something which remained generally unchallenged for decades by successive governments. This does not mean that there was no disagreement between parties and nothing was at

  2. In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how ...

    Seebohm Rowntree did a study of the citizens of York and came to the conclusion that poverty was not the fault of the poor. This led people to believe that the content and general idea behind the 1834 poor laws was wrong.

  1. Describe what was in the Beveridge report

    This became a major propaganda weapon, with both major parties committed to its introduction. During the war, the coalition government also committed itself to full employment through Keynesian policies, free universal secondary education, and the introduction of family allowances. The Labour Government was elected in 1945, and introduced three key

  2. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    and any Malay nationalist sentiment was characterised by discontent over the position and interests of other races in Malaya, particularly the Chinese among them, rather than by concern over the well-being of the nation as a whole or by opposition to the colonial power.

  1. To what extent was there a 'post war consensus' between 1945-1970.

    Full employment was a priority, not only of the Labour government of 1945 but of all subsequent governments right up until 1976. Both parties adopted the Keynesian demand management techniques. J M Keynes thought that it was possible to control unemployment through government borrowing and spending.

  2. Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had ...

    receiving anything but, things were still generally the same as before the war. The government introduced free milk for all school children in 1940, with the government abolishing the household means test in 1941. The old system merely couldn't cope with the demands the public needed.

  1. Conflict Analysis: Angola

    GURN was also officially brushed aside by a cabinet reshuffle and President Dos Santos assumed full control over the FAA33. This internal factor brought more cohesion to the MPLA, who were in an increasingly weak position sustaining further losses to UNITA and facing low cash reserves due to falling oil prices.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    In the words of historian Martin Clark, the Italian army was 'sullen, often illiterate, ill-equipped .... torn away from its homes and fields to fight on foreign soil for incomprehensible reasons'. Discipline was harsh and the desertion rate high. Even worse, the conscripts had been forced to fight in appalling conditions that resulted in a high casualty rate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work