• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

American politics in the early part of the 1800’s, housed two political parties; the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federali

Extracts from this document...


Gregg Klein American politics in the early part of the 1800s housed two political parties: the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The former were made up of politicians and common people who believed that government should be run using a strict interpretation of the words within the Constitution, and thereby limiting the powers of the central government. On the other hand, the Federalists took a more liberal view, allowing for ample room in the interpretation of the Constitution and the maintenance of a strong federal government. During the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison, however, it is seen that these two publicly Jeffersonian republicans acted in ways that makes one doubt that their commitment to their political party's stated ideals was absolutely unconditional. Document A surely supports the claim that Jefferson often held true to Republican beliefs. In an 1800 letter to Gideon Granger, the President reasons that one centralized government could never adequately support the future of the United States. "Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government." ...read more.


trade. This Act went against the Jeffersonian view of keeping open overseas commerce. Document C illustrates how the Act annoyed the British and stunted overseas trade with them. This gives rise to the idea that Jefferson was not quite as much of a Jeffersonian Republican as most may have thought. Document G refers to another instance of Jefferson deviating from the strict constructionist view. In this 1816 letter to S. Kercehval, the then-former President explains how he thinks that, along with time and a changing culture, the Constitution needs to be a living body that can change and adapt to different times. "...I am certainly not an advocate for frequent and untried changes in laws and constitutions....But I know also, that laws and institutions must go hand in hand with the progress of the human mind." This goes against the bases of the Jeffersonians, since his words say essentially that the Constitution should not be interpreted too narrowly. During his term in office, Madison faced the decision of whether or not to introduce a draft for the War of 1812 against England. ...read more.


Here, the President vetoes a bill that would have the government fund construction of national roads and water transportation. Madison does agree that it is important to build these routes - "I am not unaware of the great importance of roads and canals and the improved navigation of water courses...." However, he even more strongly feels that it is not within the central government's authority (as stated by the Constitution) to undertake the action. "...such a power is not expressly given by the Constitution..." Since Madison stuck to the strict limits of the Constitution, he was surely thinking here as a true Jeffersonian Republican. Both Presidents Jefferson and Madison were leaders of the Jeffersonian Republicans, a group of politicians that viewed the Constitution as an uncompromising document giving very distinctly defined powers to the government. As indicated above, at times these men did act as true Jeffersonians, while though at other times they behaved a bit more like Federalists. Perhaps they felt that, in the end, no document is perfect and that their sound practical judgments would have to occasionally substitute for a blind belief in an ideal. Perhaps this also helped to make them effective Presidents. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    Aducerea �n discutie a unor asemenea adevaruri nu �si are rostul �n conceptia celor care au devenit mostenitorii lui, aplicabilitatea unor astfel de reguli fiind de domeniul trecutului. Acesti pastratori ai credintei nu fac altceva dec�t ca doctrina sa se bucurede "un asentiment mohor�t si somnoros, ca si cum acceptarea

  2. What is Politics

    Public order is necessary to create a stable society in which art, science and commerce can flourish. However, some degree of disorder is also necessary to allow progress. Absolute order implies no disagreement. Without disagreement ideas are not challenged and there is no progress.

  1. Ben Hanson - Politics - Mr

    can therefore concentrate their energies on their work rather than worrying about staying in power. It also has a lot more time to look over legislation compared to the Commons, which means it can scrutinise policies more vigorously. The powers of the House of Lords to reject legislation have been massively restricted by the Parliament Act of 1911 and 1949.

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    o Conciliation of unions, the end of Empire and a move towards European Integration. o 1951-1964, Traditional conservatives were outraged, much the same way Old Labour has been outraged with Tony Blair's New Labour theories. * Reassurance of one nation * Nationalism * Gradual pragmatic reform * Social collectivism *

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    But whereas for the common man on the street this fervor took the form of a hero-worship with pictures of Osama Bin Laden stuck up on shops and walls (as was pictures of Sadam Hussein of Iraq some years ago and later), for the educated middle-class it was accompanied with a deep-seated anxiety and fear of exclusion.

  2. Political parties and representation

    (b) Communal/class identifications. Voting preference is based more on a 'feeling of belonging' than just instrumental choice. In e.g., Germany, Italy, firm RCs identified with Christian Democrats, non-(or weakly attached) RCs with socialists/communists. In GB, 'working class' voters identify with Labour, 'middle class' with Conservative (similarly, socialists vs. Christian Democrats in other countries).

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    for almost half a decade has split into warring factions, while the country's economic crisis has weakened the reputation of their rivals. Endemic corruption is also part of a broader and deeper problem of lack of rule of law "It is still very ingrained in the political and economic system

  2. Russia - political past, present and future

    It was a time for Russia, now an independent country, to form a democracy. Russia now was faced with a difficult dilemma of democracy formation. Would it be possible to apply democratic principles to the nation that over centuries developed an autocratic mentality?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work