• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

American politics in the early part of the 1800’s, housed two political parties; the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federali

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Gregg Klein American politics in the early part of the 1800s housed two political parties: the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The former were made up of politicians and common people who believed that government should be run using a strict interpretation of the words within the Constitution, and thereby limiting the powers of the central government. On the other hand, the Federalists took a more liberal view, allowing for ample room in the interpretation of the Constitution and the maintenance of a strong federal government. During the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison, however, it is seen that these two publicly Jeffersonian republicans acted in ways that makes one doubt that their commitment to their political party's stated ideals was absolutely unconditional. Document A surely supports the claim that Jefferson often held true to Republican beliefs. In an 1800 letter to Gideon Granger, the President reasons that one centralized government could never adequately support the future of the United States. "Our country is too large to have all its affairs directed by a single government." ...read more.

Middle

trade. This Act went against the Jeffersonian view of keeping open overseas commerce. Document C illustrates how the Act annoyed the British and stunted overseas trade with them. This gives rise to the idea that Jefferson was not quite as much of a Jeffersonian Republican as most may have thought. Document G refers to another instance of Jefferson deviating from the strict constructionist view. In this 1816 letter to S. Kercehval, the then-former President explains how he thinks that, along with time and a changing culture, the Constitution needs to be a living body that can change and adapt to different times. "...I am certainly not an advocate for frequent and untried changes in laws and constitutions....But I know also, that laws and institutions must go hand in hand with the progress of the human mind." This goes against the bases of the Jeffersonians, since his words say essentially that the Constitution should not be interpreted too narrowly. During his term in office, Madison faced the decision of whether or not to introduce a draft for the War of 1812 against England. ...read more.

Conclusion

Here, the President vetoes a bill that would have the government fund construction of national roads and water transportation. Madison does agree that it is important to build these routes - "I am not unaware of the great importance of roads and canals and the improved navigation of water courses...." However, he even more strongly feels that it is not within the central government's authority (as stated by the Constitution) to undertake the action. "...such a power is not expressly given by the Constitution..." Since Madison stuck to the strict limits of the Constitution, he was surely thinking here as a true Jeffersonian Republican. Both Presidents Jefferson and Madison were leaders of the Jeffersonian Republicans, a group of politicians that viewed the Constitution as an uncompromising document giving very distinctly defined powers to the government. As indicated above, at times these men did act as true Jeffersonians, while though at other times they behaved a bit more like Federalists. Perhaps they felt that, in the end, no document is perfect and that their sound practical judgments would have to occasionally substitute for a blind belief in an ideal. Perhaps this also helped to make them effective Presidents. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The Rise of Political Parties.

    Despite all the criticism claiming the bank as unconstitutional, the Bank of the United States obtained a charter guaranteeing its existence for twenty more years to come. Madison and Jefferson also strongly opposed Hamilton's proposal to encourage industry through protective tariffs on foreign manufactures.

  2. Compare and Contrast the Evolution of the Major Political Parties In the United States ...

    and the Fifteenth Amendment (which helped to secure voting rights for African-Americans). In 1861 the American Civil War began, and the President had something to do with the cause.

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    De multe ori cutuma este pe nedrept asociata cu firea individula si "preferintele sau repulsiile societatii sau acelea ale unei parti importante ale sociatatii, sunt prin urmare principala pricina care a �nr�urit regulile impuse ca norme de comportament �n societate; si sunt sanctionate fie pe cale legala, fie prin repulsia st�rnita �n opinia publica �n cazul transgregarii lor."

  2. What is Politics

    This illustrates the negative aspects of coercive power. However, there are positive aspects to coercion. 'If you do not... we will impose sanctions' can become 'If you do... we will lift the sanctions'. In the latter, the end of coercion becomes a reward. In Britain the state tends to wield coercive power.

  1. Ben Hanson - Politics - Mr

    The next method of scrutinising government policy through the house of commons is by directly questioning ministers.

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    List System- * Used in E.U elections and Israel * Each Party draws up a line of candidates * The size of the list is based on the number of seats won * The proportion of votes received determines the number of seats a party can fill. * 1997 U.K.

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    in the activities of, any communal or other associations or unions which in the name or on the basis of any religion has for its object, or persons a political purpose (The Bangladesh Constitution, 1972:27) The above principle resulted in a state practice where all religions were tolerated for example

  2. Political parties and representation

    'Whig' or 'trustee' model, which proposes that elected politicians should be leaders of public opinion, not passive tools of it. Once elected, representatives should think for themselves and exercise independent judgment, since those they represent may not know their own best interests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work