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Analyze the weakness of the Third Republic of France in the period, 1875-1914.

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  • Essay length: 912 words
  • Submitted: 19/08/2003
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GCSE Politics

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Analyze the weakness of the Third Republic of France in the period, 1875-1914.

In the period, 1875-1914, the French Third Republic suffered from a number of crises, scandals and difficulties. The regime was hardly strong. Nevertheless, it survived.

1. Political instability was a major weakness of the Third Republic. There were frequent changes of government owing to the existence of different political groups. Governments were often coalitions of a number of parties and tended to break up if parties of the coalition fell out over certain issues. The existence of different groups or factions had been a feature of the political history of France ever since 1789. There were 3 major divisions: the monarchists(legitimists and Orleanists)

and Bonapartists, the republicans(moderates and radicals), and liberals, socialists of different hues- moderate to radical. There were supporters of different regimes and ideologies-absolutism and absolute monarchy, empire; constitutionalism and constitutional monarchy; republicanism and republic; socialism.

From 1875 to 1914, the republicans and the republic had to face the challenges from the Right(monarchists and Bonapartists) and the Left(socialists). Right from the beginning of the Third Republic, there was a serious monarchist threat. Monarchists dominated the Assembly elected

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