• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyze the weakness of the Third Republic of France in the period, 1875-1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyze the weakness of the Third Republic of France in the period, 1875-1914. In the period, 1875-1914, the French Third Republic suffered from a number of crises, scandals and difficulties. The regime was hardly strong. Nevertheless, it survived. 1. Political instability was a major weakness of the Third Republic. There were frequent changes of government owing to the existence of different political groups. Governments were often coalitions of a number of parties and tended to break up if parties of the coalition fell out over certain issues. The existence of different groups or factions had been a feature of the political history of France ever since 1789. There were 3 major divisions: the monarchists(legitimists and Orleanists) and Bonapartists, the republicans(moderates and radicals), and liberals, socialists of different hues- moderate to radical. There were supporters of different regimes and ideologies-absolutism and absolute monarchy, empire; constitutionalism and constitutional monarchy; republicanism and republic; socialism. From 1875 to 1914, the republicans and the republic had to face the challenges from the Right(monarchists and Bonapartists) ...read more.

Middle

There was another threat from the Right---the Boulanger Affair of 1889. Boulanger was French general who aimed at dictatorship. He captured popular support by advocating a strong foreign policy. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. In the end, he failed to start a coup to seize power because of his lack of courage and his inability to have a political programme that satisfied different political groups. The political division of France was most vividly shown in the Dreyfus Affair which clearly divided France into 2 halves. Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army, was charged with high treason for giving military information to Germany. Generally speaking, in the Dreyfus Case, the left wing parties(Radicals, Republicans and Socialists) supported Dreyfus's innocence. But the right wing groups(the Church, the army, monarchists) insisted on his guiltiness. In the end, Dreyfus was found to be innocent. So this result discredited the right wing parties, the clericals and the army. The republicans and socialists got more support. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reasons for slow economic growth were: --the lack of resources e.g. coal. This handicapped heavy industries. --the French were too individualistic to adopt machines and capitalism. The French disliked anything large scale. --France specialized in luxury goods. --People engaged in enterprise on family basis. They prepared family dynasties. They did not like competition from within or without the country. Much of the French capital were ,thus channelled into foreign loans. 4. International position of France was weakened and France was isolated internationally. This was due to the defeat by Prussia in 1871 and the efforts of Bismarck to isolate France after 1870, and the unpopularity of the republican form of government. However, the situation changed in the 1890's. As the aggressiveness of Germany scared the other powers into looking allies, France, the enemy of Germany, was sought after. In 1893, France had an alliance with Russia. Conclusion In the political, economic and international arena, France was weak. But it survived because the republican form of government was accepted by the French as shown by the failure of the monarchists and Boulanger. The efforts of the politicians to obtain popular support also accounted for the survival of the republic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    High taxes and duty was made on grain. The people were not happy on these measures. Every government department was re-organised and put on strong basis. Maitland also sought to re-organise the medical and health sector. In other words he improved the services of the hospitals and of the Lazaretto.

  2. jeffersonian republicanism

    ...Let history answer this question."3 Soon after taking office Jefferson was compelled to go against his principles firstly with excise tax, a Hamiltonian policy, which he loathed as he believed this heavily affected his farmer following. By repealing this act he was going against his policy on repaying debt, costing

  1. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    He was sentenced to deportation for life in a high security prison. He claimed that he was innocent, but nobody believed him. On the 5th of January 1895 there was the "D�gradation" (he was deprived of his rank in the army; disgraced)4 in the garden of the Military School.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    In addition to the necessary breathing space, CSOs must further have the opportunity to mobilize funding. Tax exemption for donations is one way in effectiveness of CSOS is a function of access to information and knowledge as well as the ability to attract talent.

  1. The debate over immigration and French identity is one of the most controversial questions ...

    This worrying tendency gave birth to a new ideology, known as pronatalism.. In its demand for immigration the movement put a new emphasis on assimiliabilty. As degrees of assimiliability were reflected in racial categories, post-war immigration got provided with a racial dimension.

  2. Conservative Victory of 1941, Peel and the Weakness of the Whigs.

    Between 1832 and 1841, there were an extraordinary four elections, enabling Peel to gradually build up support within the two Houses. The Conservative seats increased from 185 in December 1832 to 279 in January 1835, and from 314 to 367 between August 1837 and July 1841.

  1. The third French Republic.

    This led to a rebel group of Communards being formed. By the end of the conflict over 20,000 people had been killed and many of Paris' finest buildings had been destroyed. The Boulanger Affair was the first major political crisis to face the Republic.

  2. Analyse the causes of Mexico's instability in the period 1821-1855

    This led to two problems. Primarily, out of this arose the rule of Caudillos and secondly the new nation became divided into three political factions each vying for a chance to rule. These major factions were conservatives, moderates and radicals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work