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Assess Mao's domestic policies

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Assess Mao's domestic policies Sylvia Palmai 6.I.B. Introduction As the Chairman of the CCP, Mao Tse Tung held the unlimited control of China firmly in his grasp. He addressed domestic issues such as politics, agriculture, and industry, and attempted to meet the needs of the people following his own, mostly inappropriate or insufficient tactics. In an effort to prove China's equal superiority to Russia, Mao implemented a large number of his policies modelling ones he perceived in the USSR. In contrast to Stalin's practices, Mao enjoyed less success and may be criticized as the man who contributed to the ultimate downfall of China during his rule. Whether we can consider all of his strategies as political errors and disasters or the building blocks of a more independent and developed China, his policies must be further examined. Development The period of officially designated "transition to socialism", that took place in 1953 corresponded to China's First Five-Year Plan, characterised by efforts to achieve industrialisation, collectivisation of agriculture, and political centralisation. With heavy Soviet aid, the Chinese Empire was determined to begin a strategy of heavy industrial, economic, and technical advance. ...read more.


Silence was golden during this period, where officers didn't report the realistic results of these policies back to Mao, but elucidated the situation to be flourishing. The officers would move crop from other areas and let it accumulate to one particular region where Mao wished to visit. He would assume that food production is thriving, but the moment he would leave, the crops would be slyly placed back to their original segments. The circumstances only deteriorated, and led to cannibalism and genocide. Eventually Mao realised that reality of the situation, and not for one moment did he consider blaming himself for the circumstances. Instead, he released his anger on his officers, whom he accused of being ineffective and incompetent. Meanwhile, Industrial figures rose as families were encouraged to build primitive smelting devices on their own premises. They were told that their own iron and steel production would greatly contribute to the advance of China. In time, remarkable creations such as giant span bridges, canals, and dams were formed, not to mention the development of atomic bombs and nuclear power in general. These were introduced as evidence of the resurgence of China under communism. ...read more.


All western influenced publications, broadcasts and works of art as well as music were banned, ensuring that only contemporary works were apparent in China. Those who didn't conform to the expectations of this new society such as painters and artists were sent to be re-educated, destroying all remaining sources of prevailing culture. Eventually, all educational systems were shut down, and severe agricultural and industrial torpor was experienced. Not only was China financially inept, but it found itself in a cultural vacuum, motivated by inhumanity and terror. The number of labour camps came as high as 1000, and the death toll amounted to an astounding 30 million. Conclusion It cannot be denied that Mao's domestic policies in the 5 year plan did amount to something, since it did develop industrial produce and a breakthrough in nuclear technology, but his tactics with China's economy, society, and agriculture proved insufficient to challenge Western powers, as it was based on the terroristic and ill-intentioned implementations of Mao, and not on his goodwill to develop China into a strong country. If Mao would have paid attention to the realist outcome of all his policies as opposed to listen to the incorrect and exaggerated statistics of his officers, maybe Mao could've steered his country away from its overall ruin. ...read more.

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