• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess Mao's domestic policies

Extracts from this document...


Assess Mao's domestic policies Sylvia Palmai 6.I.B. Introduction As the Chairman of the CCP, Mao Tse Tung held the unlimited control of China firmly in his grasp. He addressed domestic issues such as politics, agriculture, and industry, and attempted to meet the needs of the people following his own, mostly inappropriate or insufficient tactics. In an effort to prove China's equal superiority to Russia, Mao implemented a large number of his policies modelling ones he perceived in the USSR. In contrast to Stalin's practices, Mao enjoyed less success and may be criticized as the man who contributed to the ultimate downfall of China during his rule. Whether we can consider all of his strategies as political errors and disasters or the building blocks of a more independent and developed China, his policies must be further examined. Development The period of officially designated "transition to socialism", that took place in 1953 corresponded to China's First Five-Year Plan, characterised by efforts to achieve industrialisation, collectivisation of agriculture, and political centralisation. With heavy Soviet aid, the Chinese Empire was determined to begin a strategy of heavy industrial, economic, and technical advance. ...read more.


Silence was golden during this period, where officers didn't report the realistic results of these policies back to Mao, but elucidated the situation to be flourishing. The officers would move crop from other areas and let it accumulate to one particular region where Mao wished to visit. He would assume that food production is thriving, but the moment he would leave, the crops would be slyly placed back to their original segments. The circumstances only deteriorated, and led to cannibalism and genocide. Eventually Mao realised that reality of the situation, and not for one moment did he consider blaming himself for the circumstances. Instead, he released his anger on his officers, whom he accused of being ineffective and incompetent. Meanwhile, Industrial figures rose as families were encouraged to build primitive smelting devices on their own premises. They were told that their own iron and steel production would greatly contribute to the advance of China. In time, remarkable creations such as giant span bridges, canals, and dams were formed, not to mention the development of atomic bombs and nuclear power in general. These were introduced as evidence of the resurgence of China under communism. ...read more.


All western influenced publications, broadcasts and works of art as well as music were banned, ensuring that only contemporary works were apparent in China. Those who didn't conform to the expectations of this new society such as painters and artists were sent to be re-educated, destroying all remaining sources of prevailing culture. Eventually, all educational systems were shut down, and severe agricultural and industrial torpor was experienced. Not only was China financially inept, but it found itself in a cultural vacuum, motivated by inhumanity and terror. The number of labour camps came as high as 1000, and the death toll amounted to an astounding 30 million. Conclusion It cannot be denied that Mao's domestic policies in the 5 year plan did amount to something, since it did develop industrial produce and a breakthrough in nuclear technology, but his tactics with China's economy, society, and agriculture proved insufficient to challenge Western powers, as it was based on the terroristic and ill-intentioned implementations of Mao, and not on his goodwill to develop China into a strong country. If Mao would have paid attention to the realist outcome of all his policies as opposed to listen to the incorrect and exaggerated statistics of his officers, maybe Mao could've steered his country away from its overall ruin. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    The commune system meant that they no longer received more food or pay for working hard, so many simply did less work. This resulted in two years of serious droughts in the 1960's, which set back farming production in the communes.

  2. Was the Great Leap Forward a ‘Tragedy of Good Intentions’?

    Mao not only viewed the Great Leap as an economic transition for China, leading it to industrialization. A major aspect of the strategy was it perpetrated and idealized Mao's desire to push China into Socialism. An obvious feature that embodied Mao's ideals was the formation of communes.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    In 1927, Nguyen Thai Hoc founded the radical Viet Nam Quoc Dan Damg (VNQDD) or Vietnam Nationalist Party with the aim of overthrowing the colonial government. Up to 1941, the VNQDD was the leading political organisation in Indo-China. It was modelled along the Kuomintang (KMT)

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    made famous in newspapers and on wall posters throughout the towns and cities of china. This was meant to give other workers a standard to aim for. Communes were expected to contribute to the great leap forward in small as well as big projects.

  1. Which major domestic and international factors made German unification possible?

    up addressing their roles in German unification, the 2 plus 4 talks occurred which ended up being 3 against 1 with the USSR being that one against the West and China. The USSR however "had some 340,000 troops stationed in the GDR"3 which evidently meant that they could not be ignored from these talks and the demands that they made.

  2. 9/11 Conspiracy Theories

    This resulted with America declaring war on the Empire of Japan, Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Some theorist's question what really happened? Documents A government document found was discovered to contain information discussing an option to gain more money for the defence budget to get raises, new arms, and future capabilities.

  1. From 1949 to the beginning of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, China went ...

    the peasants to denounce the landowners who had been extremely cruel to their tenants, then the Communist Party would decide on his fate, either take his land away and make him into a peasant, send him to a labor camp, send him to a "Thought Reform School", or even execute him.

  2. What impact did Mao have on the lives of Chinese people since 1949 in ...

    However, this did not work as planned. Although Mao was by no means a skilled economist his ideas were sound. However, he had very little understanding of how best to complete these ideas. The consequence of the Great Leap Forward was mass starvation caused by the fact that food was rotting in the fields as ten percent of agricultural workers were now solely employed in steel production.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work