• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

British Rule in India Candidate number: 3242 Candidate name: Seung-Hwan Byun (John) Q1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War. During 19th century, and beginning of 20th century, India was divided into two areas. 60% of India was ruled by the British, and 40% by the princes. Princes were allowed to rule their land, as they promised that they will accept the Britain as the main ruler of India. There were also British advisor next to the princes to help them make decisions. The ruler of India was called Viceroy, and was elected in Britain. Although, Viceroy was the highest ruler of India, there was Secretary of State for India, who was the government minister responsible for Indian affairs. There were approximately 10,000~12,000 administrators in India, who actually ruled India in different areas. However, there was no possible way for the Indians to be in the administration, only the British were allowed to be the administrators. The Viceroy governed with the help from the Imperial Legislative Council, which passed laws for India. British army and police officers were also involved in governing India. These administrators were usually the members of the Indian Civil Service (ICS) and they were responsible for administering India, and encouraging economic development. ...read more.

Middle

they made during the First World War, which was, if India helps Britain to win the war, they will have self-government, when the war was over. British did not really cared about the princely states, as the princes gave British the money, supporting British finance. However, the 60% of country was still ruled same as before, British rules everything, India stays back, and follows the instructions of the British. Q2. In what ways did the British government attempt to change the government of India from 1919 to 1939? During the period 1919 to 1939, the British government tried to change the government of India, by doing different acts, and by doing conferences with Gandhi, the leader of the Congress party. In 1919, in Amritser, the British troops shot furious, but unarmed Indians as they rallied because they were angry with the British, as the Indians were furious about the Rowlatt Act. This has shown injustice, and lots of Indians started to oppose the British rule in India. Therefore, the British started to change the government of India from that point. As, Indians hatred the British rule after Amritser, British announced the government of India Act in 1919. It gave a little self-government to India. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gandhi suggested the creation of a constitution without the agreement of the other religions, such as Muslims, and Christians. It was rejected, and it followed by the 3rd Round Table Conference. However, the labour party, and the congress did not join, so no decisions could be made, so the round table conference also failed to agree at some point. Then in 1935, British announced the Government of India Act. Dyarchy came to and end and the provincial government controlled everything, apart from the defence and foreign affairs. Each provinces had legislative assembly of its own, which were mostly Indians. There was still the Viceroy, who was elected in Britain, but the viceroy needed to follow the advice of an Executive Committee, which were mostly Indians. It gave a huge self-government to India compared to other acts, but the congress and the Muslim league rejected it, which meant they are not satisfied, as the British still governed the central government. The British tried to control India in dyarchy first, but as it did not work out well, they tried to negotiate and tried other acts, but it also did not work well. Finally, they allowed the provincial government to govern themselves, but still the British did not give up the central government, as they did not want to give up India, the country with vast population, and resources. Q3. Why did all the attempts to reform the government of India fail? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918.

    the vitality and unity of the party restored under Bonar Law a chance of a Conservative victory in 1915 was a possibility. However most would argue that in the long term the war caused the revival of Conservative fortunes. Their political ideology was better able to respond to the key

  2. Party system in India

    Consolidation of opposition parties and emergence of multi-party system (1977-89); Shaping of coalitional party system (1989 onwards) 1952-67 At the time the country became independent it had several parties competing with each other although the Indian National Congress had an imposing presence.

  1. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    failure to match the growth performance of the other advanced industrialised countries. This relative decline started in the late nineteenth century when a number of European countries began to outstrip Britain. Britain had fallen well down the international living standards league.

  2. How and why did Federation occur?

    * Most were well educated and of fair skin. * Migrants were housed in Migrant Hostels that were hot in the summer and overcrowded. Nevertheless, they were taught English and this was a temporary solution. * Many Australian's treated the New Australians badly calling them names such as refo, eyetie or wog.

  1. This dispute dates back to the partition of the British Indian Empire, in August ...

    India refuses to acknowledge that the people of Indian Held Kashmir (IHK) have become totally alienated and there is complete rejection of Indian occupation.

  2. Is Legalization a Realistic Alternative to the War on Marijuana?

    Much of the debate over the legalization of marijuana is whether or not it is a realistic alternative to fighting the war against it.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    The Fascists did badly at the elections of November 1919 as they failed to win a single seat in the new parliament. When dealing with this period in the growth of Fascism a historian must be careful to make a distinction between Fascism and Mussolini.

  2. Decolonisation in India.

    At this level the thrust for taking the fight to the British and returning nationalism to the realm of anti-colonial struggle was provided not so much by 'elites' as by 'subalterns'-peasants, tribals, workers and lower classes. The traditional 'history from above' was not replaced but it was significantly refined.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work