• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

British Rule in India Candidate number: 3242 Candidate name: Seung-Hwan Byun (John) Q1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War. During 19th century, and beginning of 20th century, India was divided into two areas. 60% of India was ruled by the British, and 40% by the princes. Princes were allowed to rule their land, as they promised that they will accept the Britain as the main ruler of India. There were also British advisor next to the princes to help them make decisions. The ruler of India was called Viceroy, and was elected in Britain. Although, Viceroy was the highest ruler of India, there was Secretary of State for India, who was the government minister responsible for Indian affairs. There were approximately 10,000~12,000 administrators in India, who actually ruled India in different areas. However, there was no possible way for the Indians to be in the administration, only the British were allowed to be the administrators. The Viceroy governed with the help from the Imperial Legislative Council, which passed laws for India. British army and police officers were also involved in governing India. These administrators were usually the members of the Indian Civil Service (ICS) and they were responsible for administering India, and encouraging economic development. ...read more.

Middle

they made during the First World War, which was, if India helps Britain to win the war, they will have self-government, when the war was over. British did not really cared about the princely states, as the princes gave British the money, supporting British finance. However, the 60% of country was still ruled same as before, British rules everything, India stays back, and follows the instructions of the British. Q2. In what ways did the British government attempt to change the government of India from 1919 to 1939? During the period 1919 to 1939, the British government tried to change the government of India, by doing different acts, and by doing conferences with Gandhi, the leader of the Congress party. In 1919, in Amritser, the British troops shot furious, but unarmed Indians as they rallied because they were angry with the British, as the Indians were furious about the Rowlatt Act. This has shown injustice, and lots of Indians started to oppose the British rule in India. Therefore, the British started to change the government of India from that point. As, Indians hatred the British rule after Amritser, British announced the government of India Act in 1919. It gave a little self-government to India. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gandhi suggested the creation of a constitution without the agreement of the other religions, such as Muslims, and Christians. It was rejected, and it followed by the 3rd Round Table Conference. However, the labour party, and the congress did not join, so no decisions could be made, so the round table conference also failed to agree at some point. Then in 1935, British announced the Government of India Act. Dyarchy came to and end and the provincial government controlled everything, apart from the defence and foreign affairs. Each provinces had legislative assembly of its own, which were mostly Indians. There was still the Viceroy, who was elected in Britain, but the viceroy needed to follow the advice of an Executive Committee, which were mostly Indians. It gave a huge self-government to India compared to other acts, but the congress and the Muslim league rejected it, which meant they are not satisfied, as the British still governed the central government. The British tried to control India in dyarchy first, but as it did not work out well, they tried to negotiate and tried other acts, but it also did not work well. Finally, they allowed the provincial government to govern themselves, but still the British did not give up the central government, as they did not want to give up India, the country with vast population, and resources. Q3. Why did all the attempts to reform the government of India fail? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918.

    The war also had a large impact on the Conservative party. In the short term the war can be seen as a setback to the process of steady recovery for the Conservatives. In view of the problems faced by the Liberal government in the four pre war years and with

  2. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    after 1922 Baldwin "devoted a significant part of his time to securing what Leo Amery was to call 'the right solution' that is for The Liberal Party to disappear by one section joining with and diluting the Labour Party and the other section coming into line with [the Conservatives]".27 Although

  1. Decolonisation in India.

    What currently features in non-lndian equations of decolonization are circumstantial forces outside Britain's control, particularly an admixture of overriding determinants stemming from her catastrophic postwar economic and military decline. In the metropolitan setting such decline purportedly manifested itself as a headlong, irreversible rush to discard costly financial commitments -and India was a large one.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    The country was in chaos. Liberalism was more irrelevant than ever as its support base had collapsed in favour of the PSI, PPI and now the Fascists - all parties that had little love for Liberal Italy. Even worse, the Fascist squadrismo increasingly dictated events in some provinces through violence.

  1. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    Jinnah had pushed and worked hard and as leader of the Muslim League refused to co-operate with the Congress in making a constitution and decided on 'direct action' to obtain a separate Pakistan. This was after the announcement that the Governor-General of India, Lord Wavell, invited Nehru to form an interim government in August 1946.

  2. Party system in India

    The evolution of parties and party system in India after Independence may be viewed broadly as consisting of four phases, with each phase having its genesis in the earlier one and flowing into the next one: Period of Congress dominance (1952-67); consolidation Of congress party as opposition rises(1967-77)

  1. Is Legalization a Realistic Alternative to the War on Marijuana?

    which is certain to kill any legislative attempt at legalization" (Nadelman 108). This may come as a shock to some, as it might be hard to understand why those involved in the drug industry would want marijuana to be illegal.

  2. Description of Citizenship Activity Describe how you participated in a school or community based ...

    Group 19.05.08 On this day we first started our research in the Library. We went on the internet and researched up the RSPCA and the British Red Cross. We also searched through these websited to come up and print some stories which happened, and how there life had been improved by these certain charities.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work