• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe what was in the Beveridge report

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P1 In this task I have been asked to describe what was in the Beveridge report, I have also been asked to describe major legislations, institutions and acts that have been put in place In December 1942 the British government published the report on social insurance and allied services. This watershed publication was better known as the Beveridge Report- named after its author the journalist, academic and government adviser William Beverigde and would shape British government and social policy for the rest of the century. The report directed government towards the goals of fighting 'the five giant evils' of want disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. In return for weekly contribution, the British people would be guaranteed a minimum standard of living in times of sickness, unemployment or retirement. In brief the Beveridge Report outlined the construction of the modern welfare state. The Second World War witnessed an acceleration of many trends evident in British politics and society before 1939. The war further stimulated new industries as well as reviving the old ones, and led to widespread recognition of social problems such as poverty and unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

Contemporary arguments emphasized the inter-related nature of these services, and the importance of each for the others. However, the administrative division between services was reinforced by reactions against the unifying and all-embracing nature of the Poor Law, which led to a strong distinction being made between income maintenance, health and welfare services. Although not entirely as Beveridge wished, the measures were adopted and formed the basis of the British post-war Welfare State. Family allowances were enacted in 1945, and National Insurance and the National Health Service in 1946; full employment became government policy. Together, these developments created the welfare state, a system of social security guaranteeing a minimum level of health and social services. The main legislations and acts that have been put in place because of the Beveridge report are: * The national insurance act (1946) created an integrated universal system of social insurance. The goal was to cover all major personal risks (such as sickness and unemployment) and pay out benefits that would support people when they had no income from paid work. ...read more.

Conclusion

The conservative party, lead by Margaret Thatcher, challenged the consensus view that the government should found universally available and free welfare services. When they were elected to government in 1979, the Thatcher-led conservative party set about rethinking the role of the state in the provision of health and welfare services. One of the aims of the conservative government of the 1980s a nd early 1990s was to reduce the direct involvement of the state in the founding and provision of welfare services. The aim was to shift some of the responsibility onto private and voluntary sector providers as well as placing greater responsibility on the individual and their family for meeting personal welfare needs. The conservative governments of this period felt that the state had gone to far in providing welfare and had in fact, trapped some sections of the population in welfare dependency. Welfare provisions during the 1980s was 'reformed' through the reduction in the range of service available, the introduction of means-testing and eligibility criteria and by increasing the use of the voluntary and private sector organisations as providers of specialist forms of social and health care. ?? ?? ?? ?? Btec national diploma in care Unit: 9 care services 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how ...

    It was then, in 1870, after child labour was ended a system of primary education was introduced and made compulsory for children up to the age of ten. The idea behind this was to occupy children but it helped all children get educated, regardless of their social status and income.

  2. Free essay

    Women's contribution to the war

    It is evident that women's contribution to the war during 1939-45 had a greater long term impact than 1914-1918. This is shown as the majority of Acts and Reforms that were formed in 1939-45 have been adapted and still in place today.

  1. The Creation of the Welfare State

    There were 827,000 school children who were evacuated. Also 524,000 mothers and children, 7,000 blind and disabled and 103,000 teachers who were evacuated. There were a total of 1,474,000 evacuees. These evacuations had taken place when the government had realised that Britain having large industrial areas were heading for heavy

  2. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The Maltese were still considered to be poor, and thus the conditions that they lived in them were quite critical. For example in Tripoli and Benghazi the Maltese weren't able to buy their own property. The Royal Commission of 1877-1878 Development in the Mediterranean urged a change in the British stand over.

  1. What, other than the personal beliefs of Margaret Thatcher was there to Thatcherism?

    promote the teaching in any maintained school the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship;' Thatcher's distinction between the deserving and undeserving poor combined with her belief that the latter should help themselves also reiterated Victorian values and moral codes.

  2. citizenship data task

    planning stages, and more importantly, we managed to complete all the planning by the deadlines and meet the success criteria. We made sure we took into account the rights of the children as well as our rights when planning for the activities, and we made sure we used our research

  1. Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had ...

    By 1939 19.2 million (about 54% of adults) could claim health insurance as the earning point was extended to �250 per year. These measures were neither universal nor comprehensive, as they didn't cover everyone for everything. There were still glaring problems to such measures listed above; Poverty still remained, the

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    Applying the national HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 26.5% to the 72 178 employees of Transnet means that any point in time it is estimated that 18 445 employees are infected. Using the same rate on the 20 000 employees without medical aid it is estimated that 5000 employees in this group is HIV positive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work