• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do you agree that the Liberal Reforms were nothing more than an Electioneering Tactic?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Do you agree that the Liberal Reforms were nothing more than an Electioneering Tactic? Before the Liberals took control of the government in Britain, there were clear signs that the living conditions for many of the working class were unacceptable in a country that owned a large part of the world in its Empire. These bad living conditions were shown in a study of the "Life and Labour of the People of London" made by a wealthy ship-owner called Charles Booth. This study showed that nearly one third of the population of London lived in continuous poverty and that one tenth of London's people were driven to crime for their own survival. Another study, this time made in York by Seebohm Rowntree in 1901 showed that 28% of the population of York earned less that the minimum necessary to meet the bare physical needs of a household. He also drew up the idea of a poverty line which showed how much money a family would need before they were in poverty and the effects of illness, death, births and other natural phenomena could have on the placement of that family on the poverty line. This poverty line had a great effect on the Liberals who believed that with the use of sick pays, national insurance and pension they could keep more people over the poverty line. ...read more.

Middle

This shows that the Liberals did not have to create any reforms, when tariff reform had won them the election. Any reforms created would have been out of actual want to change the situation in Britain. Once in power, the Liberals began to try and change the situation almost immediately. On the 9th April 1906, the Government brought in an Education Bill designed to reverse the 1902 Education Act, as the Liberals had made it known that they were a party of non-conformists. This was when the party met with a significant obstacle, the House of Lords. The House of Lords had the power to block any decisions made by the government and was made up of mainly Conservatives. This severely stemmed the power that the new government had. The government managed, however, to pass some reforms including the School Meals Act, the Trades Disputes Act, which reversed the Taff Vale case and the Medical Health Act, which were created in a continuous stream after 1906. The Medical Health Act was started in 1907 and it meant that there should be compulsory medical inspections of children in school. Once launched it became the most important single measure of preventive medicine ever undertaken, although it took some time for it to be set up. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lloyd George had grown up in Wales to a widowed and poverty stricken family. He knew what it was like to try and escape poverty and would have been able to relate to those living in poverty, but he would also have wanted to improve their lives, having experienced the same things as them. His intentions would have been for the good of the people and not to get more votes. All in all, the Liberals had enough votes after their massive victory in 1906 to feel confident in themselves, that they didn't have to go to any super efforts to keep those votes, or to get more. The personalities of the members of the Liberal party also meant that their intentions would have been for the good of the poor, seeing as some members had first hand experience of growing up with poverty. Their reforms benefited the poor but also meant that the Conservatives were appeased with the building of eight dreadnoughts, and some acts made massive differences to the lives of the poor and were made so that they were kept in for a long time, not just a quick idea, which would gain votes in the short term. It is because of all these points that I do not agree that the Liberal reforms were nothing more than an electioneering tactic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Have Prior Reforms Of The Lords Been Effective And Can Anything Further Be Done ...

    The Conservative party does not believe that Parliament is need of reform, as their general belief is that institutions which have stood the test of time should be preserved e.g. Parliament and the Monarchy (D Roberts, British Politics In Focus, 2nd Edition, 1999).

  2. Why did the Liberals concentrate on poverty? 1906-11.

    Finally, the growing support for socialist ideas and the widening of franchise meant that the Liberals had to adapt their appeal in order to attract more working class people. The widening franchise was caused by a Parliamentary act passed in the 19th century and resulted in an increase in the

  1. The 1906 General Election saw a convincing Liberal landslide of 399 Liberal seats to ...

    The country had also recently celebrated the golden and diamond jubilees of Queen Victoria who, although very old by 1900, had been on the throne for over 60 years. Her reign symbolised the very ideals which the Tories stood for.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    �170 million and 16,000 jobs a year and by 1988, some 300 scrutinies had saved over �1 billion. Perhaps the main effect was symbolic. Dewry and Butcher say that, ' Defenders of scrutinies argue.....that the main success of the scrutiny programme has been not so much in the individual savings

  1. "The first World War killed the Liberal Party" how far do you agree with ...

    DORA seriously reduced the support of the electorate in Britain because of the war inflicting restrictions upon citizens whereas the Home Rule crisis was a minor issue because it did not greatly impose difficulties to the majority of lives. The inefficiency of the Army in dealing with the war was another issue that dramatically reduced Liberal support.

  2. The constitutional change in the House of Lords

    The government started the process of Lords reform aimed at democracy, but now it shows that they are reluctant to give up their powers of patronage. Thus, the Tony's cronies which had been built in the present transitional chamber will be continuing.

  1. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    The first two centuries of Ottoman rule showed an explosion in kanun rulings and laws. This unique separation had many factors behind it, such as Turkish and Mongol traditions, Imperial law, Monarchic laws. When Imperial law and Shari'ah tradition collided, a compromise combining both was reached.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    The police tended to ignore the Fascist violence as they too felt threatened by socialism. Italy 1921-1922: The end of the Liberal support base Government became even more unstable (if that were possible!) after the election of May 1921. There were three governments between May 1921 and October 1922 as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work