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France's Weakness in the War and Why it had to Surrender so Soon…

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France's Weakness in the War and Why it had to Surrender so Soon... In WWII, soon after Adolph Hitler invaded Poland, he ordered an attack on Western Europe. His aim was to smash France and to force Britain to surrender. First, he invaded and conquered Denmark and Norway in April, 1940. Then, he turned southward and overran the Netherlands and Belgium. They then invaded France, where the French were least expecting an attack. France surrendered to Nazi Germany early in WWII because of three main reasons. It was because of their political situation, the fact that they were war weary, and also because they had the Maginot Line as their only strategic way to defend themselves. ...read more.


Extremists accused the Radical Socialist government of corrupt deals with Stavisky and forced its resignations. Daladier, the new premier, had to use force to repress bloody riots staged in Paris in February 5, 1934, but soon after, he also had to resign. The affair had unfortunate effect of not only the Radical Socialist party, but also parliamentary democracy in general. France's government was proven to be politically corrupted. France lacked outstanding leaders and the Great Depression undermined the already shaky political structure of the Third Republic. Nonetheless, this was not the only problem that France was facing. One of the reasons why France had to surrender the war was because they were not prepared. Apart from the Marginot line, they had no good strategy for preparing their country for war. ...read more.


France had expected to fight along a stationary battlefront and had built the Maginot Line along the eastern border of France for its defense. Thus, the Germans were able to avoid assaulting the Maginot Line directly. Attacking in May 1940, the German forces were well into France within five days and they continued to advance until May 24, when they stopped near Dunkirk. By early June, the German forces had cut the Line off from the rest of France and the French government was making overture for an armistice. As France neared collapse, Italy declared war on France and Great Britain on June 10. As the Germans advanced, the French government fled from Paris in confusion. The Prime Minister resigned and was replaced by a retired army general, P�tain, who signed an armistice with the Germans. The French army was but to pieces and in June 1940, France surrendered. ...read more.

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