• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gandhi's beliefs.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Point 6. Gandhi's beliefs. Ahimsa (non-violence)was the highest virtue. By non-violence, Gandhi meant not just the absence of violence, but also loving concern for all life. He believed that truth could be known only through tolerance and concern for others, and that finding a truthful way to solutions required constant testing. He taught that to be non-violent required great courage. Gandhi overcame fear in himself and showed others how to overcome fear. Gandhi developed a method of direct action based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, called satyagraha (truth-force). the method was used against British rule, it gave rise to what was called civil disobedience. Gandhi used satyagraha to fight for India's independence, and bring social change. The satyagraha aims at winning over an opponent through love and self-sacrifice. The satyagrahi must never exploit an opponent's weakness. ...read more.

Middle

In speeches and writing used everyday language that was simple to understand. Gandhi's independence campaigns. In 1915, Gandhi returned to India from South Africa. Within five years, he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. In 1919, the British imperial government introduced the Rowlatt bills to make it unlawful to organize opposition to the government. Gandhi led a satyagraha campaign that succeeded in preventing passage of one of those bills. The other was never enforced. Gandhi called off the campaign when riots broke out. He then fasted to impress the people with the need to be nonviolent. Point 5. Turning point. His belief in the cruelty of imperial rule became more intense after the Amritsar Massacre of April 13, 1919. A British general ordered his men to fire on an unarmed crowd almost 400 Indians were killed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gandhi's life was guided by a search for truth, he helped to free India from British rule by a unique method of non-violent resistance, and is thought of by Indians as the father of their nation. Although Gandhi was small he had great physical and moral strength. He was assassinated by an Indian who resented his programme of tolerance for all creeds and religions. Albert Einstein said "Generations to come will scarcely believe that such a one as this walked the earth in flesh and blood." The dominance of British military power severely reduced the independence of some rulers. Others lost their land completely to the British. Those who were allowed to continue as rulers had their foreign policy closely controlled by British political agents, called residents, and were not allowed to keep large armies. The political unity created by the British in India was welcomed by many enlightened Indians. So too were the moves toward social reform, and the institution of European-style education, based on the use of English. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Decolonisation in India.

    None of these ingredients were accidentally thrown in or hit upon at the last-minute. Indeed, all of them were determined well before the onset of global war and were historically based in the evolution of Labour's Indian policy. Emerging first in a series of memoranda, which Attlee compiled while on

  2. Party system in India

    thus in the 1980 elections the Congress party once again gained power as it appeared to be the only coherent party. The 1980s was a period of great flux. It saw the emergence of more and more new parties. Several National and regional parties were born.

  1. personal exercis programme

    I was then timed for one minute. I pushed my body up with my hands, bringing my body high as possible and then lower my body to my partner's fist at my chest. This then counted as one push-up. My partner counted how many sit-ups I could do in one minute.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    She aimed to induce a revolution from above, which would penetrate the lower tiers of Whitehall. She wanted her top lieutenants to engender into the lower ranks a whole new approach to going about their daily business. The emphasis was to be on efficiency, accountability and cost-cutting.

  1. Critically examine how Mahatma Gandhi used the concept of non-violence as a practical tool ...

    crucial positions to withdraw their labour and to refuse to buy foreign clothes and alcohol (ibid.). Gandhi's campaign's had international support from other imperial possessions. In 1916, when armed Irish Republican's rose in revolt against the British, revolutionaries in Bengal took up the slogan 'England's difficulty (meaning World War One)

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    soil together, it was in Samarin's view 'a union of the people who have renounced their egoism'.... So, in the commune, the individual is not lost but renounces his exclusiveness in favour of the general accord - and there arises the noble phenomenon of harmonious, joint existence of rational being...'

  1. Apartheid in South Africa.

    1879 British forces defeated the Zulu. 1886 Large gold deposits were discovered in the Witwatersrand, near Johannesburg. 1899-1902 Britain annexed the Transvaal region (the South African Republic) and the Orange Free State after bitter fighting during the Boer War. 1910 The Union of South Africa was founded as a dominion of Britain.

  2. Reflections on Gandhi (1949).

    The British Conservatives only became really angry with him when, as in 1942, he was in effect turning his non-violence against a different conqueror. But I could see even then that the British officials who spoke of him with a mixture of amusement and disapproval also genuinely liked and admired him, after a fashion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work