• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gandhi's beliefs.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Point 6. Gandhi's beliefs. Ahimsa (non-violence)was the highest virtue. By non-violence, Gandhi meant not just the absence of violence, but also loving concern for all life. He believed that truth could be known only through tolerance and concern for others, and that finding a truthful way to solutions required constant testing. He taught that to be non-violent required great courage. Gandhi overcame fear in himself and showed others how to overcome fear. Gandhi developed a method of direct action based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, called satyagraha (truth-force). the method was used against British rule, it gave rise to what was called civil disobedience. Gandhi used satyagraha to fight for India's independence, and bring social change. The satyagraha aims at winning over an opponent through love and self-sacrifice. The satyagrahi must never exploit an opponent's weakness. ...read more.

Middle

In speeches and writing used everyday language that was simple to understand. Gandhi's independence campaigns. In 1915, Gandhi returned to India from South Africa. Within five years, he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. In 1919, the British imperial government introduced the Rowlatt bills to make it unlawful to organize opposition to the government. Gandhi led a satyagraha campaign that succeeded in preventing passage of one of those bills. The other was never enforced. Gandhi called off the campaign when riots broke out. He then fasted to impress the people with the need to be nonviolent. Point 5. Turning point. His belief in the cruelty of imperial rule became more intense after the Amritsar Massacre of April 13, 1919. A British general ordered his men to fire on an unarmed crowd almost 400 Indians were killed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gandhi's life was guided by a search for truth, he helped to free India from British rule by a unique method of non-violent resistance, and is thought of by Indians as the father of their nation. Although Gandhi was small he had great physical and moral strength. He was assassinated by an Indian who resented his programme of tolerance for all creeds and religions. Albert Einstein said "Generations to come will scarcely believe that such a one as this walked the earth in flesh and blood." The dominance of British military power severely reduced the independence of some rulers. Others lost their land completely to the British. Those who were allowed to continue as rulers had their foreign policy closely controlled by British political agents, called residents, and were not allowed to keep large armies. The political unity created by the British in India was welcomed by many enlightened Indians. So too were the moves toward social reform, and the institution of European-style education, based on the use of English. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Decolonisation in India.

    on the pace of termination; there was nothing to slow progress down, no fine print, no open conditions, no military treaty, no insistence on dominionhood as a preliminary stage of freedom; and finally a genuine plenipotentiary in Mountbatten was sent out with the authority to bring British rule to its appointed end.

  2. Party system in India

    1977-1989 The next phase in the evolution of India's party system may be considered from the defeat of the Congress in the 1977 elections and the emergence of a non-Congress government, the Janata Government which ruled during 1977-1980, at the centre for the first time.

  1. personal exercis programme

    not bring your heart rate into the target zone therefore there will be the need to change the programme so that the individual is reaching a higher target zone. The 'Overload' principle will help with this. 'Overload' is when you make your body work harder in order to progress.

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    The influence of Western capitalism horrified the Slavophils. It was not the technological advances that worried them - many of them were in fact improving landlords - but they hated the idea of a landless proletariat divorced from any prospect of landowning.

  1. Civil Service Reform.

    by Sir John Woodcock in his report on 'The Escape from Whitemoor Prison on Friday 9th September 1994'. Sir John found that 'There exists at all levels within the Service some confusion as to the respective roles of Ministers, the Agency Headquarters and individual Prison Governors.

  2. Critically examine how Mahatma Gandhi used the concept of non-violence as a practical tool ...

    crucial positions to withdraw their labour and to refuse to buy foreign clothes and alcohol (ibid.). Gandhi's campaign's had international support from other imperial possessions. In 1916, when armed Irish Republican's rose in revolt against the British, revolutionaries in Bengal took up the slogan 'England's difficulty (meaning World War One)

  1. Reflections on Gandhi (1949).

    The British Conservatives only became really angry with him when, as in 1942, he was in effect turning his non-violence against a different conqueror. But I could see even then that the British officials who spoke of him with a mixture of amusement and disapproval also genuinely liked and admired him, after a fashion.

  2. Notes on Gandhi.

    registration if the Registration Act is repealed, is physically attacked by those who believe he had betrayed the Indian cause 1909 Continues Satyagraha campaign against the Registration Act in Transvaal; visits England; seeks to influence British opinion 1909, November Writes Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule 1913 Indian marriages in South Africa are invalidated by the Supreme Judgement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work