• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Government Policies aimed at reducing poverty in the UK

Extracts from this document...


Government policies have significant impact on reducing poverty. However in recent years Britain suffered from a recession leading to economic problems. Thus the effect their polices have require further analysis. The most common way to measure poverty is by the Household below average income report. According to this report, a household earning less than 60% of the national median income is in poverty. It shows 20% of British children are in poverty. However in some parts it's higher, such as Springburn, Glasgow where it is 50%. One way the government tries to reduce poverty is through benefits. The child benefit is a universal benefit of �20.30 per week for all parents with a independent child (ren). However, this will be scrapped for anyone earning over �44 000 per year in 2013. ...read more.


However, labour believed the best way to tackle poverty was to get people into employment. Thus came up with a policy to make employment more attractive. In 1998 the government introduced the National Minimum Wage (NMW) meaning employees could not be paid under a certain wage. The wage is adjusted every year and is currently sat at �6.08 per hour for over 21's. However trade unions argue this is a "poverty wage" and demands an increase. However Ed Milliban argues "jobs must come before wage increase." In 2001 it was suggested the NMW had achieved one of its goals by decreasing the unemployment rate. It has decreased from 6.8% in 1997, the year before NMW, to 5% in 2001. ...read more.


Although Tony Blair's promise that he would end child poverty wasn't fully fulfilled, Labour did manage to reduce the number of children living in low-income households from 4.3 million in 1997 to 3.7 million in 2001. However as the governments main focus was trying to reduce child poverty, adults with no dependent children received less assistance and as a result people in this category living in low-income households raised from 3.6 million in 1997 to 3.9 million in 2002. Therefore, although benefits managed to reduce child poverty, they failed to prevent the number of working adults in low income households increasing. Thus benefits are only effective in reducing poverty to a certain extent. In conclusion, although the government failed to prevent a recession and a rise in unemployment, their benefits have helped thousands of children in poverty. Thus recent government policies that attempt to reduce poverty have been successful. Make smaller! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies ...

    The communist party, at the time of the General Election, had 18,000 members, however it also had a newspaper with a daily circulation of 80,000, but this still did not strengthen their position as they were still in need of a lot more support if they were to gain power, the same as the B.U.F.

  2. The position of the New Labour government with Tony Blair ahead of that government.

    Contrary to this, Democratic Socialists (especially the Attlee government for the first time in peacetime) accepted the mixture of private and state ownership of industry and services and increased the Trade Unions power and influence, so that it could give workers more power.

  1. "Jarrow's problems were caused by the policies of the National Government".

    Although the unemployment problem was very serious before 1931, it became worse afterwards, and the National Government did nothing to help.

  2. The Uk policy making process.

    at the Report Stage of a Private Member's Bill any MP can able amendments even if they have previously been rejected in the Committee Stage. Another difference is that Private Member's Bills are not allowed to propose the introduction of any tax.

  1. Personalities not policies

    While Labour had gained, 48.8% of the vote while only gaining 295 seats. This was due to the 'first past the post electorate system'. The policies in this respect of consensus were improving housing, maintaining full employment, continuing on with the welfare state.

  2. Conflict Analysis: Angola

    Furthermore the middlemen in the arms and diamond trades have a big interest in keeping a chief client in conflict. 4) Symptoms The Government of Unity and Reconciliation (GURN), inaugurated on 11th April 1997, saw the introduction of some UNITA members into office.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work