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History Coursework Assignment South Africa 1945-1994

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Introduction

History Coursework Assignment South Africa 1945-1994 Mandela wanted blacks to be treated just as fairly as whites. He wanted to be as equal as the whites, to have the same laws and have the same privileges as whites. Mandela formed a group called the ANC (African National Congress) to fight Dr Veorwoerd and his government over apartheid laws. The laws determined where members of each group could live, what jobs they could hold, and what type of education they could receive. Laws prohibited most social contact between races, authorized segregated public facilities, and denied any representation of nonwhites in the national government. Blacks had to live in dirty, unclean areas. Nelson Mandela was sick of these apartheid laws so he was willing to sacrifice his life, stand up for what he believed so that blacks could be treated just as fairly as whites. Apartheid was a vague policy when it was introduced but over the next few years became a tightly controlled way of life, which didn't only mean racial segregation but also white domination Nelson Mandela was born in 1918, he was a young black lawyer. ...read more.

Middle

Mandela stood up for what he believed in and did not back down, showing people that he was strong and willing to give up his life for what he believed in. Mandela's life in prison was harsh. He was firstly imprisoned in Robben Island Maximum Security Prison. Day after day, Mandela laboured in a lime quarry. Every 6 months the prisoners were allowed to write and receive 1 letter. But he still he did not back down. His prison life showed that he was prepared to give up a great part of his life for his beliefs and he was even known to refuse to leave unless action was taken to end apartheid. Most of the black population as well as many whites trusted Mandela as he was forgiving and didn't hold a grudge against the whites for how they treated he and other black and coloured people. Mandela was not violent but he still would not tell the ANC to stop being violent. Mandela knew that if he carried on being peaceful he would get nowhere and he would not end apartheid this way. ...read more.

Conclusion

In December 1989 de Klerk and Mandela met and the ban on the ANC was lifted. The government, under President F. W. de Klerk, released Mandela in February 1990 after lifting the ban on the ANC. Mandela assumed leadership of the ANC and led negotiations with the government for a new constitution that would grant political power to the country's black majority population. In 1991 the government repealed the last of the laws that formed the legal basis for apartheid. Political prisoners who had not committed violent crimes were released. It was also decided that the death sentence would be stopped. Nelson Mandela was voted President of South Africa in 1994. Mandela once said I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal, which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be it, is an ideal for which I am prepared to die. He said this on February 11th 1990, on his release from prison and, this is how Mandela's attitude was towards every person and towards his beliefs. ...read more.

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