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How important was religion as a factor in provoking the crisis of 1566?

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Introduction

History Essay Plan How important was religion as a factor in provoking the crisis of 1566? CLEARLY DEFINED SECTIONS!!!! Intro-Political Point-Constitution Point-Financial Point-Monarchical Personality Point-Substantiated Conclusion. Each point to be split into paragraphs: Intro Discuss complexities, set the scene - what was the crisis? Political Point 1st Para - Power vacuum - issue of religious reforms: heresy laws, Spain enforced inquisition in Netherlands. 2nd Para - Phillip preoccupied by Malta and The Moors. Defence of med was sole priority, not Netherlands. No financial or military help for Margaret of Parma. 3rd Para - Nobility tried to bridge vacuum - Egmont saw Phillip and thought he would liberalise tough laws, but Phillip was bluffing: calculated political ambiguity to blur issues. Tough for Margaret - no-win situation: so, break down of trust. 4th Para - evaluation with religion. The vacuum is political, yes: Phillip's political priorities lay else where, this caused the vacuum. ...read more.

Middle

Job of Church should be to help in time of need but Dutch Catholic Church was corrupt and inefficient (though Phillip wanted to reform it in a Catholic way). Inability of Church meant rise and return of Calvinism, stepping into the void. Highlighted the ineffectiveness of Catholic Church, so real tension. Much iconoclasm, de-mystification of Church = ideal for Calvinists. Viable alternative for middle-classes. 2nd Para - Evaluation with religion. Well, finance/economics and the general misfortune was important (certainly a revisionist view), but the religious aspect and follow-on from those problems were more important as they highlighted people's frustrations more and allowed those frustrations to be channelled in one area, causing more problems and being more provocative. Monarchical Personality Point. 1st Para - Phillip wanted to make decisions on everything, so needed advise on topics he didn't know about. Hence, factions vying for political power and influence were emerging. ...read more.

Conclusion

military defence in the Med against The Moors and their threat - reconquista: religiously based (Holy War). Another example: The people of the Netherlands did not like the anti-Calvinist Heresy Laws. They rebelled against them through the Petition that ultimately saw the Lower Nobility have greater autonomy and city Magistrates actively work against Royal prerogative. These were political problems, but were borne out of religious issues - the heresy laws were anti-Protestant legislation and with the return of Calvinism (caused by the void as a result of the Church's corruption - *the bad winter of 1565 and the unemployment/death) - when people needed the Church the most) they did not mutually coexist very well. 2nd Para - Therefore, religion was the MOST important factor. There were other factors (list them), all important, but at the same time ALL were linked to the various religious issues, and not vice-versa. For example, to illustrate the idea, there was not a religious problem because of a political problem, but there WAS a political problem due to a religion one. ...read more.

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