• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the part played by de Gaulle in the granting of independence to Algeria?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How important was the part played by de Gaulle in the granting of independence to Algeria? Charles de Gaulle played a vital role in the decolonisation of Algeria. There were a number of factors that lead up to independence of Algeria for example the FLN. The FLN were the foundation of the nationalist movement, after seeing France occupied by Germany in the Second World War the Algerians realised that the French were not unbeatable, and set about to over throw the French and reclaim their country, which was occupied by both colons and the French army. In order to try and gain independence the FLN resorted to terrorism starting in 1954, attacking European settlements, their tactics were responded to with a massive show of force by the French Army. They had previously been defeated in Indo-China in 1940, Vietnam in 1954 and the Suez in 1956. They were determined to defeat the rising opposition. Their actions were aggressive and overpowering. Whole villages were arrested and their citizens tortured. The majority of Algerians had previously kept out of the action and stayed quiet, however the French Armies actions had a reverse effect, instead ...read more.

Middle

By 1958 the situation in Algeria had reached a stalemate, neither the French Army or the FLN were willing to surrender, and it became clear that no side would win the war. Although the Army had managed to reduce the FLN by arresting its leaders and killing its men, it was not defeated, it was always present and could and would rise up at any time. It could be argued that the terror tactics of the FLN failed, however it is obvious that they were successful, but it terror alone would not win them their independence; it needed another factor to help them along. That factor came in the form of Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle was a well respected was hero who had been in retirement since 1946, the army were confident in him, and he had the support of the public and the government in France. On the 1st June 1958 de Gaulle became instated as leader of France, he was given the power to rule by decree for 6months and the authority to introduce a new republic, ending years of political instability in France. ...read more.

Conclusion

The date for the referendum was set for January 8th 1961, again the FLN boycotted the vote, as a date had not been set for their independence and they wanted to maintain pressure. Only 60% of the Algerians turned out to vote, but of them 75% voted in favour of self-rule. By this time independence was inevitable, there was no way to reverse the process. FLN support was diminishing as people saw that the French were slowly giving in, and terror tactics were no longer necessary. The Evian agreement was made on the 20th May 1961 after many negotiations, De Gaulle had stalled the process by trying to keep possession of the Sahara, however after reaching a stalemate he gave in to the FLN, abandoning French demand. On March the 18th 1962 the Algerians had finally gained their independence. General de Gaulle had acted as a catalyst in the process. It is almost definite that without the stalemate of 1958 between the Army and the FLN, he would not have been involved in the crisis. However as things turned out he was the main factor in the granting of independence, he handed the Algerians their freedom after a long fight. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The media plays an important role in society. What is its role and to ...

    own publishing power to influence people to buy their product and not anyone else's, there is a huge market in the advertising industry. Examples of influential advertisements used are on: Bill boards, Flyers, Emails, TV, Radio, Endorsements and Post. These are all examples of advertisement and where it is most commonly used.

  2. Devolution, is the granting of power by a superior authority to a minor authority. ...

    The most public anger came over the summer 2000 exam results whereby some pupils got the wrong results and others did not get any and faced the prospect of not going to a university of their choice as they did not have the entry grades.

  1. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    Nelson Mandela was involved in the main resistance against apartheid, the African National Congress, or ANC for short. This large political group in South Africa was involved in many protests against apartheid since its formation in 1912. Mandela joined the Youth League of the ANC in 1944 but had doubts about his commitment to the party.

  2. How far were Gandhi's actions after 1920 responsible for Indiagaining her independence in 1947?

    Gandhi's role can be seen in two ways; on the one hand, ultimately it was he who called off the civil disobedience campaign in India and called for parity and calm because the campaign had deviated from what it was supposed to achieve.

  1. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    He was thorn to the British rule in India. His weapon was the non-violent civil disobedient campaign. Gandhi persuaded many of his followers to use non-violent protests. They had sit-down strikes, they refused to work, they refused to pay their taxes etc. If the British reacted in a heavy-handed manner, it only made the British look worse; essentially, the

  2. Indian Independence Coursework.

    'How can we fight for democracy when we have not got it ourselves?' Source B, from the autobiography of Jawaharlal Nehru. He probably wrote it in 1939, the year WW2 started because he is referring to how Indians are sent to war without the slightest reference to them.

  1. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    In 1965, Smith declared Rhodesia as an independent, white-led republic without British consent. This garnered widespread criticism and Ian Smith's government was not recognized by other international governments. Frequent violent protests by ZANU under Mugabe, who was now a famous and respected politician, and condemnations from foreign governments, forced Smith to revert from his stance.

  2. Choosing 2 Events/Problems, explain how important a role apartheid played in causing these problems.

    However, the students fought hard with anything that came to hand. Sticks, rocks, bricks, even schoolbags were used to attack the police. Heavily outnumbered and unable to protect themselves from the increasing ferocity of the attacks, the police fled to regroup.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work