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How important was the role of the government in securing "Victory" on the Home Front in Britain?

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How important was the role of the government in securing "Victory" on the Home Front in Britain? "The romance of it, the mystery and uncertainty of it, the glowing enthusiasm and lofty idealism of it: of our own free will we were embarked on this glorious enterprise, ready to endure any hardship and make any sacrifice, inspired by a patriotism newly awakened by the challenge of our country's honour. Nothing could have been more romantic than our passing out into the open sea." Private Thomas Bickerton, Royal Sussex Regiment, interviewed (1978) In 1914, the devastating war had begun and the Western Front had been formed. However, the most important front to win for the Government was the Home Front. The fight of the Home Front was for the support of the Nation and the Government was not going to achieve this over night. This fight was won, helped by the overwhelming sensation of National Duty and pride, which made it easier, yet also harder for the Government to be victorious. The usage of propaganda, rationing, conscription and the unexpected use of women helped Britain to glory and peace. ...read more.


By the end of 1916, U-German boats were on average destroying about 300,000 tons of shipping a month. In February 1917, the German Navy sank 230 ships bringing food and other supplies to Britain. The following month a record 507,001 tons of shipping was lost as a result of the U-boat campaign. However, Britain was successful at increasing food production and the wheat harvest of 1917 was the best in our history. On 8th August 1914, the House of Commons passed the Defence of the Realm Act (DORA) without debate. The legislation gave the government executive powers to suppress published criticism, imprison without trial and to commandeer economic resources for the war effort. During the war, information, which was seen as useful to the enemy, either obtained directly or indirectly was seen as a criminal offence. This included any description of war and any news that was likely to cause any conflict between the public and military authorities. DORA was also used to control civilian behaviour. This including regulating alcohol consumption and food supplies. In October 1915 the British government announced several measures they believed would reduce alcohol consumption. ...read more.


This, over-patriotic, created more harm to the government lessening the easy of wining the Home Front. In 1916 the Clyde Workers' Committee journal, The Worker, was prosecuted under the Defence of the Realm Act for an article criticizing the war. William Gallacher and John Muir, the editors were both found guilty and sent to prison. Gallacher for six months and Muir for a year. The Clyde Workers' Committee was formed to campaign against the Munitions Act, which forbade engineers from leaving the works where they were employed. On 25th March 1916, the authorities under the Defence of the Realm Act arrested David Kirkwood and other members of the Clyde Workers' Committee Then men were court-martialled and sentenced to be deported from Glasgow. These types of anti-war and patriotic groups produced tension and problems for the British government. However this did not stop the British government from wining the Home Front. Yet without a sense of national pride and hope the Home Front would have been a failure. The role of the government was very important in securing victory. The clever political and social developments that the country went through secured a high moral and a sense that every man, woman and child was needed for the war effort. ...read more.

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