• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Peel's ministry of 1841-1846.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was Peel's ministry of 1841-1846 Within Peel's second ministry there were many difficulties. This included pressure groups, such as the Anti Corn Law League and significant leaders such as O'Connell. There were also problems with the party such as the backbenchers. However, there were some success, which included the budgetary policy and social policy. Reforms were Peel's main success in his second ministry, even though some led to divisions in his party. When Peel became Prime Minister he brought about many changes, such as the 'Condition of England' question, political reform and the repeal of the Corn Laws. However, Peel was elected to create no changes in the political system or the established rights of the Church of England. Hence, when he became Prime Minister he turned his back on this. Peel was trying to solve the problems created by the Whig government as well as balancing out what the party said. However, Peel was a man that moved with the times. For example, Sir Robert Peel made a variety of reforms in Irish policies. This included religious reforms. This included the Maynooth Grant increase and the Charitable Banquet Act. The 1845 Maynooth Grant increased to $26,000 a year and a building grant of $30000. This was a success. The Charitable Bequests Act encouraged private bequests and endowments to the Catholic Church. ...read more.

Middle

This Act outlawed underground work for women, girls and boys under 10 (rather than Ashley's original proposal of 13). Graham's Factory Bill of 1843 was dropped following Nonconformist opposition to the leading role given to the Anglican clergy in the proposed schools. The bill attempted to regulate hours of work for children, and to provide them with schooling. Finally, both Peel and Graham accepted orthodox political economy and sympathised with the mill owners' case. Peel believed that prosperity was the best way to remove social problems, not legislation. Finally, Business confidence and regulation was another success for Peel. This included three major acts. This included; the Bank Charter Act of 1844, the Companies Act of 1844 and the Railways Act of 1844. The Bank Charter Act aimed to increase confidence in the banking system by giving grater control over bank note issue, the Companies Act set out to regulate and control 'reckless speculation'. The Railways Act increased government powers of regulation an inspection and protected the interests of pooper trailers. One of Peel's responsibilities as Prime Minster was to explain and defend his policy in the House of Commons. While Peel tried to repeal the Corn Laws, he failed to do this, because he did not argue enough why he wanted this. Corn Laws and Maynooth was his biggest political blunders. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result, Peel ignored his backbenchers and got full support from the cabinet. For example Maynooth grant increase of 1845. Even though this reform was successful, it brought Peel down as many Party members had been elected in 1841 to protect the Church of England form further attack. This is because their government was now preparing to offer Roman Catholicism in Ireland. Rebel backbenchers rejected the worldly Conservative arguments that justified the policy. This because they felt betrayed. Peel could not poise with religion with foreign matter without being punished. There are two finial reasons why the backbenchers were resentful. One was that many of Peel's backbenchers held a very different view on the role of the role of government, and did not feel that his polices were 'Conservative' at all. The second reason was that they would be 'followers in drill'. These feeling were shown during the 1844 session with its controversies over factory reform and alteration of sugar duties. To conclude Peel's second ministry it was successful in the sense, Peel helped the nation. However, this was not enough to survive as party leader. Peel had listened to his party members he may have survived. This is because it would have stopped the resentment from growing. Also after 1841 he was seen as much of an opportunist. This widened the gap between leader and party. It also that Peel very much believed that nation came before party and hence, led to his downfall. Anjna Galliara 12K Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    They too produced successful publications, such as the Poor Man's Guardian, which attracted a readership of over 16 000. These publications were so influential that the Whig government tried to close down all radical journals. It hoped to do this by imposing a stamp duty on such publications, thus making them unaffordable to the working class.

  2. The weakness of the Whig government from 1835-1841 was the most important reason for ...

    This clearly proved that Peel was a better leader than the Whigs. Peel was much stronger at negotiating and keeping the public happy. Peel even had the Church of England on his side as he had stated in the Tamworth manifesto about protecting the established religion.

  1. How successful was Lord Liverpool in responding to radical challenge from 1812-1822?

    the corn laws proves this but also the abolition of income tax in 1816 was a measure which benefited the rich but, because it led to a large increase in indirect taxes on tea, sugar, tobacco, beer and salt, which was harmful to the poor.

  2. How successful was Peel's Ministry 1841-1846?

    The '1842 Budget' aimed to appeal to the rich through a sense of justice and self preservation, at the same time as showing the poor there was a fairer system. Peel boldly reintroduced income tax for 3years which affected those with annual incomes of �150 or more.

  1. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    We have looked at the economic and social reasons for the differing opinions on the repeal and thus the split in the party but it is now important to look at the role the man who suggested the repeal played.

  2. "The defeat of the Whigs in 1841 was solely the result of their own ...

    As essential part of this was the deliberate movement of the Tories into the reforming ground previously a preserve of the Whigs. Thus, according to Llewellyn, it must have seemed by 1837 that 'the Whigs were becoming less Radical and more "conservative" and that the Conservatives under Peel were becoming more "liberal"'.

  1. How far were the Anti Corn Law League responsible for Peel's repeal of the ...

    the ACLL called for total and immediate repeal and Peel could not be seen to be giving in to extra-parliamentary pressure. On 15 May 1846 112 Conservatives, several Whigs and free traders passed the repeal of the Corn Laws. It was said that "the repeal of the Corn Laws in

  2. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    ranguri, �n acest sistem, ei fiind reprezentantii puterii obstesti, put�nd fi schimbati la r�ndul lor din functiile detinute. Mill atrage �nsa atentia asupra metehnelor acestei idei despre libertate subliniind faptul ca se pot usor �nregistra acte de tiranie ale obstei asupra ei �nsisi prin oprimarea grupurilor minoritare din cadrul unei

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work