• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was the national government in dealing with problems that it faced?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was the national government in dealing with problems that it faced? The national government was formed in 14th August 1931 as a temporary way to govern. The national government was brought about in an extreme financial emergency to balance the budget and keep the currency. Increase taxation, lifting the standard rate of income tax by 2.5% managed to balance the budget and negotiate loans but forced Britain off the over valued gold standard when the pound fell from $4.86 to $3.40. The national government was formed to combat the great depression. Between 1931 - 35 economic issues were at the forefront of policies. ...read more.

Middle

Protection was also another policy in which free trade would be scrapped and protection introduced to keep British industry. Britain managed to pull out of the depression but it was slow. Unemployment levels were at 2.5 million during 1931 and stood at 1.6 during 1936. The recovery was only partial and not amount to a complete revival. The national government did not directly attack the problem of unemployment. Chamberlain as chancellor did not trust the ideas of Keynes. Chamberlain did not believe in large public works and felt that deficit financing and unbalanced budgets were not good. In the mid 1930s however there were signs of prosperity 2.7 million homes were built, largely without any state subsidy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another vital factor in British recovery is that fact that people began to spend to buy new consumer goods which created demanded and fuelled employment. When Chamberlain became prime minister in 1937, he was the most obvious and in many the only choice to succeed Baldwin. A revived Nazi Germany was threatening peace in Europe at this moment in time as war was focused in Abyssinia and Hitler sent troops into the Rhineland. Hitler had also let it know that he want re-unification with Austria and the incorporation of Germans in Germany, including those in Czechoslovakia and Poland. Under Chamberlain, Britain's policy was appeasement, in attempt to satisfy Hitler's aspirations and avoid a conflict, this was also MacDonald's and Baldwin's aim but Chamberlain pursued it much more actively. ?? ?? ?? ?? Minh Pritchard History Margaret Hill ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. To what extent was Northumberland more successful in solving mid Tudor political problems than ...

    At the same time, the repeal of the old laws left the county and urban authortities with much less power to deal with situations. Consequently, the government had helped to promote the very disorder that it was trying to avoid, it had undermined the confidence of the elite, who now felt themselves powerless to enforce order.

  2. How effective were the social reforms of the Labour Government of 1945-1951 in dealing ...

    Labour Chancellor Dalton said, "Full employment was the greatest revolution brought about by the Labour government". Some economic historians have suggested that full employment was mainly a result of the Marshall Aid from America, rather than the product of some miraculous Labour policy but it would appear churlish to deny

  1. Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies ...

    That same year, after the appeasement of Germany and the Nazis, the every growing threat of Hitler was becoming too great, so the National Government began British rearmament, which put �1.5 billion back into our economy as a way of trying to improve it and too prepare for conflict that seemed inevitable.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    However a study done by Kate Gardener on migrants households in Syllhet discovered that it was not so much returnees from the Middle East which brought back enhanced orthodox values of Islam into Bangladesh. Rather it was migrants who returned from the West, viz.

  1. How successful was the government of King Philip II of Spain?

    Yet Philip himself was not involved specifically and it only served as one of the many different bodies offering competing advice. Thus despite its aim it did not act as an over-riding form of centralising administration. Philip preferred the smaller specialised bodies such as the Councils of Aragon, Italy and

  2. 'Asses the success of the Liberals from 1906-1914 in dealing with their domestic problems.'

    difficult to deal with their problems as many reforms would have been rejected by the Conservative-based House. However, although the Parliament Act did improve the overall democratic situation in Britain, it had little real effect on the ordinary, industrial worker, suggesting that the Liberals were less concerned with domestic life

  1. How successful was Peel's 'Great Ministry' of 1841-46

    The lowering of tariffs was done by Peel because he believed in a certain group of people calling themselves the Manchester School. They believed that the tariffs on over 1200 commodities were hampering the growth of British industry. Peel was a believer in free trade and he also knew that

  2. "Weimar Republic governments were remarkably successful in dealing with the economic and political problems ...

    In this way very little decisions were made and it was extremely hard to decide on any one thing. This problem was also contributed to by the fact that so many of the parties held extremist views. This ranged from the German Communist party, to the Catholic Centre party, to the German National People's party.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work