• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successfully did the Conservatives manage the process of de-colonisation?

Extracts from this document...


How successfully did the Conservatives manage the process of de-colonisation? The Conservative government handled two processes of de-colonisation, Kenya and Malaysia; the latter being a selection of Southeast Asian countries grouped into a Federation for their own protection. The process of independence at the time was often marred by outbreaks of violence and resulted in political instability due to religious, racial or tribal differences. There are numerous examples, such as India (handled by a labour government in 1948) where religious differences resulted in up to 500,000 deaths, and many wars over disputed territory, such as Congo which suffered vicious fighting after having Independence granted by the Belgians in the late 1950's. Therefore when considering the successfulness of the Conservatives at de-colonisation this must be kept in mind. Problems for the Conservatives arose first in Kenya where protests began over land ownership and more local representation on the Legislative Council. Kenya held a white population of over 30,000 when the protests and demonstrations began in 1951. The white farmers held the best land and prohibited blacks from owning it. ...read more.


With this in mind, preparation for independence was inevitable, with the intermediate stage of setting up an internal self-government. The resulting free election inevitably gave power to Jomo Kenyatta and, with MacMillan already admitting that "nothing could be gained by delay, everything might be won by a sign of confidence", full independence came just three years later. The speed of this political transformation certainly ensured that relations between Kenya and Britain would remain constructive for many years to come, but it must have contributed to Kenya's poor economic state, with wide-scale poverty, political arrests and human rights abuses. Some have argued that if some power had been retained by Britain a gentle transition to full independence may have caused less problems. For example, some assistance in the form of establishing a competent civil service, or the arrangement of favourable loans, might have given the newly independent Kenya some hope of avoiding the political and economic upheaval that occurred in the aftermath of independence. However, it should be emphasised that the Conservatives' concern lay not with the Kenyans or white farmers but instead with its world reputation. ...read more.


Britain sent troops to Malaya to protect its borders and, within three years, Indonesia had given up its territorial claims, although Singapore had by then left the Federation. As with Kenya, the Conservatives realised that Britain could no longer afford to protect its overseas colonies. As a secondary world power it could not stem the tide of communism - only the USA might have the military power to do so. In living up to its pledge to ensure the security of Malaya it acted with integrity and earned the respect of these post-independence colonial states. However, Britain realised that its trading future lay in Europe, even if it continued to maintain links in the Far East through the Commonwealth. An orderly withdrawal must surely have been better than a rout? In conclusion, the process of de-colonisation in Kenya and Malaya did not unduly damage Britain's international reputation. Although it often put its own interests first, whether military, strategic, or economic, before making any decision, it had to adjust to a changing world where Russia and the USA would be the new super powers and Britain would simply play a walk-on role. Ian Chandler ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "The Colonisation of Africa was Inevitable in the Late Nineteenth Century" Discuss.

    foreign goods, which further decreased the number of markets for European goods. In order to evade social unrest at home (in particular in Great Britain because of non-resistant small family firms), due to the potential increase of unemployment, because of the potential necessity of decreasing industrial output, new markets had to be found.

  2. How and why did Federation occur?

    What forms of dispossession were carried out against Aboriginal People? * Aboriginals have a special link to the land. The early Europeans wanted to own the land. This resulted in Aboriginals being dispossessed (thrown off the land as well as a great number of massacres.

  1. Assess the Extent to which the Different Powers Prepared 'Their' African Colonies for Independence.

    The mixture of Bilateral treaties, inter-State organisations and French francs kept most state relations in check and a number of military agreements left mobile forces based permanently based in most of its former empire.8 An example of how much the French have maintained links to the old empire can be seen in the French national football team.

  2. INquisitorial Indonesia

    There is usually one single judge who acts as an impartial adjudicator and in some cases a jury of between 6 and 12 members of the public. The judge in an Australian trial enforces rules of evidence and procedure, decides questions of law, answers questions of the jury and in cases where there is no jury; produces a judgment.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    which placed the academic and administrative control of the University under the British government. 3. The strike of 1920 was significant for the development of student involvement in politics as they realised the effectiveness of student involvement in politics. It was to set the example for the students of the

  2. Democratic Processes.

    Liberal Democrats Liberals are "open minded, rational, freedom loving people" (classwork notes). This quote does explains the party very well, as it seems to be more relaxed on some issues that other parties are strong on. They believe that there should be equality for everyone and that people should more tolerant in accepting other people.

  1. The Uk policy making process.

    programmes, and so he deliberately asked very anodyne questions about agricultural policy. He was so successful in fact that perhaps only a couple of dozen backbench Labour MPs had the strategic awareness to realise what their Leader was doing; many were visibly bemused at his apparently weak showing in the Commons.

  2. Indian Independence Coursework.

    to a standstill during the war and needed to think more about Britain's recovery than any other country. It shows that Britain wanted to get out of India as soon as possible 'quite obviously impossible was to decide to continue our responsibility indefinitely', stated Cripps.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work