• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was Post war (WWI) Italy affected economically, politically and socially?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How was Post war Italy affected 05/10/02 economically, politically and socially? After the First World War "liberal" Italy was beset with numerous problems from many different aspects of the political system. This was due to what was called the, "mutilated victory". Italy had been left with over six, hundred, thousand dead, huge debts from the war leading to a dramatic financial change in Italian lifestyle and the rewards offered from the, "Treaty of St Germain" did not appease the Italian public nor their prime minister of their grievances. A majority of Italian public support had been achieved through the desire to win back Italia Irradenta from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The, "St Germain Treaty" was signed on the tenth of August 1919. It met all the nationalist demands returning Trentino, South Tyrol and Istria to Italy. ...read more.

Middle

Nationalists saw this as an opportunity to take a stand in the progress of Italian as a powerful nation and to rectify the liberal governments mutilated victory. This was headed by a man named Gabrielle d'Annunzio. He was an extremely right-wing in his political opinion, a very impressive public speaker and creator of public support. He is regarded was regarded as a serious contender to Mussolini's later achieved position. He marched on Fiume and captured the mainly Italian speaking port in September 1919. It emphasised the weakness of the liberal government in taking no stand towards d'Annunzio. Eventually he was removed from Fiume by the new Giolottian government in December 1920 yet by this time the effect of his stand had had lasting social effects in Italy towards the progress of fascism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The industrial boom during the war years had finished and left Italian industry in recession. There was permanent inflation and many Italians struggled to maintain their lifestyle especially the self-employed petty bourgeoisie who could not demand any wage increases through a trade union and were left to fend for themselves. The government had taken loans from people during the war and in returning the money inflation had dramatically lowered it's value many were left feeling exploited. Post-Italy was under fire from all directions the threat of socialist revolt had risen; the government had weakened and again changed hands from Orlando to Giollotti. The economy had been left in tatters with over two million demobilised soldiers left unemployed, increases in inflation. The mutilated victory and its repercussions had caused social change amongst Italians now leaning far more towards fascism or socialism. Italy was a divided nation with a angry public force inside. Italy was heading for change it was just a matter of how and how long. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What problems did Italy face after the First World War?

    I think that the political, social and economical problems after world war one helped Mussolini rise to dictatorship and the formation of the fascist system.

  2. To what extent are senior British civil servants still “anonymous, permanent and politically neutral?” ...

    The recommendation was for semi-autonomous agencies to be set up with responsibility for the day-to-day implementation of policy. These agencies were to be headed by a chief executive responsible for management within the boundaries of government policy, and accountable to the relevant minister.

  1. To what extent was there a 'post war consensus' between 1945-1970.

    and in 1957 when the Treaty of Rome was signed, moving the countries of Western Europe towards a Common Market, Britain were voluntarily excluded. By 1961 it had become necessary for Britain to rethink its foreign policy. Britains Trade with the Commonwealth had declined and trade with Europe increased.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    During the bienno rosso Italy seemed to be on the verge of a socialist revolution. The Political 'Right' Reacts Against the 'Socialist Threat' However, acceptance of Liberal rule was being undermined from the 'right' as well as the 'left'. The middle classes and other conservatives on the 'right' were terrified

  1. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    This further loss of confidence in the protection provided for them by their government would not have helped Mussolini to mould his people into the tight knit, proud, national community that he wanted. However overall, he appeared to be fairly successful in binding them together.

  2. The Yugoslav idea, the former Yugoslavia and its Social and Geographical Features

    The great Serbian educator Dositej Obradovic (1742-1811) wrote in 1783 in his Letter to Haralampije (the Triestine priest born in Ogulin) about some characteristics of the South Slavs: "Who does not know that the population of Montenegro, Dalmatia, Herzegovina, Bosnia, Serbia, Croatia, Slavonija, Srem, Backa, and Banat (except the Vlachs)

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    They formed the Dobama Asiayone (We Burman Association) was an offshoot of an organisation started by the University of Rangoon students, called the All Burmese Youth League which united with the Dobama Society. The term "Master" was used to address the British but the Thakins used it to emphasise their

  2. Mazzini's ideas and inspiration transformed attitudes to change in Italy in the 1830's - ...

    According to the Historian Dennis mack smith, Mazzini succeeded in 'defining the goal and arousing enthusiasm among practiced soldiers and statesmen'. He is therefore important, not so much for what he did as much for what he did, but for the way he inspired many young radicals in this period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work