• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was Post war (WWI) Italy affected economically, politically and socially?

Extracts from this document...


How was Post war Italy affected 05/10/02 economically, politically and socially? After the First World War "liberal" Italy was beset with numerous problems from many different aspects of the political system. This was due to what was called the, "mutilated victory". Italy had been left with over six, hundred, thousand dead, huge debts from the war leading to a dramatic financial change in Italian lifestyle and the rewards offered from the, "Treaty of St Germain" did not appease the Italian public nor their prime minister of their grievances. A majority of Italian public support had been achieved through the desire to win back Italia Irradenta from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The, "St Germain Treaty" was signed on the tenth of August 1919. It met all the nationalist demands returning Trentino, South Tyrol and Istria to Italy. ...read more.


Nationalists saw this as an opportunity to take a stand in the progress of Italian as a powerful nation and to rectify the liberal governments mutilated victory. This was headed by a man named Gabrielle d'Annunzio. He was an extremely right-wing in his political opinion, a very impressive public speaker and creator of public support. He is regarded was regarded as a serious contender to Mussolini's later achieved position. He marched on Fiume and captured the mainly Italian speaking port in September 1919. It emphasised the weakness of the liberal government in taking no stand towards d'Annunzio. Eventually he was removed from Fiume by the new Giolottian government in December 1920 yet by this time the effect of his stand had had lasting social effects in Italy towards the progress of fascism. ...read more.


The industrial boom during the war years had finished and left Italian industry in recession. There was permanent inflation and many Italians struggled to maintain their lifestyle especially the self-employed petty bourgeoisie who could not demand any wage increases through a trade union and were left to fend for themselves. The government had taken loans from people during the war and in returning the money inflation had dramatically lowered it's value many were left feeling exploited. Post-Italy was under fire from all directions the threat of socialist revolt had risen; the government had weakened and again changed hands from Orlando to Giollotti. The economy had been left in tatters with over two million demobilised soldiers left unemployed, increases in inflation. The mutilated victory and its repercussions had caused social change amongst Italians now leaning far more towards fascism or socialism. Italy was a divided nation with a angry public force inside. Italy was heading for change it was just a matter of how and how long. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What problems did Italy face after the First World War?

    I think that the political, social and economical problems after world war one helped Mussolini rise to dictatorship and the formation of the fascist system.

  2. To what extent was there a 'post war consensus' between 1945-1970.

    The six EEC countries experienced economic growth far higher than Britain and the United States were encouraging Britain to join so that it could act as a counterpoise to France and Germany. Both the Conservative Party in 1962 and the Labour Party in 1967 applied to join the EEC but were rejected by General de Gaulle.

  1. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    It has been suggested that there was still evidence of the north-south divide, and that politics was still full of scandal and corruption, but it did not seem to effect the population as it had done in previous years, which could indicate that feelings of nationalism were always there, it

  2. The Yugoslav idea, the former Yugoslavia and its Social and Geographical Features

    This is evident from the quarrel between Sava Popovic Tekelija (1761-1841), the Serb from Timisoara, popular donator and president of Matica Srpska, with Captain Rade Vucinic, the envoy of Karadjordje, over the issue as to which one of them first mentioned to Napoleon I Buonaparta (1769-1821)

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    The Chinese dominated even the sale and distribution of batik textiles, a traditional stronghold of Javanese and Sumatran small businesses. The processing of rice, coconut, tapioca, kapok and kretek was also in Chinese hands. With their greater capital, business experience and wider contacts all over Southeast Asia, the Indonesians found

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    More confident after the success of the Bolsheviks in Russia the Socialist party had abandoned its commitment to gradual reform; the party was now dominated by revolutionaries who wished to overthrow the Liberal State and create a 'socialist republic'. In August 1919 the PSI had published a Socialist Manifesto setting out this aim.

  1. Mazzini's ideas and inspiration transformed attitudes to change in Italy in the 1830's - ...

    He gave their Liberalism new favour and optimism that kept the country alive until 1848 in the face of adverse circumstances. Mazzini spent 40 years abroad and ignored the peasants so the peasants didn't pay as much attention to his work. Carlo Catteneo had similar views to Mazzini on unification.

  2. Is Legalization a Realistic Alternative to the War on Marijuana?

    These statistics would make one wonder why the government has not yet allowed the paper industry to turn to industrial hemp as a source for its products. It provides the same yield of paper, using 78% less of the land.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work