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In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how these dates have affected health and social care provisions.

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Introduction

Kirsty Metcalfe In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how these dates have affected health and social care provisions. In this task I am going to examine and describe how the welfare state was invented and developed since 1945. The welfare state as we know it today was a far cry from the Elizabethan England where people were offered no security and, in desperation, were forced to beg the streets in order to survive. In these times only the very minimum security was offered to the elderly, however the unemployed were left to starve to death. There was no particular change in these laws until the industrial revolution, which was an important period in the social history of Britain. The industrial revolution marks the change of agriculture to factory production work. This caused serious problems for the people of Britain as many jobs, which was done by hand, such as weaving, where now being done by a machine, leaving many people unemployed. Also, there was a major shortage of houses due to people being forced to leave their homes to urban areas to be near the factories. In 1834 the poor laws were created in which it was declared that if people were unemployed it was by choice as the people who couldn't find a job were simply idle and the work was available if they really wanted it. ...read more.

Middle

After the family allowance act was passed the National insurance act 1946 began, offering a range of benefits to those who chose to contribute to it including sickness benefits, unemployment benefits, widow and maternity benefits. A follow on from this was the National Assistance act 1948 which introduced provisions to those who were not covered. One of the major successes of the Beveridge report was the creation of the National Health Service (NHS). Before the NHS, health services were provided through private, voluntary and care sectors, however the outbreak of the second world war cause the government to intervene and take control of Britain's Health care provisions. The National Health Service was set out by a key piece of legislation called the 1946 National Health Service act which set out the principle that free health care should be given universality. The National Health Service (NHS) was born on 5th July 1948. The NHS was based on three key principles, which were that services would be free at the point of delivery, it would cover all people in every area of the country and that access to the services would be based upon clinical needs rather than the ability to pay, which was extremely different to health care services before the NHS. ...read more.

Conclusion

Charges for dental care and prescriptions were increased, funding control was introduced to health care where budgets were given and must be stuck to. Many changes happened to the structure of the NHS including abolishing area tiers and disbanding the area health authorities. The conservative government effectively ended the universal approach to health and social services. After 3 terms in office, Margaret Thatcher- who had received the name of 'iron lady' retied and was succeeded by John Major, also a member of the Conservative party. In 1997 New Labour took power ending the 18-year Conservative rule. Under the control of Tony Blair, New Labour claimed to have found a ' third way'. It is Tony Blair's belief that work is the surest way out of poverty so the new welfare state is based on 'work for those who can and security for those who can't' the New Labour party has tried to combine the beliefs of the Old Labour party and the Conservative party to bring the public a welfare state that will work for everyone. The government still accepts it has a responsibility to support its citizens, yet the citizens must also support themselves. In recent years the government has being criticised for many decisions made concerning the welfare state, yet, in my opinion, the New Labour government has done a fair job in making the world a better place and creating equal opportunities despite social class or income group. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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