• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"It was economic issues much more than political ones that kept Britain out of the European Economic Community (EEC) before 1973," How convincing is this explanation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"It was economic issues much more than political ones that kept Britain out of the European Economic Community (EEC) before 1973," How convincing is this explanation? The EEC has always been a talking point with the governments in power of Britain from 1951 to the present day. The political and economic issues of Britain's entrance in to the EEC have been interpreted differently by different parties. My opinion would say that there are more political issues which kept Britain out of rather than the economic issues which seem to be less scarce. There are a lot more political reasons why Britain did not enter the EEC before 1973 and the main issue being the loss of sovereignty. Britain feared it would lose sovereignty to the EEC. A loss of sovereignty would erode parliament's ability to make law and parliament would lose the ability to keep effective checks on policy making, as the main legislation making process would be held in Brussels. The Shuman plan outlined that the member states would have to lose sovereignty before they began discussing the plans details. ...read more.

Middle

This is due to the fact that British industrialisation had been built on the back of the coal and steel industries, and labour had only just nationalised the industries which was a popular socialist policy. This political issue definitely was an issue why Britain was kept out of the EEC until 1973, although it was not all of Britain's decision making that kept them out. When Macmillan in 1961 and other Prime ministers tried to enter the EEC they had their applications vetoed by the French president general de Gaulle. De Gaulle wanted to lead Europe and he saw Britain as a threat to his leadership, he also wanted Europe free of American influence, politically he saw Europe as the 'Third Force' between the superpowers. When the Shuman plan began the French gave Britain 24 hours to decide if they were going to attend the talks which persuaded them to say no, this gave the impression that the French didn't want Britain. Britain's relationship with France was further frayed due to the Suez Crisis of 1956 where a lot of good feeling was lost between the two countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

As well as the political issues which I have outlined there were also economic reasons why Britain didn't join the EEC before 1973. Firstly Britain had the strongest industry at the time. Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison told the cabinet that 'the Durham miners won't wear it'. Any country with the strongest coal and steel industries would have the same view that they would want to share it with less prosperous countries. Linking in to my last point, The European economy was also very weak; Britain thought that it would have a detrimental effect and would bring the British economy down to the European level. In conclusion I believe that it was political issues more than economic issues that kept Britain out of Europe for over 20 years. Although the political decisions do lead on to create some of the economic issues the political issues are a lot more important. The two key issues are sovereignty and the idea of a capitalist Europe. These issues had a knock on effect and meant that Britain was never totally committed to Europe and consequently any applications over 10 years were vetoed by General de Gaulle. A Level - British History 27/09/04 Ian Keevil 13HD ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How much influence does the media have on the political process

    This brings us to the theory of opinion forming. In his article On Media Giantism William Safire describes the fast consolidation of ownership of radio stations and popular websites and the result is that "the great cacophony of different sounds and voices is being amalgamated and homogenized" [5].

  2. Multicultural Britain

    There was reasonably little migration into Britain, other than from Ireland and Russia, until New Commonwealth immigration began in the 1950s. Legislation in the early 1970s was intended to reduce this to a trickle. In practice, it continued at the rate of half a million acceptances for settlement every decade.

  1. Pakistan's Political and Economic Development

    strong bureaucracy led the way for feudal aristocrats and a group of rich professionals and merchants to carve policies.3 The policies initiated were favorable to the political elite rather than the ordinary people. This weak and hardly entrenched way of governance paved the way for the armed forces in the political structure of the nation.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    But added dimensions to welfare concerns related to women have been the result of systematic analyses of women's health in the face of traumatic situations. This has implications for physical, mental, and situational aspects of health. Feminist scholars have emphasized the longer lasting effects of the psychological dimensions of rape

  1. The development of political thought - John Locke

    had still in himself the great foundation of property... Thus labour, in the beginning, gave a right of property, wherever any one was pleased to employ it, upon what was common ... We must realize that Locke uses the term "property" to refer not only to land or goods, but

  2. The Mexican Economy

    Opposition parties exist, but not until the 1980's did they represent a serious challenge to the PRI. Chief among them is the Partido de Acci�n Nacional (National Action Party; PAN), a conservative, pro-Catholic group drawn primarily from the middle class and the Frente Democr�tico Nacional (National Democratic Front, FDN), a coalition of leftist opposition groups.

  1. Prospects for India's development

    Exhibit III.C.1 shows the lack of investment in all areas of India's infrastructure. This lack of investment has resulted in the following: * Telecommunications: The waiting list for basic telephone service amounts to 2.8 million. Current telephone penetration is 1.72% (i.e.

  2. Russia - political past, present and future

    When Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he understood that major reforms and repairs are needed in the system, to rescue the Soviet Union from an extreme downfall. He began an age known as perestroika and opened some freedom to make necessary reforms for improvement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work