• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Liberal politicians found it difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism because of the various problems in Italy which they did not tackle

Extracts from this document...


Why did liberal and democratic politicians find it difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism in the years 1919-1922? Liberal politicians found it difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism because of the various problems in Italy which they did not tackle. These include the widespread discontent over the result of the war and the 'mutilated' victory, the economic dislocation brought about by the war, the socialist threat in the two red years and the weaknesses of the Liberal Government itself. Italians turned to the Fascists because they promised to solve these problems and give Italy a strong government and make it powerful. One of the difficulties the Liberal Government faced in opposing the rise of Fascism was the response to the outcome of the Great War and the spread of nationalist feelings throughout Italy. Not only did Italy suffer great losses in the during war itself, for example the huge losses it suffered in the Battle of Capporetto , but it did not receive all the land it was promised before Italy entered the war in the Treaty of London. ...read more.


The liberals paid for it by borrowing money but by the end of the war Italy was 85 billion lire in debt, 4 times the 1914 figure. Also, the liberals paid for it by simply printing more money and in 1918 inflation rates rose 25% faster than wage rate. By 1919 the lire lost half its value. Also the reduction in the need for munitions after the way severely affected the war industries. This, together with the rapid demobilisation of troops caused unemployment to rise from 2 million to 5 million after the war. This economic dislocation gave the impression of a society on the verge of a breakdown which the Italians blamed the liberals for so it was difficult to oppose the rise of Fascism as people turned to the Fascists to solve the economic problems. A major reason why the liberals could not oppose the Fascists was the Biennio Rosso, the two red years. ...read more.


Parties opposed each other and the coalition system was not working because parties argued over how to act and so nothing got done. This was followed by the introduction of proportional representation in 1919 and universal male suffrage in 1918. In addition, the liberals did not do much to curb opposition. This is highlighted by the fact that when D'Annunzio seized Fiume with 2000 loyal nationalists the government did nothing until December 1920 and that too because of Giolliti's new government. The liberals themselves were weak and found it hard to oppose the rise of Fascism as the Fascists promised a stronger government. To conclude, the liberals and democrats found it difficult to stop the rise of Fascism because of the discontent over the war, the economic dislocation brought by it, the fear of socialism, and the weaknesses of the liberal government itself. The Fascists simple promised to solve the problems and offered a stronger government. The main reason why the liberals found it therefore is the fact that the liberals themselves were too weak to solve anything so the Italians chose the stronger Fascists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. 'We have made Italy, now we must make Italians' How successful had the Liberal ...

    The emergence of these new political groups, all appealing in different ways to a new electorate, meant that the Liberal system of coalition politics would be very much more difficult to sustain in the future. From 1903-14 Giovanni Giolitti, either as Prime minister or from behind the scenes, dominated politics.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    The result of this suffering was labour unrest (strikes and riots) on an unprecedented scale. During 1919 1 million Italians took part in strikes. The Liberal government appeared powerless as strikes and riots swept the cities and towns of north/central Italy during the biennio rosso ('two red years') of 1918-20.

  1. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    Major-General Shah Rafi Alam, respected in army circles as a strictly professional man was told by General Zia that he was being superseded for further promotion because he was known to strongly oppose the army's hanging on to power. The '65 war ace: Squadron Leader M M Alam (later Air Commodore)

  2. Describe the weaknesses of the Democratic Government in Italy in the years 1919-1922

    The Liberals and Socialists would not be able to co-rule successfully as the Liberals were made up of wealthy factory owners and the Socialists were the ones campaigning for a '8-hour working day' and were part of Trade Unions. The Socialists blamed the Liberals for war.

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    these roles with examples taken from the above situations as well as in the general context of women in situations of conflict in South Asia. Women as victims In the case of minority communities under attack in the present state of Bangladesh, minority women are especially targeted.

  2. Tips for politicians

    Focus upon the prime needs of the people. Rule 5: Concentrate on three issues, which are of interest to your voters - and stick to them. Often politicians overestimate the interest voters have in politics. While politicians are moving the whole day in the world of politics, for the average voter politics is only a small part of life - and normally not a particularly important one..

  1. What problems did Italy have before 1919?

    The Pope also influenced Catholics into not being part of the new Italian state because he lost a lot of power after he lost control of the Vatican city; therefore the church were now concerned about loosing their power within the rest of Europe.

  2. "Explain why many Liberal and Conservative politicians feared the consequences of the 1867 reform ...

    During 1850-60, there were five occasions in which Reform Bills were drawn up and then rejected. Four of these bills were drawn up by Lord John Russell, the pioneer of the 1832 Act but it was after this reform that he stated he was against any further changes to the system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work