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Limitation of Power in the New Government of the U.S.A.

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Gideon Platt 7x History paper Mrs. Bernstein Limitation of Power in the New Government of the U.S.A. In 1776, awoke a new country, The United States of America. The English, whose government imposed high taxes and made unfair laws that the colonists resented, had previously ruled these new citizens. What particularly bothered them was that they had no representation in the English Parliament. After claiming independence, these new citizens of the U.S. needed a way to prevent their country from becoming totalitarian. They wanted a free country where people could vote and have a say in government and life. They designed a system called separation of powers, which prevented one person or small group of the government from taking away the freedoms and rights from the people. Nevertheless, that was not enough for the founding fathers and so they made yet another system of government called checks and balances, which allows each branch to check the other branches and create a balance of powers so that no branch can overpower the others. ...read more.


(Newman 10 vol. 1, American Journey) Separation of powers was not enough for the founding fathers so they organized checks and balances. Checks and balances is when one branch passes a law and then the other two branches are able check and make sure that that branch is not doing something wrong. (Newman 10, vol. 1) The executive branch can check on the legislative branch by vetoing laws and can propose laws. The executive branch can check on the judicial branch by appointing federal judges. The legislative branch can check on the executive branch by declaring war, overriding a president's veto, and can even impeach president. The legislative branch can check on the judicial branch by proposing amendments to overrule judicial decisions. The judicial branch checks on the executive & legislative branches by declaring actions unconstitutional. (Lowi & Ginsberg 88) Separation of powers is very important. ...read more.


Once the judges say it is unconstitutional it stays. (Newman 11, vol. 1) (Newman 10, vol. 1) Separation of powers and checks & balances are both essential to prevent a totalitarian form of government which may eventually lead to a monarchy. They help greatly to support what this country represents, freedom. If the people feel that some of the old laws are no good anymore, through this system of checks and balances, they are able to try and have them amended. As I write, without separation of powers and checks & balances, this country might not be as we know it today. Note from writer: It is so difficult to form a government that not more than 200 years later became the strongest in the world. Yes it was, and I see and am in awe at how our "founding fathers" were able to form the perfect government in less then 20 years. ...read more.

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