• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Policies of the republican presidents of the 1920's. - Warren G. Harding

Extracts from this document...


Harding came into power in 1921, and started ordering his policies. He called for retrenchment in government, lowering of taxes and repeal of the wartime excess profit tax. Also reduction of railroad rates and the promotion of agricultural interests, a national budget system, a great merchant marine, and a department of public welfare. He was reluctant to assert the power of his office and did not get many corporations from Congress. His most permanent domestic accomplishment (in the house) was the development of the Bureau of the Budget. Harding gave praise for the Fordney-McCumber tariff act of 1922. This was a tariff that raised rates on manufactured goods to their highest level to that date. He reversed Wilson's practise of excluding from federal posts, and in Birmingham, ALA. In a speech of extraordinary boldness, he called for political, economic, and educational equality for the races. While he was in power the war boom had collapsed, wages had been cut, unemployment grew, and growing farm distress and the urban resentment of prohibition did not make him look good. ...read more.


He started paring the national debt and reducing income taxes, this would mean there would be more money for consumer spending. He made the civil and military aviation grow, expansion of the services of the departments of Agriculture and Commerce, regulation of radio broadcasting, development of waterways, flood control, and encouragement of co-operative solutions to farm problems. Twice, he blocked enactment of the McNary-Haugen bill, which proposed to dump farm surpluses abroad in the hope of raising domestic market prices. He objected to price-fixing features and its cost. Foreign Affairs Much of his time was absorbed in finding world peace. When the Geneva Naval Conference of 1927, which Coolidge sponsored, failed because of the refusal of France and Italy to participate and Anglo-American disagreement on what to disarm, the president was discouraged. He supported a multilateral declaration renouncing war as an instrument of national policy and agreeing to settle all disputes by pacific means. This was incorporated into international law through the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928. Coolidge also restored diplomatic relations with Mexico. ...read more.


In addition, the government's own policies, leading to a drastic decline in the money supply, may have hastened the slide into the depression. Hoover believed that the causes of the Great Depression were international and that the remedy for it must be sought in the same fashion. He therefore sponsored a moratorium in 1931 on inter-allied war debts. He was planning an international monetary conference in London when his election defeat intervened. Foreign Policies Hoover's foreign policy was also based on voluntary co-operation. His overtures to Latin America, in contrast to the traditional US imperialism in that area, foreshadowed the good neighbour policy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his secretary of state, Cordell Hull. He opposed retaliation against Japan for its invasion of Dongbei (1931), rejecting the idea that the United States had a responsibility to police the world. As an administrator, Coolidge was most successful. He demanded and got efficient and economical performance in government operations. He was instrumental in releasing the remaining political prisoners convicted under the Sedition Act during the Wilson administration. He also helped by his appointments to raise the level of competence among diplomats and federal judges. The most unsuccessful was Harding, who had many people after him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    nepotrivit" astfel ca opinia publica �nlocuieste anumite parti ale caracterului unei persoane cu ceea ce ea considera a fi bun �ndreptatit fara a tine seama de ceea ce doreste acea persoana sau de ceea ce este �ntr-adevar bun pentru individul respectiv.

  2. Calvin in Geneva

    The inhabitants of he city were seen to be decadent and "particularly unspiritual"; much remained to be done in the field of public morals. This helps enforce the notion that Calvin did not have much chance of surviving in Geneva for long, as the Genevans did not seem to be

  1. Personalities not policies

    The health of the economy was claimed to be the work of Butler, who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1951 and 1955. The economy was growing fast, which enabled Butler to reduce taxes and increase spending on the welfare at the same time, which helped to keep voters happy.


    Formulating and promoting action plans to fight corruption (c) Monitoring government's actions and decisions in an effort to reduce corruption. The Role of the Media A free and open media help expose levels of corruption by uncovering and shedding light on abuses. In transition economies on Eastern on Eastern and central Europe, greater openness felt by the media since

  1. The Advent of Imperialism

    This did not imply, at any rate until recently, hostility to individual foreigners or a reluctance to admit the goods or the ideas, which they sought to introduce. Arabs and other Asiatic races of the West had traded with China from very early times.

  2. Slavery in Latin America

    Chile broke relations with the Axis (1943) and declared war on Japan in 1945. Economic stability, the improvement of labor conditions, and the control of Communists were the chief aims of the administration of Gabriel Gonz�lez Videla, who was elected president in 1946. He ruled with the support of the Communists until 1948, when he gained the support of the Liberal party and outlawed the Communists.

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    Since leaving office, the former President has been faced (like many Latin American Presidents) with accusations of corruption and illegal arms sales, however despite being placed under house arrest, Mr Menem was sensationally freed by the Supreme Court, many of whom owe their selection to the judiciary to Carlos Menem.

  2. Prospects for India's development

    It is important to understand, however, the definition of an unemployed person so that we can conclude that such figure is heavily underestimated. As per India's criteria, unemployment rate is based on "usual status" defined as a person not working, and either seeking work or available for work in the major part of a reference year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work