• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Policies of the republican presidents of the 1920's. - Warren G. Harding

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Harding came into power in 1921, and started ordering his policies. He called for retrenchment in government, lowering of taxes and repeal of the wartime excess profit tax. Also reduction of railroad rates and the promotion of agricultural interests, a national budget system, a great merchant marine, and a department of public welfare. He was reluctant to assert the power of his office and did not get many corporations from Congress. His most permanent domestic accomplishment (in the house) was the development of the Bureau of the Budget. Harding gave praise for the Fordney-McCumber tariff act of 1922. This was a tariff that raised rates on manufactured goods to their highest level to that date. He reversed Wilson's practise of excluding from federal posts, and in Birmingham, ALA. In a speech of extraordinary boldness, he called for political, economic, and educational equality for the races. While he was in power the war boom had collapsed, wages had been cut, unemployment grew, and growing farm distress and the urban resentment of prohibition did not make him look good. ...read more.

Middle

He started paring the national debt and reducing income taxes, this would mean there would be more money for consumer spending. He made the civil and military aviation grow, expansion of the services of the departments of Agriculture and Commerce, regulation of radio broadcasting, development of waterways, flood control, and encouragement of co-operative solutions to farm problems. Twice, he blocked enactment of the McNary-Haugen bill, which proposed to dump farm surpluses abroad in the hope of raising domestic market prices. He objected to price-fixing features and its cost. Foreign Affairs Much of his time was absorbed in finding world peace. When the Geneva Naval Conference of 1927, which Coolidge sponsored, failed because of the refusal of France and Italy to participate and Anglo-American disagreement on what to disarm, the president was discouraged. He supported a multilateral declaration renouncing war as an instrument of national policy and agreeing to settle all disputes by pacific means. This was incorporated into international law through the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928. Coolidge also restored diplomatic relations with Mexico. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, the government's own policies, leading to a drastic decline in the money supply, may have hastened the slide into the depression. Hoover believed that the causes of the Great Depression were international and that the remedy for it must be sought in the same fashion. He therefore sponsored a moratorium in 1931 on inter-allied war debts. He was planning an international monetary conference in London when his election defeat intervened. Foreign Policies Hoover's foreign policy was also based on voluntary co-operation. His overtures to Latin America, in contrast to the traditional US imperialism in that area, foreshadowed the good neighbour policy of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his secretary of state, Cordell Hull. He opposed retaliation against Japan for its invasion of Dongbei (1931), rejecting the idea that the United States had a responsibility to police the world. As an administrator, Coolidge was most successful. He demanded and got efficient and economical performance in government operations. He was instrumental in releasing the remaining political prisoners convicted under the Sedition Act during the Wilson administration. He also helped by his appointments to raise the level of competence among diplomats and federal judges. The most unsuccessful was Harding, who had many people after him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How far were Gandhi's actions after 1920 responsible for Indiagaining her independence in 1947?

    The factors discussed in this essay all played a contributing role in India gained independence in 1947. India pushed forward for Swaraj26 because the nationalist movement believed that it had a right to govern its own people. Whilst individuals such as Gokhale and Tilak gave nationalism to the classes, as Spears concurred, Gandhi gave a nation to the country.

  2. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    last few years have politicians guilty of major corruption been jailed, although many such as Menem have been able to avoid prison. Having identified the main reasons to explain why corruption remains so prominent in Latin America, one must look at the ways that Latin American governments and their people are trying to combat corruption.

  1. Assess Mao's domestic policies

    It has been criticised for an attempt for Mao to segregate his loyal supporters from those who are secretly against him. His unusual leniency was due to his success with the Five Year Plan, but as soon as the criticisms were personal attacks on Mao himself, an impending period of terror began.

  2. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    sunt adevaruri esentiale exemplific�nd cazul mortii lui Socrate care a fost �nvinuit de impietate de catre niste oameni considerati evlaviosi, cetateni care credeau ca fac un bine statului din care faceau parte . De asemenea exemplul lui Saul din Tars - evreu ce apartinea clasei saducheilor si care beneficiase de

  1. Calvin in Geneva

    Roman Empire, with the help of it's Swiss neighbours, particularly the canton of Bern. Geneva had previously been under the rule of the House of Savoy, but the Genevans had allied themselved with Bern and successfully driven off their ineffective Bishop and abolished the old church.

  2. Personalities not policies

    However in 1957, resigns due to ill health, due to the pressures of Suez. Macmillan then comes into power, from 1957, having narrowly defeated Butler in the power struggle. Macmillan proved to be a smooth political operator and established a reputation for skillful political management.

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    There include rapid economic and social change, Strong kinship and ethnic ties, new institutions, overlapping and Some times conflicting views about what is public behavior, governmental monopoly over economic activities, political softness, widespread poverty and socio-economic inequalities, ignorance, Lack of Knowledge about individual entitlements, communal bonds, ambivalence towards legitimacy of

  2. The Advent of Imperialism

    Kipling and Mrs. Steel, hardly do more than present a quaint alluring atmosphere of unintelligibility; while study of The imperialism movement has over the years established a wider and more permanent internal peace than India had ever known from the days of Alexander the Great.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work