• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you agree with this statement? Explain. In 1948, the Apartheid system officially started. A Dr. Malan introduced it. He established the structure of Apartheid because he exclaimed different races could not live amongst each other in harmony and needed to live separately. Some might argue it was because he wanted to secure the supposed superiority of the White minority. It ended within 50 year of starting. This essay is going to explain how Nelson Mandela, once just a member of a small Black tribe in the depth of South Africa, fought Apartheid to become a worldwide figurehead for non- Whites, the first Black president of South Africa, in 1994. It will also explain to what extent his work stretched to end Apartheid and compare his role to other factors. Nelson Mandela was born into a Black tribe in South Africa in 1918. His father was of political importance in the tribe. Mandela received a quality education. He then moved to Johannesburg, where he studied law at the university of Witwaterstrand. He earned himself a degree of law. In 1947, he set up the first Black law firm in South Africa, to work against Apartheid. ...read more.

Middle

Unfortunately for Vorster, his Apartheid policies began to backfire and cause disruption amongst Whites. At the time, technology was modernising in industries that meant that employers needed a steady, skilled workforce that could be trained to use new technology. They could no longer depend on migrant workers. Vorster removal of Black workforces to Bantustans bought about a shortage of stable workforce. Employers began to find breaches in the Apartheid laws to allow Black workers. Later, Blacks realised the power given to them, these White employers relied upon the Black workforce. So they used it for their advantage and negotiated for better conditions and wages. So, between1973 and 1975, widespread walkouts by illegal Black trade unions, across South Africa, demonstrated and confirmed this power and potential ability Blacks now had. Vorster set up two commissions to find a quick solution to the labour shortages, one of which was the Riekert /commission. In 1979 it was recommended the scrapping of the reservation of jobs for Whites and legalising African trade unions. So eventually, he was forced to compromise his policies. In 1973 Vorster approved of a plan recommended of a plan supported by his minister of information, Dr. ...read more.

Conclusion

When de Klerk took office in 1989, he faced an inquisitive nation on why over 4000 people had been killed on the streets, since 1985; why 50000 people were in prison without trial. Also, troops were based in townships and he had the future of White supremacy. In 1989, the National Party suffered from the worst election results since 1948. The party had two options, to reform and end Apartheid or to return to a strict Apartheid regime. As over the years more Whites sympathised with the non-White majority, de Klerk decided that reform would appeal to most voters. De Klerk appears to be one of the strong, main factors in steps to end Apartheid. Even though it may not have been for the good of humanity, his selfishness would eventually lead to the end of Apartheid. It was important as it led to non-Whites having the basic rights. In my opinion Mandela was only a small factor in the ending of Apartheid in comparison to other factors. Although Mandela was a huge success at what he did and influenced others I think de Klerk put the finishing touches to the ending of Apartheid. Non-White roles also played a huge part, with the ANC and OAU. Also Vorster mistakes really added to the success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    When the marchers refused to disperse, despite warning shots and tear gas, police shot into the crowd killing two and injuring many. Soweto was a trigger for other towns erupting. Demonstrations, riots and violence carried on for many months all around South Africa.

  2. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    The commander-in-chief of this guerrilla army was Mandela. MK bombed government buildings and other targets such as pass offices, post offices and electricity pylons. Mandela was put on trial in 1962 for visiting other countries and drumming up support; for this he was charged with five years imprisonment.

  1. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    Botha allowed the blacks to join trade unions to help them improve their working and living environments. The government also invested in black education more than before so that the blacks could become more skilled. Botha realised that South Africa had "outgrown" apartheid and brought in some minor reforms; the

  2. In what ways and for what reasons did British policies and attitude towards Africa ...

    Colonial Office policy was unable to take a precise form until Hailey's influence had began to wane. Returning to Colonial Office attitude towards indirect rule. Pearce argues that lack of support and faith in the indirect rule system was exhibited before 1939 and that it did not mark the end

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    The food was stolen from the crops that they grew, their houses were ransacked every other week or so. Financial sanctions had a much greater impact on the South African economy than the political sanctions imposed. Financial sanctions involved the withdrawal of loans, a major prop for the South African economy.

  2. Why did the South African government introduce the policy of apartheid in 1948?

    (The Afrikaners were afraid of being 'swamped' by the native black South Africans.) Political reasons are also linked to social and racial reasons for apartheid; the Nationalist Party aimed to prevent 'the black threat' and integration. I think that Afrikaner Nationalism played a big part in apartheid's setting up; as

  1. In what ways were the lives of South Africans changed by the policy of ...

    Arrests and imprisonments followed, including that of Steve Biko who, who died in police custody. This was in some ways a new policy of Apartheid but with Verwoerd at the helm of this policy it was sure to be a whole new one.

  2. Nationalism as applied to business

    Over the last century, innovations in medicine, science and technology have resulted in improved health, quality of life and a rise in life expectancy worldwide. In light of these impressive advances it is disheartening that the benefits of modern medicine continue to elude millions of people in the poorer parts of the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work