• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The three ways of the independence of the countries of the Pact of Warsaw: Poland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The three ways of the independence of the countries of the Pact of Warsaw: Poland If towards the United States the Soviet Union had a very active behavior, it cannot be said the same for that that it concerns the relationships inside the Pact of Warsaw. While for the whole postwar period, every attempt to detach from Moscow had been punished with the military intervention (Czechoslovakia 1948, Hungary 1956, still Czechoslovakia 1968), with the advent of Gorbacev and his perestrojka, there was a general indifference toward the destinies of the allied European nations. In the period between 1987 and 1990 all the states of the Pact of Warsaw had a change of regime and a progressive leaving from the Soviet politics and affairs. The modalities with which these changes were developed varied from country to country, but they can be described in the example given from Poland, that is: a change gotten under the popular pressure. Exceptions to this rule, for different motives, are the Romanian and German-Oriental experiences. To fully understand every tone, it is useful to recapitulate what it happened in the three mentioned nations. ...read more.

Middle

The danger of a counterrevolution had been seen imminent. The transformation of Solidarity had happened for the impossibility of communication with Kania's government and it had not passed unnoticed even in Moscow. Already on December 5 1980, 500.000 soldiers of the Pact of Warsaw garrisoned the Polish frontiers waiting for an order of invasion that never arrived. In fact, that same night was done a Conference, where Kania and Breznev were present, to decide the fates of Poland. The precise reasons are not known for which was definite to entrust the normalization of the Polish situation to the Polish general, but everything was decided in that reunion. It can be seen that Jaruzelski had one whole year to prepare the action, but as in precedence the government of Gierek had done, so Solidarity did not realize anything. Many important exponents of the labor union had been put to the domiciliary arrests and among them Walesa. The proclamation of the martial law allowed the new regime to try an attempt of return to the past. The following seven years were contradictory. Jaruzelski combined in his own government the greatest personalities of Communist Poland. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once excluded by the government, the communist faction shouted that such behavior was a real scandal, not realizing that they had been victims of a normal political game of the democratic parliamentary life. The charge to form the new government was entrusted to Tadeusz Masowiecki, a faithful adviser of Walesa who started to understand how much life would have been hard at the power just in the moment to get the nomination. In fact, more than two weeks were necessary before the Parliament the confirmed his nomination. The installation of the first Polish democrat government since 1945 also coincided with the disappearance of the Communist Party. Not being more necessary to belong to this formation to get some social advantages, the largest part of the members decided to move on more moderate positions creating the presuppositions for the definitive death of the party. The accords signed directly with Gorbacev allowed definitely systematizing either the role of Poland inside the Pact of Warsaw either the diplomatic relationship with USSR. Gotten this reassurance, the attainment of the democracy was definitive, even if the economic and difficulties inside Solidarnosc were everything else other than next to a solution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Identify the problems that 2 African countries have faced since Independence. To what extent ...

    As political turmoil began rising Uganda's economic as well as social situation began to deteriorate. This caused the rise of Idi Amin, a dictator who promised improvement but only succeeded in increasing the already existing disorder. Military coups took over as an effort to bring Idi Amin to a complete

  2. The Life and Times of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah The Road to Ghana's Colonial Independence

    The government retaliated by closing down CPP offices and arresting Kwame. Within the confines of jail, he planned his campaign for the 1951 elections, which brought the CPP 71 seats while 16 were won mostly by independents. Gaining a political seat allowed Kwame Nkrumah to become Prime Minister in 1952 and eventually Prime Minister and president on Ghana's Independence Day.

  1. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    But, at that time, no one knew that the enemy Mugabe was fighting against i.e. absolute rule, would soon become his own way of ruling an independent Zimbabwe. Soon after the ZANU was formed, it was banned by the contemporary Ian Smith government and Mugabe was detained in prison for ten long years.

  2. Legislators have three essential functions: representation, law-making and control of the executive. How does ...

    It is unquestionable, as history points out, that an administration cannot be as effective if it is not with the control, the representation of the populace, and the ability of the legislator to come up with laws, which make the life in the state ordered.

  1. The Advent of Imperialism

    importance of the two being put to a crucial test by the opium war. The entrance of Germany and America upon a manufacturing career, and Japan being on the West of Asia, enhanced the mercantile competition, and the struggle for the Far Eastern markets became a more definite object of national industrial policy.

  2. Assess the Extent to which the Different Powers Prepared 'Their' African Colonies for Independence.

    To say that this is true of all British ex-colonies would be a lie. One of its better post colonial successes would be that of Botswana. The reasons behind this can be easily explained. During colonial times the effect of British imperialism was minimal and did not destroy inclusive pre-colonial institutions.

  1. What were the main problems facing the new states of central Europein the interwar ...

    Another problem which was presented by the new Polish political sphere was in relation to the territorial make-up of the new state, 'a hundred years of living within one or other of three entirely different cultures had marked the mentality and behaviour of every Pole'5.

  2. Indian Independence Coursework.

    He was making the point that Hindus and Muslims and their aims were fundamentally different except for one thing 'British rule-and the common desire to get rid of it'. To him Muslims were a completely different race who were only helping the Hindus to be free of British rule so

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work