• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The three ways of the independence of the countries of the Pact of Warsaw: Poland

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The three ways of the independence of the countries of the Pact of Warsaw: Poland If towards the United States the Soviet Union had a very active behavior, it cannot be said the same for that that it concerns the relationships inside the Pact of Warsaw. While for the whole postwar period, every attempt to detach from Moscow had been punished with the military intervention (Czechoslovakia 1948, Hungary 1956, still Czechoslovakia 1968), with the advent of Gorbacev and his perestrojka, there was a general indifference toward the destinies of the allied European nations. In the period between 1987 and 1990 all the states of the Pact of Warsaw had a change of regime and a progressive leaving from the Soviet politics and affairs. The modalities with which these changes were developed varied from country to country, but they can be described in the example given from Poland, that is: a change gotten under the popular pressure. Exceptions to this rule, for different motives, are the Romanian and German-Oriental experiences. To fully understand every tone, it is useful to recapitulate what it happened in the three mentioned nations. ...read more.

Middle

The danger of a counterrevolution had been seen imminent. The transformation of Solidarity had happened for the impossibility of communication with Kania's government and it had not passed unnoticed even in Moscow. Already on December 5 1980, 500.000 soldiers of the Pact of Warsaw garrisoned the Polish frontiers waiting for an order of invasion that never arrived. In fact, that same night was done a Conference, where Kania and Breznev were present, to decide the fates of Poland. The precise reasons are not known for which was definite to entrust the normalization of the Polish situation to the Polish general, but everything was decided in that reunion. It can be seen that Jaruzelski had one whole year to prepare the action, but as in precedence the government of Gierek had done, so Solidarity did not realize anything. Many important exponents of the labor union had been put to the domiciliary arrests and among them Walesa. The proclamation of the martial law allowed the new regime to try an attempt of return to the past. The following seven years were contradictory. Jaruzelski combined in his own government the greatest personalities of Communist Poland. ...read more.

Conclusion

Once excluded by the government, the communist faction shouted that such behavior was a real scandal, not realizing that they had been victims of a normal political game of the democratic parliamentary life. The charge to form the new government was entrusted to Tadeusz Masowiecki, a faithful adviser of Walesa who started to understand how much life would have been hard at the power just in the moment to get the nomination. In fact, more than two weeks were necessary before the Parliament the confirmed his nomination. The installation of the first Polish democrat government since 1945 also coincided with the disappearance of the Communist Party. Not being more necessary to belong to this formation to get some social advantages, the largest part of the members decided to move on more moderate positions creating the presuppositions for the definitive death of the party. The accords signed directly with Gorbacev allowed definitely systematizing either the role of Poland inside the Pact of Warsaw either the diplomatic relationship with USSR. Gotten this reassurance, the attainment of the democracy was definitive, even if the economic and difficulties inside Solidarnosc were everything else other than next to a solution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Identify the problems that 2 African countries have faced since Independence. To what extent ...

    As political turmoil began rising Uganda's economic as well as social situation began to deteriorate. This caused the rise of Idi Amin, a dictator who promised improvement but only succeeded in increasing the already existing disorder. Military coups took over as an effort to bring Idi Amin to a complete

  2. Indian Independence Coursework.

    to a standstill during the war and needed to think more about Britain's recovery than any other country. It shows that Britain wanted to get out of India as soon as possible 'quite obviously impossible was to decide to continue our responsibility indefinitely', stated Cripps.

  1. What were the main problems facing the new states of central Europein the interwar ...

    Another problem which was presented by the new Polish political sphere was in relation to the territorial make-up of the new state, 'a hundred years of living within one or other of three entirely different cultures had marked the mentality and behaviour of every Pole'5.

  2. The two countries of India and Pakistan have been waging war against one another ...

    Huge riots broke out between Muslims and Hindus, resulting in the deaths of many. The countries have been in conflict with one another since. INDIA Exploitation is apparent throughout India in many aspects of the country. One of the most obvious ways there is exploitation can be seen through the people of India.

  1. How do these three posters persuade men to enlist?

    Early in the morning the British and allies began to cross No-Man's land towards the German trenches. They were completely unprepared for what was to come. Lots of the deterrent barbwire was still intact and as they tried to get through, the Germans rose out of the underground dugouts they had been safely sheltering in.

  2. Describe the ways in which the methods of the Suffragettes and the Suffragists were ...

    This caused a major split in WSPU with about a fifth of all the members leaving to Greig's new movement, the Women's Freedom League. This last example, being one of many as similar things happened with the Pethick-Lawrences, Montefiore and even Christabel's own sister Sylvia, shows again how the WSPU

  1. Assess how society was changing at the turn of the century. Refer to at ...

    Many claimed that this was due to Britain's success with the traditional parliamentary democracy. But these were the elites, part of the 20% who had access to the vote following the Great Reform Bill of 1832. Although a second reform bill passed in 1867 increased voting rights, power still remained

  2. Geopolitical consequences of the demise of the Soviet Union

    The ex-Soviet republics of Central Asia, especially Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, have been trying to exploit their natural resources, since they consider oil to be the prime means of securing their economic and political independence. Most of the oil and gas reserves in the Caspian region have not been developed, and many areas of the Caspian region remain unexplored.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work