• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, which stretches over 5,470 km through central China.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia, which stretches over 5,470 km through central China. To the Chinese it is more than often called the Chang Jiang, meaning "Long River". Traditionally the river has been seen as both a blessing and a curse. It flows from the peaks of the Kunlun Mountains in the southwest of Qinghai Province through Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces in the northeast, east and central parts of China, until it finally reaches the mouth of the East China Sea, north of Shanghai. During the heavy rainfalls, lakes Dongting and Poyang receive some of the overflow but not even these lakes can prevent the banks of the river from bursting, which lead to heavy flooding. During the twentieth-century devastating floods have occurred in 1905, 1980, and 1981. The worst, killing 1,200 people in 1995. Following the most recent flood in 1995, the Chinese government made it clear 'enough was enough' and an immediate continuation of the 'Three Gorges Dam' proceeded once again. The Chinese government began construction of the 'Three Gorges Dam' back in 1994 and if completed will take 20 years or more to do so. It will be 185m high towering over the world's third largest river, and will hold a reservoir of 1,084 sq km, sitting at the Sandouping, which will control floods expected to occur twice in a decade. ...read more.

Middle

In addition to this the Chinese authority believe that the project will create millions of jobs earning with it 520 billion Yuan's in industrial output. The government believe if everything goes according to plan and according to its schedule the first batch of four generators will be in use by 2003 producing a combined capacity of 2.8 million kilowatts, after 11 years of constructing. The remaining generators are predicted to be completed by 2009. When the generators will be able to generate a total of 293 billion kWh. If successful the Chinese government will be able to pay all loans and interests invested into the project by large international firms and banks in two or three years after the completion of the dam. The government believe that building the 'Three Gorges Dam' will help the environment much more than the environmentalists believe. If the controversial hydroelectric dam is built, it will have twenty-six generators producing 18.2 million kilowatts of power. This is enough to provide ten per cent of China's population with electricity across the country. According to Mr Lu of the Corporation, it is expected that the amount of non-renewable fuels used around the country will drop extraordinarily. For instance it will reduce China's coal burning by 40 million tons a year, and will reduce the emission of harmful gases to the atmosphere like carbon-dioxide by 120 million tons and ...read more.

Conclusion

advised the United States government not to get involved with the project in any way, and then another huge surprise in the opposition of the dam, the World Bank who traditionally has an unpopular reputation for its contribution to projects likewise in developing countries is also not lending any financial support towards the 'Three Gorges Dam'. Although recent scientific investigations from human rights groups from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) say that the 'Three Gorges Dam' could only have minimal affects on the ecological and environmental issues brought up by the IRN. According to the Vice-President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chen Yiyu the construction of the dam is more likely to affect historical sites, as species of rare animals/fish and plants are all being preserved. Personally I think the dam is an excellent idea for China to move forward as an economically wealthy nation. I can see why people are against the project and truly it depends on, what you believe in? But if there was a huge risk or doubt at all about the construction of the 'Three Gorges Dam, I wouldn't think the Chinese government would have gone through with the scheme as it involves a lot of money and to implement such a scheme close to destroying the country's leading tourist and economical attraction without putting any thought or some 'Hard-Core' research into the planning, I really cant see China or any other country taking such a big risk. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Research Project - "Can the Central Bank in Jamaica be truly independent?"

    This purchasing of securities also can influence the foreign exchange market and thus the local exchange rate. Interest rates can be affected by the central bank. By changing such rates as the Marginal Lending Rate, the Main Refinancing Rate, and the Deposit Rate, the central bank directly affects money market and the loans market.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Since 1996, the World Bank has supported more than 600 anti-corruption programs and governance initiatives developed by its member countries. We believe that an effective anti-corruption strategy builds on five key elements: 1. Increasing Political Accountability 2. Strengthening Civil Society Participation 3.

  1. From 1949 to the beginning of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, China went ...

    Freedom of speech was forbidden. Instead, he introduced censorship, and propaganda, which leads him into the direction of becoming a dictator. After all, the Hundred Flowers Campaign failed. While Mao was still in power, he decided that education was a key element to the success in society.

  2. Public administration in China

    Both the culture and the political system emphasize unified leadership and authority, mutual dependence, moral incentives and conformity of thought. These characteristics sharply contrast with the pluralism of ownership, competition individualist entrepreneurship, economic incentives and innovation, which have generally been associated with Western modernization Compared to most other modernizing countries

  1. Prospects for India's development

    India truly is the world's largest democracy. Regarding the "quality" of India's democracy, the 1998 Indian elections lured 61.97% of the voting population to the poles, while the United States, arguably the world's most successful democracy, coaxed only 49.08% of its voters to the poles during the 1996 presidential election.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    and Knight J from http:www.csae.ox.ac.uk/reprogs/usam/default.html Table 1. Unemployment rates in South Africa 1993-2002 Year Source Broad Definition Narrow Definition Sept 1993 SALDRU 31.2 13.0 Oct 1994 OHS 31.5 20.0 Oct 1996 OHS 35.6 21 Oct 1998 OHS 38.6 26.1 Sept 2000 LFS 36.9 25.8 Sept 2002 LFS 41.8 30.5 Source: http:www.csae.ox.ac.uk/reprogs/usam/default.html (Kingdon G.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    4. As the empire grew so did administrative system and where else but to India would the British turn for such a labour force to man the administrative system?

  2. A Modern World Study - Modern China.

    even the house he was said to have been born in were destroyed. The whole idea of not having a democratic government was down to Confucius, he was the person who taught the Chinese people that a bad ruler "heaven's mandate" and forfeits his right to rule.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work