• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There are many influences operating on parliament before and during the legislative process. Explain and evaluate any three of these influences, giving examples of how parliament has been persuaded to introduce legislation.

Extracts from this document...


There are many influences operating on parliament before and during the legislative process. Explain and evaluate any three of these influences, giving examples of how parliament has been persuaded to introduce legislation. Legislation is the name for law made by parliament. These laws are in the form of Acts of parliament, also called statutes. Acts of parliament are sovereign in that they override other sources of law such as custom or judge-made law. Acts of parliament originate in the form of bills. These bills may be either public or private bills. Private bills are less important as they affect only a limited number of people, whereas public bills change general law and affect everyone. Most of these bills are introduced by the government, for example the, Disability Discrimination Act (1995). Government bills make up 90% of all bills and there are various origins and influences on these bills. One of these various influences on decisions made by parliament is election manifesto. ...read more.


that was quickly rushed through in 1991 after a number of attacks on people by pit bull terrier dogs, that were highlighted by the media. The Act later proved to be flawed as these dogs were being put down in some instances, merely for their muzzles being removed in public, without them being a threat. Legislation may also be influenced significantly by pressure groups. Pressure groups provide individuals with the opportunity to influence government decisions. Any group or organisation can act as a pressure group, lobbying MPs to have their items put on the political agenda. Pressure groups are classified in two categories. These are interest groups that pursue the welfare of their members (e.g. AA) and cause groups that pursue moral and social objectives (e.g. Green peace.). Whereas interest groups usually have functions other than lobbying cause groups are formed solely for this purpose. ...read more.


a well-organised and resourced group may be able to exert a greater degree of influence than the support it receives in society, meaning that pressure group activity may distort, rather than enhance the democratic nature of the process. The process by which tentative proposals for new legislation finally emerge as Acts of parliament is a complex and lengthy one. It involves not only legal but also various social, political and economic considerations for the legislation to operate efficiently, effectively and democratically, therefore certain influences on these decisions made by parliament are necessary. Although necessary, some may prove to be potential problem, as they may be a threat to the democratic nature of the process, and some influences that make the legislative process highly democratic do not make up much of the total. Therefore a system of regulation may be required to prevent abuse of influence. On the whole these influences on the decisions of parliament are inevitable and, in many respects, beneficial. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Describe the formal process of statute creation in parliament.

    The committee members propose amendments, which are debated and voted upon. If the amendment is accepted the Bill will be amended, if it is rejected the Bill will not be changed. The House of Commons may use two types of committee, they may use a standing committee, which is made

  2. "The British Parliament is weak whereas the US Congress is powerful." Discuss.

    The president can recommend measures to Congress but cannot force them to be made into law.31 Woodrow Wilson said of presidency: "to succeed, he need only obey Congress and stay alive."32 Although Congress is indeed powerful, the constitutional checks on Congress are quite effective.

  1. How much influence does the media have on the political process

    Some of the voices on radio retain their uniqueness like the conservative host Rush Limbaugh who could be argued that is using his show as "an agent of reinforcement", and a playground for his influence among the conservative base as well.

  2. Devolution is not a "constitutional settlement" but a dynamic (and potentially destabilising) process. ...

    The introduction of an elected mayor has given London a 'presidential arrangement'. Livingstone is monitored by a small council but ultimately, he is "the most powerful directly elected politician in Britain, the choice of 7 million voters"11 This again would see a shift towards a more devolved, unitary tier system of local council.

  1. UK Written Constitutionshould the legislative process in Parliament be designed to secure that 'unconstitutional' ...

    If one adopts this argument, it is inherent in the nature of Parliament that it will pass constitutional bills. Academics though have argued Dicey's theory does not represent reality. As Craig points out, Dicey's conception of representative democracy was based upon his perception which, as many of his contemporaries noted7,

  2. "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in ...

    An example of a recent bill brought through by private members bills is the Education and Inspection Bill, introduced by Tony Blair. Ballot Bills can also be brought forward by a single M.P. the time set aside by the house for consideration of private members legislation is limited by standing order no.

  1. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    De Klerk made these enforcements as he wanted to work with all political groups to create a new constitution where everyone would be happy, and have equal rights. A statement made by De Klerk states, "We desire to create a society in which all people are victors, instead of one consisting of winners and losers..."

  2. Legislators have three essential functions: representation, law-making and control of the executive. How does ...

    However, the strongest evidence that the performance of the Bundestag is successful is that the percentage people who trust the German parliament are the highest compared to the other political and economic "giants" in Europe, namely France, Britain and Italy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work