• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent had the lives of the peasants changed from 1949 to 1965? Before 1949, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP),

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ilana Lee U6T To what extent had the lives of the peasants changed from 1949 to 1965? Before 1949, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), there had been no significant attempts to help resolve the problems of the huge peasant population of China. Peasants had for thousands of years been a powerless and defenceless mass sector of Chinese society, ruled by ignorant, corrupt and ruthless leaders. However, no government recognised their problems until the surfacing of the Communist Party. The CCP, during the Civil War, won peasants to its cause by promising Land Reform as one of its main policies. With the support of the huge peasant population, as well as others, the CCP were able to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Party and institute a new government geared towards the needs of the lower classes. ...read more.

Middle

The way that the peasants worked completely changed. Instead of being ordered around by landlords, they now had their own land, and were organised into co-operatives, in which farmers pooled their resources and split their income with others solely on the basis of labour. Their work was also made much easier with the arrival of new machinery. In 1958, Mao Tse-tung, the leader of the CCP government announced the "Great Leap Forward". Overnight fertile rice fields were plowed under and construction work began on steel foundries. Of course, the former farmers had no idea how to actually construct a working foundry or what to do with it once built. What was once fertile land was now being wasted. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mao issued the Marriage Act protecting their rights. Further, the situation did improve and by 1962, the economy was showing good signs of recovery from the Great Leap Forward and agricultural produce had increased dramatically. However, the peasants were also subject to a lot of coersion and propaganda by the Communist government. Apart from the Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which they were encouraged to put forward constructive criticism towards the government, their freedom of thought and expression was severely controlled. Even the Hundred Flowers Campaign was reversed, and those who responded to its calls to express their displeasure with the regime were punished. The lives of the peasants did change dramatically between 1949 and 1965, and were to change even more later on. However not all of these changes were positive, although their situation was on the whole hugely improved and their status in Chinese society rose greatly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    All these families gave up their land, animals and equipment to be used by all members of the communes. All sorts of things were organised so that as many people as possible worked. Four million communal dining halls were established so that people did not waste time cooking meals and worked instead.

  2. To what extent are the experiences and attitudes of Yang Digong and Li Zucui ...

    I feel that the treatment of political opponents in China is unacceptable. The law in China is very unfair and no one is ever allowed to claim defense.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    The big difference between these and the lower stage co-operatives was that families were not paid rent for the use of their land. They received only wages for labour. They had to surrender the title deeds to their land, their equipment and their animals to the co-operative.

  2. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    The British were following a policy of gradually leaving a colony till the majority (ethnically) came to rule in that colony (http://www.africanet.com/africanet/country/zimbabwe/history.htm).However, Ian Smith wanted Rhodesia to be governed by a White government. He was quoted as saying, "There are no plans to bring Rhodesia under black majority rule in my lifetime or even my children's" (Smith, 163).

  1. To What Extent Did Socialism and Syndicalism Threaten the Establishment 1910-1914?

    Evidence for the similarity between Labour and the Liberals is that Martin (85) has found liberalism rather than socialism was inspiration for Labour MPs in 1906, evidence for this is that Kier Hardie, the man described by one of his biographers, Morgan (75), as 'the maker of the modern Labour

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Corruption reinforces political instability and underdevelopment (Ouma, 1991). In short, corruption impedes economic growth, stifles entrepreneurialism, misuses scarce national resources, weakens administrative capacity, contributes to serious political decay and undermines stability, democracy and national integration (Theobald, 1990). COMBATING CORRUPTION STRATEGIES Combating corruption is not easy task.

  1. From 1949 to the beginning of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, China went ...

    As for the others, it meant that they would loose their status, and control of property. The outcome of the Marriage Law seems to be quite successful in terms of its initial aim. On 29 September 1951 the People's Daily reported that the divorce is relatively rare, "Why would people

  2. CHINA: Why did the Nationalist (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) want

    This was unlike the other western powers which wanted to break up China and colonized its territories. Furthermore, Sun also realized that the party could use good leadership in the mould of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai. Sun understood that to keep the Nationalist Party strong, it needed leadership.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work