• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent had the lives of the peasants changed from 1949 to 1965? Before 1949, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP),

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ilana Lee U6T To what extent had the lives of the peasants changed from 1949 to 1965? Before 1949, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), there had been no significant attempts to help resolve the problems of the huge peasant population of China. Peasants had for thousands of years been a powerless and defenceless mass sector of Chinese society, ruled by ignorant, corrupt and ruthless leaders. However, no government recognised their problems until the surfacing of the Communist Party. The CCP, during the Civil War, won peasants to its cause by promising Land Reform as one of its main policies. With the support of the huge peasant population, as well as others, the CCP were able to overthrow Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist Party and institute a new government geared towards the needs of the lower classes. ...read more.

Middle

The way that the peasants worked completely changed. Instead of being ordered around by landlords, they now had their own land, and were organised into co-operatives, in which farmers pooled their resources and split their income with others solely on the basis of labour. Their work was also made much easier with the arrival of new machinery. In 1958, Mao Tse-tung, the leader of the CCP government announced the "Great Leap Forward". Overnight fertile rice fields were plowed under and construction work began on steel foundries. Of course, the former farmers had no idea how to actually construct a working foundry or what to do with it once built. What was once fertile land was now being wasted. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mao issued the Marriage Act protecting their rights. Further, the situation did improve and by 1962, the economy was showing good signs of recovery from the Great Leap Forward and agricultural produce had increased dramatically. However, the peasants were also subject to a lot of coersion and propaganda by the Communist government. Apart from the Hundred Flowers Campaign, in which they were encouraged to put forward constructive criticism towards the government, their freedom of thought and expression was severely controlled. Even the Hundred Flowers Campaign was reversed, and those who responded to its calls to express their displeasure with the regime were punished. The lives of the peasants did change dramatically between 1949 and 1965, and were to change even more later on. However not all of these changes were positive, although their situation was on the whole hugely improved and their status in Chinese society rose greatly. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    All these families gave up their land, animals and equipment to be used by all members of the communes. All sorts of things were organised so that as many people as possible worked. Four million communal dining halls were established so that people did not waste time cooking meals and worked instead.

  2. Was the Great Leap Forward a ‘Tragedy of Good Intentions’?

    One question remains obvious in this situation - the famine that wrecked China stemmed from the same policy prescriptions that Stalin applied to Russia. How is it then, Mao chose to ignore the example Russia had set, depicting the consequences of the Great Leap?

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    The big difference between these and the lower stage co-operatives was that families were not paid rent for the use of their land. They received only wages for labour. They had to surrender the title deeds to their land, their equipment and their animals to the co-operative.

  2. To what extent are the experiences and attitudes of Yang Digong and Li Zucui ...

    Do you think these protests were justified? To answer this question I will have to take into account both sides of the argument, my perspective and the Chinese's, otherwise it would be unfair and prejudice for me to only discuss one side of it. On October 19th 1999 president Jiang Zernin visited the UK, although it did

  1. From 1949 to the beginning of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, China went ...

    However a number of women were fearful of the change, for not sure whether the government would enforce the law properly. Besides, the introduction of this law means that the concubines would loose everything. As for men, only the minority who had been influenced by the Western cultures would agree having equality between men and women.

  2. What impact did Mao have on the lives of Chinese people since 1949 in ...

    It also sought to attain maximum productivity from the maximum number of people. Homes were set up for the elderly and for children, and furnaces were set up in people's back yards so that they could produce steel. However, this did not work as planned.

  1. Civil Service Reform.

    The Prime Minister wanted civil servants to implement dogma, not to expose its errors'. Campbell and Wilson suggest that the impact of this was that civil servants perceived that in order to succeed they had to change their understanding of their roles.

  2. What Impact Did Mao Have On The Chinese People Since 1949 In The Following ...

    This is the people's democratic dictatorship". The reactionaries were the old landowners and the members of the Guomindang. It was the landlord classes that suffered the most with the coming of the communism. A land revolution was taking pace in the countryside.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work