• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What extent were the Tories Liberal and enlightened in the period 1822-1827?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What extent were the Tories Liberal and enlightened in the period 1822-1827? The terms liberal and enlightened can be used to describe a number of different views, at this time they would have been the freedom of religion, political rights, the right to free expression and free trade. After the cabinet reshuffle of 1822 the newly formed cabinet made some changes which backed some of these views, but some they did not back. Traditional historians see the period before 1822 as repressive with the government trying to restore law and order whereas the historians see the period 1822-1827 as liberal and enlightened which are associated with the economic policies and reforms of the "second wave" ministers. The second wave ministers had all served in the repressive periods. Indeed we can recognize the changes made with Evans's view that "Liverpool's government had never experienced anything so cathartic as an ideological conversion". We can tell that there was no change in direction after the 1822 reshuffle. This reshuffle came about after the suicide of Lord Castlereagh which forced Lord Liverpool into the changes. These changes were to replace Castlereagh with Canning as foreign secretary and leader of House of Commons. ...read more.

Middle

His actions brought back the direction heading for free trade with other countries. The actions that he took which led us to believe that he wanted free trade were that he helped to form a number of reciprocity treaties with foreign governments which put lowered the import duties on vast numbers of goods. He also removed restrictions on the trade of British Colonies. This meant they could trade directly with foreign countries, instead of trading via Britain first. This allowed an imperial preference system where the duties were lower in Britain than anywhere else so this encouraged trade with the British Empire. Huskisson also modified an absolute set of restrictions known as the Navigation Laws. These laws said that imported goods which before the modification had to be imported on British ships no longer had to be. As a result the high duties on British ships in European ports were stopped. This allowed more foreign trade. Finally Huskisson modified the 1815 Corn Laws. He introduced a sliding scale of import duties in 1828. This meant that if British wheat was selling at 73s a quarter, there would be no duty on imported foreign wheat, as the price fell, the duty increased. ...read more.

Conclusion

After Lord Liverpool resigned in March 1827 after suffering from a stroke Canning took over but there was mass resignations in the government because they did not agree with Canning's policies towards catholic emancipation and foreign affairs. There was great controversy over whether to give Roman Catholics political rights. Although we can say that the second wave of ministers were partly liberal and enlightened in their views and actions they didn't take enough action on other issues and matters with which we could give them this title of liberal and enlightened. They failed to address the awful conditions in the factories, child labour and dangers of mines. They also ignored reforms of parliament, health, poverty and education. In conclusion I can say that the second waves of ministers were liberal and enlightened in certain areas but in other important areas they failed to address the problems. We can see this from their blatant ignoring of the problems with the problems with Catholic Emancipation and taking no action with the problems with parliament, health etc.. We can also say that there actions were extremely open-minded compared to the actions taken by ministers before them. But they however ignored important issues. After 1822 the ministers sought to restore free trade, to protect and to strengthen law and order. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How effective was the response of Lord Liverpool's government to the domestic problems they ...

    increase the discretionary powers of magistrates over public meetings and put a tax on newspaper publications. The results of this were not directly significant, but what they did do was restore the upper classes' faith in the government. Magistrates saw this as a symbol of government solidarity behind them, and were more ready do the their duties against criminals.

  2. To what extent was religion the main causeOf rebellion in the reign of Henry ...

    So they made a plan to capture Hull and Scarborough, however, this failed and the King now had his chance to recover control in the north. The Government and Henry declared martial law in Carlisle and 74 of the rebels were hanged.

  1. The 'Liberal Tories'. To what extent do you agree with this description of the ...

    In response to this, many European ports excluded British ships from their ports, affecting British trade. The Reciprocity Act of 1823 overcame these obstacles by allowing free entry of foreign ships into Britain. The aim was that not only would it be seen as a gesture of goodwill abroad, it

  2. Analyse the causes of Mexico's instability in the period 1821-1855

    who used the then fashionable political discourse of liberalism and conservatism to win political posts, simply to achieve prestige and promote their own personal power. In terms of economic fluctuations, there would seem to be a correlation between, the amount of funds in the treasury and the length of time the particular government would be in power.

  1. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    By 1848 the arguments they had provoked had clarified the issues; their opponents went a different way but carried with them if not the ideology at any rate the attitudes of the Slavophils. Slavophilism was a seedbed of 19th century political and social thought in Russia.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    The annual cost of running the Civil Service is �20 billion and it was decided that all government departments would be required to have their functions 'market tested' to discover if they could be carded out more cheaply and efficiently either within the public sector or by private firms.

  1. To what extent do you agree with George Dangerfield’s view that “by the end ...

    In doing this it was clear that the Labour party was being led in a very moderate fashion, which although benefited the Liberals as they needed their support, it created problems for the Liberals as well, in the form of industrial unrest.

  2. Do you agree that the Liberal Reforms were nothing more than an Electioneering Tactic?

    The minimum height restriction was reduced, as so many volunteers had not been able to grow properly because of a poor diet. Winston Churchill, in a speech made in 1899, commented on this saying "I see little glory in an Empire which can rule the waves and is unable to flush its own sewers".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work