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Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

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Introduction

Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning?? The provisional government of Russia was established in February 1917 as a temporary replacement for Tsar Nicholas II after his abdication. Liberals of groups such as the Kadets and the Octoberisit's dominated the Provisional government. The provisional government represented mainly some nobility and middle classes. The percentage of nobility and middle classes was very small in comparison to the 80% of the population that were peasants. This shows that the provisional government did not represent the majority of people's interests in Russia. In my opinion the Provisional Government was not doomed to failure from the beginning. This is because there were many factors out of their control in 1917 that led to its downfall. In the absence of these problems the provisional government could have well survived until the elections to the constituent assembly in November 1917. These factors include the social and economic disrupt in Russia at the time, Lenin and the Bolsheviks and the dual power shared between the provisional government and the Petrograd soviet. These problems put extreme pressure on the provisional Government. Russia's wealth and land was extraordinarily unevenly distributed. 80% of the population were peasants. However 25% of land was owned by 1% of the population. This obviously meant a vast majority of the population were unhappy with their living standards and therefore with how the country was being governed. Land distribution was a major problem as there was a vast amount of land in Russia as it is a huge geographical area. ...read more.

Middle

The Bolsheviks were a political party with an extremely dedicated leader in Lenin. Lenin's main aim in life was revolution. He was extremely committed to it. Lenin's dedication to revolution was shown by his April thesis. As soon as Lenin returned from exile one of his first steps was to release a manifesto, which we call the April thesis. In this manifesto Lenin declared that he would end all cooperation with the provisional government. This bold step showed his dedication to revolution aswel as signalling a problem for the provisional government. The manifesto also included an immediate end to the war. This would of pleased many of the soldiers, as they wanted an end to the war. There was also land to be given to the peasants, soviets to take power and in the end a worldwide socialist revolution. All of these points were designed to please the majority peasants, workers and soldiers as to give them land and to end the war is what they want. Where the provisional government failed to please the majority of the population by giving them land, Lenin knew that this was one way to help gain popularity and power, as it would please the masses and unite them against the provisional government. Lenin and the Bolsheviks were also good at propaganda and offered the people of Russia an alternative leadership that would benefit them. They used slogans such as 'Bread, peace and land'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin needed to Soviets name to keep the support of the people and the soviet needed their resources and organisation. Between them they occupied key positions in the capital Petrograd aswel as arresting the provisional government. They forced the Prime Minister Kerensky to escape into exile and took power. The provisional government took over power at an extremely difficult period in Russian history. The country was in deep social and economic unrest, they were involved in the world first ever war and loosing poorly. They were also faced with a large-scale revolutionary movement that had been brewing for a very long time. The provisional governments job was to keep the country going until the elections in November. However they were unable to do this because of extreme pressure from revolutionaries such as Lenin and the Bolsheviks. This led to its demise in October to the power of the Bolsheviks and soviet. If the Provisional Government was not faced with such pressures and problems it could well have survived the 10 months it was required to however failed during the latter stage of their reign In my opinion this was not a foregone conclusion from the beginning. The provisional government showed their power by holding out from several attempted coups. They could have also taken steps to tame the revolutionary movement by giving peasants more land and catering to their needs, as they were the vast majority of the population. However they did not and the provisional government t came to an end in October and Lenin and the Bolsheviks took power. ...read more.

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