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What do you think were the most important reasons for the ending of the Apartheid?

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Introduction

What do you think were the most important reasons for the ending of the Apartheid? There are many reasons for the ending of Apartheid in South Africa between 1990 and 1994. It was not one individual event that changed things but a number of changes that took place over time. Some of the factors were long term, while others took place much more in the short term. During the 1960's there were attempts by the South African government to reinforce segregation and by creating a number of Bantustans, which had their own governments but by doing this they lost their rights elsewhere in South Africa. Many of the world's nations did not condone this and tried to impose economic sanctions against them, however, they saw South Africa as an important strategic partner against communism so trade was increased during this time. Sporting sanctions and UN resolutions were more successful as South Africa enjoyed good sporting traditions. In the 1970's the armed struggle and violence by the blacks increased, riots increased, which led to the new Prime Minister, P.W. Botha, to increase the controls on violence. He also relaxed some of the petty apartheid laws in the hope of softening up the image of his Government, however, MK flourished and more leaders materialized such as Winnie Mandela to carry the struggle for equality. ...read more.

Middle

This way DeKlerk was more ready to back down to them because he realised they were managing to help bring the country down and if the violence didn't stop then there would soon not be much of South Africa left. DeKlerk's move towards getting rid of segregation earned him much more status from the rest of the world. One of the official views the Government leaders gave as to why they could not trust the ANC was that they were allies of the Communist Russia and wanted to spread the communism to South Africa. This was not entirely true, so when in the late 1980's and the Soviet Union broke up, the Government lost one of its reasons for not going along with the ANC. However the ANC lost much of its support too. Nelson Mandela was probably the key factor for the ending of the apartheid. He came from Royal Family and was a member of the ANC. He was sentenced to life imprisonment at the Rivionia trial after being found guilty of sabotage. However, before the sentence was passed, Mandela made a four and a half hour address to the court outlining his views of a future South Africa. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of these is Bishop Desmond Tutu, who in 1975 became the first black dean of the Anglican Church in Johannesburg. He bitterly and blatantly opposed apartheid and attacked the government saying that they were dictators and would not succeed. Any people listened to him and he travelled the world preaching. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, which didn't look too good for the government. Without Tutu, perhaps the rest of the world wouldn't have condemned the South African's so much and therefore not put as much pressure on them to reform as they might have. I think the ending of the apartheid in South Africa is due to a number of factors that individually, would not have been strong enough, but together they managed to slowly bring down apartheid to from a racially harmonic state. Some of the factors may be deemed to be more important than others, such as the two individuals from contrasting sides, Mandela and DeKlerk, who basically negotiated a conclusion. In doing so, they created an almost unrecognisable state to that which had existed years earlier. Without the astuteness of these individuals, the willingness of the rest of the world, the persistence of the anti apartheid movement and the luck of DeKlerk coming to power at the right time, none of this would have happened. ...read more.

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