• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 in the following areas: economic, social and political

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - China Question 1 What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 in the following areas: economic, social and political Introduction On October 1st 1949, the Communists proclaimed the existence of a new kind of China - The People's Republic of China. The only remaining part of China under Communist control was the island of Taiwan. The chairman of the Communist Party was Mao Zedong. Two days before the People's Republic of China was announced, Communist Party leaders drew up a common programme that outlined the Party's aims and intentions such as independence, democracy, peace, unity and prosperity. All sorts of problems got in the way of reaching these targets. Previously, there had been three years of civil war, which had left China in a mess. There were millions of peasants with not enough food and the population was rising by 15 million a year. Cities were in chaos and inflation had made the currency worthless. There was also a high level of unemployment. To add to this, there was also the threat of being attacked by the Guomindang in Taiwan. The major problem, however, was how to hold China together as a single, united country. I am going to research the effect Mao had on the Chinese people's lives. Economic Changes Agriculture The first three years of the people's republic were a time of great change for almost all Chinese people. Firstly I am going to investigate how economic changes changed people's lives. I shall start by writing about Agricultural changes and then Industrial changes. On 30th June 1950 the Agrarian Reform Law was introduced to tackle the problem of land ownership. Previously, the Communists had started dividing land among peasants so by 1949 the process was already underway in many parts of the country. From 1950 Communist Party members travelled around the countryside teaching poor peasants how to work out the social class of the people in their community. ...read more.

Middle

Divorce by mutual consent was introduced and in February 1951, a further law was fixed where expectant mothers were given maternity benefit with full wages for two months after the child was born. All these changes were for the better and improved life for women greatly. China was now a fairer country to live in. In 1951, the Party started a 'thought reform'. It was called the 'Movement for the study of Mao Zedong's Thoughts'. It involved studying Mao Zedong's writings and self-criticism at Party meetings. This also applies to political changes. As well as 'Thought Reform', the Party organised mass campaigns and in 1951, the 'Three Antis Campaign' was launched against corruption, waste and too much 'red tape'. In 1952 the 'Five Antis Campaign was launched against bribery, tax evasion, fraud, theft of government property and spying. People who were caught committing these offences were sent to labour camps to be 're-educated' in reform. This was also included in the political changes. To strengthen the Party and China's social and political status further, the whole population was encouraged to join Party-run interest groups. Groups such as the Women's League for Democracy, the Young Pioneers and the China-Russia Friendship were set up all over China. Because the Communist Party ran these groups, it was easy for them to use the people for its own purposes such as mass rallies. An incredible example of this was when every Chinese citizen was asked to kill 10 flies a day throughout the 1960's. With a population of 600 million, flies became virtually extinct. In some areas. Another example of this was when cities were being cleaned up. In Shanghai, there was a campaign against rats and each week, every family had to produce one rat's tail. Another change that affected the Chinese people was the introduction of communes. This reorganised their lives. Families were split up into work teams where they shared everything. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was done by a group of moderate leaders; Head of State Liu Shaoqi, Prime Minister Zhou Enlai and Party Secretary Deng Xiaping. They introduced some realistic economic policies and in late 1960, they abandoned the Great Leap Forward. Communes were made smaller and peasants working in back-yard steel production were sent back to fields where they were allowed to own there own land and sell extra produce for their own profit. Town worker's wages were increased. This meant that a lot of Mao's work had been undone. Mao was given no say in running the country and the moderates controlled the economy. But, people regarded Mao Zedong as a revolutionary hero and he had a huge influence over the Chinese people. Although Mao was well intentioned, he spent a lot of time trying to reform yet most of his attempts seemed to backfire or go wrong. The two five year plans didn't exactly have the effect that Mao had hoped for, but they did boost the economy and morale. He went over the top trying to introduce Communist values leaving China in a state of more ruin than when he had come into power. Before he came into power, many had died due to war, but Mao managed to destroy the hope of millions. Many people died of starvation due to the lack of organisation at harvest time and generally throughout the year. He hadn't done much to help peasants and in some cases their living conditions became worse. Even the red guards when they reached the country realised that peasants lives in the country were a lot worse than their own in the cities. Due to the Cultural Revolution a whole generation had missed out on their education. During Mao's reign, the rich were stripped of their riches and intellectuals were ignored. Overall, Mao did not achieve what he had set out to do and his rule was a failure. As soon as a new leader emerged all the old values and ways were changed and the old China of Mao was left behind, but China remained Communist. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Was the Great Leap Forward a ‘Tragedy of Good Intentions’?

    plenum.7 This is when Mao articulated his desire for greater speed, outlining the methods with which the speed would be achieved after recently visiting Moscow. Newspapers printed articles and pictures reporting extraordinary accomplishments under Mao's plans. It is evident then that the lies and fabrications did not draw to a

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    The sword, pestilence and famine are the instruments of his displeasure: the conker worm and locust are his armies; He gives the word: a single copy is blighted; and we see a nation prostrate, stretching out his hands for bread.

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    not only affect a number of politicians; it affects the whole clientistic system, still based on strong factors of patrimonial dominance. In this sense the whole population, without knowing it, in involved in corruption in some way." (39) For decades, the media of Latin America has been prevented from revealing tales of political corruption.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    (Transnet Annual Report 2003) Due to the size of the company, as well as the future expansion strategy, especially into Neighbouring African countries, the syndicate has chosen Spoornet for their analysis. (Http//; www.Transnet.co.za) The analysis focuses on the major social and political trends that are expected to affect the company in the next 10 years.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Fairness to minor parties For advocates of majoritarian elections, responsible party government takes precedence over the inclusion of all parties in strict proportion to their share of the vote. In this view the primary purpose of general elections is for parliament to function as an indirect electoral college which produces an effective, stable government.

  2. Tiananmen Square

    the rich and poor, it was almost impossible for the poor to enter into the world of the rich and lead decent lives themselves.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    They were allowed to keep only a few square metres for their personal use. This they used for growing vegetables or raising chickens. The peasants were forcefully encouraged, many unhappy peasants ended up joining. By the end of 1954, 95% of peasant families had joined higher stage co-operatives.

  2. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    With the rapid decline in the popularity of Ayub Khan's rule, General Yahya, who had become the C-in-C in September 1966, declared martial law on March 25, 1969. 9 Yahya soon after getting the power started the political process of elections.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work