• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Is The Role Of Minor Parties Within The American Political System.

Extracts from this document...


WHAT IS THE ROLE OF MINOR PARTIES WITHIN THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM The American political system has always had minor political parties. However, the Republican Party is the only minor party that has ever achieved majority status. Minor parties in the USA have formed mainly to promote crucial issues that their followers believe are not being represented by either of the two major parties. This both strengthens and weakens the minor parties. A minor party must broaden its platform to increase its following. However, it risks the alienation of its original supporters in the hope of getting new supporters. Yet if it remains small, it cannot win elections and will consequently decline away. They play a significant role in the American political system by providing a haven for those with atypical views. ...read more.


For e.g. Ross Perot's 1992 candidacy was fueled by the widespread perception that Washington had lost touch with the interests of middle class. Historically, minor parties in the USA had formed in response to the emergence of a single controversial issue, out of a commitment of a certain ideology, or as a result of a rift within one of the major parties. Some minor parties within the American political system have been formed to represent a single issue of over riding concern to their supporters, e.g. the right to life party was formed to oppose the legalization of abortion. Some single-issue parties have seen their policies ratified into law. Single-issue parties usually disband when their issue is favourably resolved or fades in importance. ...read more.


Money and the media have increasingly shaped campaigns. This has enabled candidates to seek high-level offices without the backing of a major political party. An example of such a campaign is Ross Perot's 1992 presidential candidacy. He received 19% of the vote. Perot's campaign was based on middle-class discontent with the major parties and was conducted almost entirely on television. Perot ran again 1996 but as the nominee of the Reform Party, which he founded. He ran a media based campaign which only attracted 8% of the vote. Hence, I can say that overall minor political parties an important role within the American political system. They increase involvement of the general electorate in the political system and largely act as an outlet of atypical views. Javeria Masud 13 O 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    Many neopopulist leaders are almost compelled to commit corruption to maintain their grip on power; populist leaders require massive funds to maintain their political support among the disorganised masses, former Nicaraguan President Arnoldo Aleman diverting nearly $100m of state funds into his party's election campaign.

  2. Political parties and representation

    or bribery, resulting in great instability, especially in parliamentary (as opposed to presidential) systems. Hence, in practice, democratic political systems have adopted parties as the norm since the C19, with the widening of the franchise. Historically, parties set up national organisations, in GB and elsewhere, as a means of mobilising the mass vote, both for national and local elections.

  1. Russia - political past, present and future

    The House of Commons in the British Parliament do not have the authority to override the prime minister's decision and thus is significantly weaker than the Russian Duma. Unlike the British Parliament, which consists only of two parties, the Russian Duma consists of several parties that win elections.

  2. The American Civil War

    The Compromise was well thought out but existed only as a stop gap measure and merely served to delay what now appeared to be the inevitable. In fact, during the debate over the Compromise, sectional divisions were widened as the South was catalyzed into union.

  1. Philosophical Foundations of the American Political System

    The U.S. Constitution was produced, which embodied the federalist view of a stronger central government. Many ideas came from the likes and dislikes of the English Parliament.

  2. Is the Media an independent political actor?

    Since 1997 the Sun has generally supported Blair and Murdoch has regularly been seen making visits to Downing Street. Critics argue that Murdoch switched his support in exchange for agreed favours from Blair once in office, but a BBC article describes how since the Sun moved into the New Labour

  1. What is the role of political parties in a democratic political community?

    In the United Kingdom, committees made up of Members of Parliament exist to debate such issues as the royal family and its value for money but also to ensure that members of their political parties are not being corrupt and taking bribes.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    but Bogdanor says that the respective responsibilities of ministers and civil servants need to be reformulated. If there is to be genuine devolution, there must be a specific definition of the respective responsibilities of the minister and the chief executive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work