• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems did Italy face after the First World War?

Extracts from this document...


WAYLIN-TO What problems did Italy face after the First World War? Even though Italy had been victorious in the war it was called a 'mutilated victory', the government was faced with many new problems after World war one, or that the war widened existing social, political divisions and created more tension. One major problem Italy faced was the territorial settlement made at the Paris Peace conference and the Secret Treaty of London. Italy was promised Trentino, Trieste, Southern Tyrol, Istria, and Dalmatia, the coastal districts of Albania, a share in the division of the Ottoman Empire and of the German colonies in Africa. . Many Italians believed they would have big territorial gains when they entered the war, and they felt let down and angry when they were not given as much land as they were originally promised, Mussolini eventually took advantage of the anger and disillusionment of the returning soldiers and the lower middle class and he used it to rise to power. ...read more.


The problem of unemployment was worsened by the return of millions of ex-soldiers to Italy and the immigration law of the U.S. government, which restricted entry of immigrants. The war had also worsened political divisions, support towards the socialist party had risen dramatically from 50,000 in 1914 to 200,000 in 1919, in the first ever full male suffrage vote, the socialists won with more than a one-third of all votes followed by the Catholic popular party, supporters were mainly industrial workers. Encouraged by the Bolshevik revolution in Russia, unemployed workers stirred up riots and strikes and peasants started taking land from landowners and farming it for them. Landowners were appalled by the government's failure to halt the spread of revolution to the countryside, the government appeared to be doing nothing to meet the threat of socialist uprising, and instead Nitti's government was urging industrialists to make concessions to workers. The socialist party goal was to overthrow the liberal state by revolution, many middle class and industrials were disgusted and afraid of the rise of the socialists and it led to more political divide. ...read more.


Mussolini's rising to power is typical of how dictators rose to power during the inter-war period. This was by beating the government down through brutality and intimidation until it had no choice but to legally accept the imposed government. Before the war started, Italy already had problems. There was a north-south divide with the north more economically advanced and the poverty stricken south. There were low literacy rates and only 12% of the population spoke Italian. From 1870 liberals ruled -1915 Italy, for 20 years there was domestic peace and economic growth until the 1890s witnessed widespread popular protest. Other political parties, Catholicism, socialism and nationalism were challenging Liberalism. From 1914 the liberal parliament was faced with problems. The number of socialist MPs was growing. The government were reliant on the Catholics for electoral support and nationalists were putting pressure on them, to let Italy join the war, it was a time of great political division. I think the war widened these divisions and led to the fall of the liberal regime and the rise of the fascist dictatorship. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    the temporary solution that Irish home rule brought after 1921 hit the Liberals hard due to the loss of consistent support they had received from Irish Nationalists before 1921. Also the increasing irrelevance of core Liberal policies, to name a few; laissez faire governing, balanced budgets, free trade, disestablishment, temperance

  2. How far had the Liberal Governments of Italy gone to solve Italy's problems by ...

    Consequently, deprivation in the south became a disregarded issue. Those were the problems of Italy, but how far had the Liberal governments gone to solve them? In a bid to unite the Italian people under a common purpose Italy made bids for a colony in Africa, they fought the Ethiopians

  1. Apartheid in South Africa.

    Also photographs prove this. The fact that the government controlled the information that was submitted to the national or international media suggests that the government took advantage of that power and withheld or censored and only those who withheld or censored the information distributed amongst the newspapers knew what the information really meant.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Nationalists, including thousands of the soldiers who were just being demobilised, were also furious about how the Liberals had organised the war campaign and felt betrayed by the terms of the peace treaty - they argued that it was a 'mutilated victory', the result of weak Liberal negotiations.

  1. Explain why Mussolini and the fascist party came to power in 1922.

    They failed to organise themselves in the two red years where a revolution may have been possible. They also played into the lefts hands in 1922 where they made a general strike, which the fascists crushed. This made them look weak and so brought more voters to the seemingly strong and powerful fascism.

  2. The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870.

    Also with the lack of industry and raw materials, the navy could not grow in power. Italy wanted colonies to grow its empire and status but the only places that were available were countries such as Libya, Tunisia and Ethiopia.

  1. To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

    Improving education in Italy was also a step towards improving Italy economically, as future workers would be more skilled. The Liberal Government saw the Catholic Church as a problem. The Catholic Church had a great influence on Italy at the time.

  2. What were the problems facing the Italian state in 1919 deriving from World War ...

    and the poor performance of the liberal government at the peace treaties. People also felt aggrieved towards the government because of the social problems, which the war brought. For example long 75-hour weeks were being demanded and real wages fell approximately 25%.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work