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What were the problems facing the Italian state in 1919 deriving from World War One and Socialism and how greater challenge did these pose?

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Introduction

What were the problems facing the Italian state in 1919 deriving from World War One and Socialism and how greater challenge did these pose? There were problems in Italy from 1911 with regards to socialism as it had been operating and winning some votes in some parts of the country for years. However 1919 was really part of the two 'red years' in which a socialist revolution was at its most likely in Italy. The war also posed major problems for the government to tackle at the time and provided major economic and political problems for the government. It was also clear in this period of time that the socialists were and inherent problems as the dislike for each other (liberals and socialists) had been raging for many years. The end of World War One seemed to cause serious problems for the liberal state at the time in many areas; the Great War caused many economic, political, religious and social problems. For example with regards to the economic problems faced by the government, heavy industry was hit hard by the end of major war orders and it left many out of work. ...read more.

Middle

Overall the war left Italy in a dire situation with problems right across the board, which the government needed to deal with. Belief in them as very low at this time because of all of these problems and so socialist uprising looked more and more likely. The liberal regime was under attack from the left as the socialist uprising recently in Russia had inspired many socialists in Italy to try to gain support. Soldiers who had returned from the war took back land sometimes, which was unoccupied, but sometimes land was stolen from landowners. The government's inadequate display in dealing with this action caused landowners to fell angry and threatened towards the government and much support was lost. The socialists also inspired the growth of unions that increased in power and made the industrialists feel very threatened and worried. In 1919 and 1920 a wave of strikes were initiated in Agriculture and Industry. There was also considerable success for the PSI (the socialist party in Italy) as they won some seats in local elections and increased in power. ...read more.

Conclusion

This caused a lot of lost hope with the liberals amongst the elite, as they were worried that the state was not doing anything to help them and so the socialists were a threat to the liberals. However in conclusion I think that without doubt the problems that were caused by the First World War were undoubtedly the ones, which posed the greatest problems. I think this because although the socialists did pose major problems at the time with hindsight it is shown that the socialists were not organised enough to pose a real threat of a revolution, they failed to take their opportunities and all they succeeded in the end was to simply frighten the elite. However the Great War produced long-term larger problems such as inflation, unemployment and general unrest. These problems were also far harder to deal with and provided much unhappiness within the population for a variety of reasons such as the lack of territories gained in the 'mutilated victory. Overall this is which I feel that the Great War caused greater problems and posed a greater threat to the Liberal State than Socialism. ...read more.

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