• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the problems facing the Italian state in 1919 deriving from World War One and Socialism and how greater challenge did these pose?

Extracts from this document...


What were the problems facing the Italian state in 1919 deriving from World War One and Socialism and how greater challenge did these pose? There were problems in Italy from 1911 with regards to socialism as it had been operating and winning some votes in some parts of the country for years. However 1919 was really part of the two 'red years' in which a socialist revolution was at its most likely in Italy. The war also posed major problems for the government to tackle at the time and provided major economic and political problems for the government. It was also clear in this period of time that the socialists were and inherent problems as the dislike for each other (liberals and socialists) had been raging for many years. The end of World War One seemed to cause serious problems for the liberal state at the time in many areas; the Great War caused many economic, political, religious and social problems. For example with regards to the economic problems faced by the government, heavy industry was hit hard by the end of major war orders and it left many out of work. ...read more.


Overall the war left Italy in a dire situation with problems right across the board, which the government needed to deal with. Belief in them as very low at this time because of all of these problems and so socialist uprising looked more and more likely. The liberal regime was under attack from the left as the socialist uprising recently in Russia had inspired many socialists in Italy to try to gain support. Soldiers who had returned from the war took back land sometimes, which was unoccupied, but sometimes land was stolen from landowners. The government's inadequate display in dealing with this action caused landowners to fell angry and threatened towards the government and much support was lost. The socialists also inspired the growth of unions that increased in power and made the industrialists feel very threatened and worried. In 1919 and 1920 a wave of strikes were initiated in Agriculture and Industry. There was also considerable success for the PSI (the socialist party in Italy) as they won some seats in local elections and increased in power. ...read more.


This caused a lot of lost hope with the liberals amongst the elite, as they were worried that the state was not doing anything to help them and so the socialists were a threat to the liberals. However in conclusion I think that without doubt the problems that were caused by the First World War were undoubtedly the ones, which posed the greatest problems. I think this because although the socialists did pose major problems at the time with hindsight it is shown that the socialists were not organised enough to pose a real threat of a revolution, they failed to take their opportunities and all they succeeded in the end was to simply frighten the elite. However the Great War produced long-term larger problems such as inflation, unemployment and general unrest. These problems were also far harder to deal with and provided much unhappiness within the population for a variety of reasons such as the lack of territories gained in the 'mutilated victory. Overall this is which I feel that the Great War caused greater problems and posed a greater threat to the Liberal State than Socialism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How successful was Lord Liverpool in responding to radical challenge from 1812-1822?

    One of these was released soon after, whilst a second was discharged on compassionate grounds and a third died in custody. The remaining 34 had all been released by the time Habeas Corpus was fully restored in January 1818. As Norman Gash said 'It was not exactly a reign of terror'.

  2. What problems did Italy face after the First World War?

    he also had a secret police force called the black shirts, Mussolini used them to rise to power, their methods included bullying and intimidating political opponents into silence. The fascist rule was a totalitarian system demanding obedience and uniformity; it abolished all titles of nobility and suppressed all industries to be controlled by the government.

  1. The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870.

    These people were collectively known as 'Italia Irredenta'. By doing this it would make relations with their most immediate and most powerful neighbour, the Habsburg Empire, difficult. Another major problem was the Catholic Church. Before unification the Pope owned a vast amount of land in the middle of Italy.

  2. How effective were the social reforms of the Labour Government of 1945-1951 in dealing ...

    They were very more focused on replacing damaged and destroyed school buildings than tinkering with the education system. This appears to have been an oversight on their part because the bill didn't apply the ideals of equality of access and opportunity that influenced the Government's other legislation.

  1. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    realism...are in some danger of losing our ideals and of forgetting the power of a few fearless men may have in a world where the proportion of cowards and egoists is not small' 6 However, Garibaldi is sometimes criticised by Conservative historians like Cesare Cant� for his narrow thought processes and his fondness for military solution.

  2. Is Legalization a Realistic Alternative to the War on Marijuana?

    Alcohol causes 350,000 deaths from cirrhosis, and caffeine causes cardiac and nervous system disturbances. All three of these substances are more harmful than marijuana (110). Although there are plenty of anti-tobacco campaigns, "no one has suggested making the most addictive substance in our civilization illegal" (Nadelman 109).

  1. What were the main problems facing the new states of central Europein the interwar ...

    The greatly anticipated 'strong government' was introduced by Jozef Pilsudki a strongly anti-Semitic, nationalistic, and highly conservative leader who believed in the maintenance of the entrenched values of the middle and upper classes. Pilsudki enforced a coup d'etat in May 1926 in reaction to the weaknesses of the government, created under the constitution of 1921.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Consequently, the Socialists were now a powerful force against the Liberal Constitutional System. (Although the Socialists were not organised enough to mount a revolution many were against the Liberal system in principle and they had mass support). Support for radical/revolutionary socialism increased rapidly for a number of reasons: � Many

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work