• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Conservatives remain in power from 1951 to 1964?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Conservatives remain in power from 1951 to 1964? There are a number of reasons as to why the Conservatives were able to remain in power for over such a long period of time. Firstly, people were happy with the ways the Conservatives were running the country. Also at the time of Conservative rule, the Labour Government were not doing much to prove themselves to the country, instead they represented an unstable party who were dealing with rivalry and argumentative behavior amongst themselves. Another main reason was that at that period in history the general mood of the country was positive, people were happy with the changes made by the Conservatives and didn't feel change was necessary. Churchill's political outlook after he became Prime Minister, and that of the government as a whole, was cautious, conciliatory, and undogmatic. He had proclaimed in an election address in October 1951: 'what we need is a period of steady, stable administration ... a period of healing and revival'. In most ways Churchill was as good as his word. This meant that there was a general continuation of Labour's welfare and employment policies, and even its nationalisation programme, except for the de-nationalisation pledges already made. ...read more.

Middle

The bulk of houses constructed under the Macmillan regime still belonged to the public sector (and their standard was slightly lower than in Bevan's day); but the proportion of private houses built gradually increased during this period and throughout the fifties. This was helped by a relaxation of the licensing system and the controls over land, as well as by easier mortgage facilities. By the end of 1954 about 30 per cent of houses built were for private sale; by the end of the decade the figure was well over 50 per cent. It is true also that (by contrast with Labour's housing programme) it was the better of sections of the working class and the middle class, who gained most from the government's programme. This was a social trend that was bound to benefit the Conservative Party electorally. Housing was not the only branch of the social services where expansion took place after 1951. As Churchill pointed out: 'we have improved all the social services and we are spending more on them than any government at any time'. This was undoubtedly true. Expenditure on the social services under the Conservatives increased both in real terms and as a percentage of the total public spending. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Bevanites were not very successful in their aims, and Gaitskell won an overwhelming majority against Bevan and Morrison. It was felt that Morrison was to old for the post, and Bevan was mistrusted by most of his parliamentary colleagues. The power of Gaitskell into the party was also perhaps another reason for the loss of another election for Labour. As a party leader Hugh Gaitskell displayed all those characteristics, which had helped him to rise so swiftly within the labour Party hierarchy. Though respected, he lacked the flair and the magic, which surrounded politicians such as Churchill and Bevan. Gaitskell was essentially a man of government, with little relish and talent for the tasks of parliamentary opposition. The leader of the Conservative Government was the total opposite. Harold Macmillan dominated British politics during his years of power. Macmillan took over from Eden with Butler as his deputy. Macmillan's 'unflappability' became legendary. Macmillan was in fact intensely ambitious, purposeful, and professional politician. Macmillan's image as 'supermac' developed in this period as his election claim that, 'you've never had it so good' started to seem reasonable. His first priority was to rebuild the alliance with USA but he also visited Moscow in 1959. The United States helped Britain gain its own nuclear weapon. In return the US were granted unrestricted use of British bases. Bilkiss Bashir MR Carr ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did Labour lose the 1951 General Election?

    Extremely cold weather met with insufficient stockpiles of coal, and much industry ground to a halt as a result. Then, in the summer of 1947, problems arose with the US war loan to be paid to the British government, in the form of the 'convertibility clause'.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    The system is quite simple; rather than voting in a single-member constituency for a specific candidate, electors vote for a party in a multi-member constituency, or sometimes a whole country. Each party's list of candidates, ranked according to the party's preference, is published on the ballot paper.

  1. personal exercis programme

    The FITT principles make sure that the person, who is training, is not over worked and progresses well. They are designed to help the person, who is training, meet their minimum level of fitness. A person needs good cardiovascular fitness so that when they are exercising they can do so

  2. Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had ...

    Another Act also introduced by Labour was the Family Allowances Act of 1945. These Acts were the begging of the reformation of the Welfare state. At the time Labour came to power, plans for the National Insurance were further advanced than those for the National Health Service.

  1. "The unpopularity of their policies was the most important reason why the conservatives were ...

    unity as demonstrated by the repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846. The repeal of the Corn Laws seemed to be an essential Parliamentary action in 1846 to all but the Rump Tories. These protectionists Conservatives led by Bentink and Disraeli opposed the rest of their party (hereby named the Peelites).

  2. Prospects for India's development

    At the federal level, the government passed legislation that permits privatization to occur at the state level. * Telecommunications: Private basic telephony operators introduced service in the Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra regions. Private cellular operators offer service throughout most of the urban areas country.

  1. Account for the revival and fall of the KKK

    It is hard to get a more accurate estimate, because most Klansmen kept their identities hidden so they couldn't be put on trial for crimes that they committed. The majority of Klansmen lived in small communities of no more than 100,000, which meant they could dominate local politics and elect people they wanted into power.

  2. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    domestic and foreign and such government functions as the army and police, and a variety of services throughout Burma. However, they were a minority of the official community and if Burma was to pay for itself, it was essential that lower salaried officials could be Indians.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work