• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Conservatives remain in power from 1951 to 1964?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Conservatives remain in power from 1951 to 1964? There are a number of reasons as to why the Conservatives were able to remain in power for over such a long period of time. Firstly, people were happy with the ways the Conservatives were running the country. Also at the time of Conservative rule, the Labour Government were not doing much to prove themselves to the country, instead they represented an unstable party who were dealing with rivalry and argumentative behavior amongst themselves. Another main reason was that at that period in history the general mood of the country was positive, people were happy with the changes made by the Conservatives and didn't feel change was necessary. Churchill's political outlook after he became Prime Minister, and that of the government as a whole, was cautious, conciliatory, and undogmatic. He had proclaimed in an election address in October 1951: 'what we need is a period of steady, stable administration ... a period of healing and revival'. In most ways Churchill was as good as his word. This meant that there was a general continuation of Labour's welfare and employment policies, and even its nationalisation programme, except for the de-nationalisation pledges already made. ...read more.


The bulk of houses constructed under the Macmillan regime still belonged to the public sector (and their standard was slightly lower than in Bevan's day); but the proportion of private houses built gradually increased during this period and throughout the fifties. This was helped by a relaxation of the licensing system and the controls over land, as well as by easier mortgage facilities. By the end of 1954 about 30 per cent of houses built were for private sale; by the end of the decade the figure was well over 50 per cent. It is true also that (by contrast with Labour's housing programme) it was the better of sections of the working class and the middle class, who gained most from the government's programme. This was a social trend that was bound to benefit the Conservative Party electorally. Housing was not the only branch of the social services where expansion took place after 1951. As Churchill pointed out: 'we have improved all the social services and we are spending more on them than any government at any time'. This was undoubtedly true. Expenditure on the social services under the Conservatives increased both in real terms and as a percentage of the total public spending. ...read more.


The Bevanites were not very successful in their aims, and Gaitskell won an overwhelming majority against Bevan and Morrison. It was felt that Morrison was to old for the post, and Bevan was mistrusted by most of his parliamentary colleagues. The power of Gaitskell into the party was also perhaps another reason for the loss of another election for Labour. As a party leader Hugh Gaitskell displayed all those characteristics, which had helped him to rise so swiftly within the labour Party hierarchy. Though respected, he lacked the flair and the magic, which surrounded politicians such as Churchill and Bevan. Gaitskell was essentially a man of government, with little relish and talent for the tasks of parliamentary opposition. The leader of the Conservative Government was the total opposite. Harold Macmillan dominated British politics during his years of power. Macmillan took over from Eden with Butler as his deputy. Macmillan's 'unflappability' became legendary. Macmillan was in fact intensely ambitious, purposeful, and professional politician. Macmillan's image as 'supermac' developed in this period as his election claim that, 'you've never had it so good' started to seem reasonable. His first priority was to rebuild the alliance with USA but he also visited Moscow in 1959. The United States helped Britain gain its own nuclear weapon. In return the US were granted unrestricted use of British bases. Bilkiss Bashir MR Carr ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did Labour lose the 1951 General Election?

    Extremely cold weather met with insufficient stockpiles of coal, and much industry ground to a halt as a result. Then, in the summer of 1947, problems arose with the US war loan to be paid to the British government, in the form of the 'convertibility clause'.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    STV could cause internal party rifts In most cases, party solidarity and loyalty will inhibit individualistic campaigning, and even if this were to happen, a party could exclude a future ticket to a recalcitrant candidate. There is intra-party competition in every election system.

  1. Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had ...

    The new insurance proposals were specifically the outcome of the Beveridge plan, the outline for unification. The first plan as already stated was that there would be a weekly pay into the insurance scheme. A second plan for insurance was for providing compulsory insurance against disablement as a result of industrial accident.

  2. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    The Crimean War The first major Ottoman war, the Crimean War (1854-1856), came with Russia. Like so many of the later conflicts with Europe, the Ottomans didn't start this one, instead by the Russians. Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, Russia had slowly been annexing Muslim states in central Asia.

  1. personal exercis programme

    If the athlete is training for a competition then the type of exercise will be skill related, or specific, to the event. If the person is training for general fitness then the types of exercise may be a preference, as the individual may be working to enhance specific aspects of general fitness; such as cardiovascular fitness and muscular endurance.

  2. "The unpopularity of their policies was the most important reason why the conservatives were ...

    It may be that even the Conservatives themselves were unconvinced. Since they could not win sufficient seats, they were unable to form a stable government capable of overcoming Liberal opposition. The Conservative Party was not united in policy and was not prepared to stifle their opposition in the interests of

  1. Prospects for India's development

    By trying to impose the hiring of apprentices through more regulation, the government solely creates additional costs for firms to do business in India. On the other hand the emphasis on funding institutions with alternative curricula such as professional degrees would be a reasonable action to be taken.

  2. Account for the revival and fall of the KKK

    It is hard to get a more accurate estimate, because most Klansmen kept their identities hidden so they couldn't be put on trial for crimes that they committed. The majority of Klansmen lived in small communities of no more than 100,000, which meant they could dominate local politics and elect people they wanted into power.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work