• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Liberal government introduce reforms between 1906 and 1912?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Liberal government introduce reforms between 1906 and 1912? Between 1906 and 1912 the Liberal party introduced welfare reforms in Britain to improve the living and working conditions for the public. They targeted in particular children, the elderly, the unemployed and workers and, although they were generally successful, they caused much controversy. One of the reforms was the National Insurance Act of 1911 which was split into two main areas regarding health insurance and an unemployment benefit. For workers earning under �160 per annun it was compulsory that they had to join. They had to pay out 4d of their weekly wages which earned then a stamp, their employer and the government added more and as a result they worker got up to 26 weeks sick pay plus they also got free medical care (although this didn't include their families). This was the health insurance. The other part of the act dealt with unemployment. The worker had to give further money along with their employer and the government and this meant that during times of unemployment thy would ...read more.

Middle

In his books Booth suggested ways to fix the problems such as the introduction of the Old Age Pensions Act. He thought that if the government didn't do anything then Britain could suffer from a socialist revolution. In 1901, Seebohm Rowntree published Poverty, A Study of Town Life. It gave details of the studies he had done in York on poverty, the reasons for it and the results he obtained. He split families suffering from poverty into two different groups, primary and secondary. Families suffering from primary poverty didn't earn enough wages to supply themselves with simple necessities whereas families suffering from secondary poverty earned enough wages to live on but instead wasted them on things like alcohol or cigarettes. Other factors causing poverty were things such as the death of a wage earner, large families and old age and illness, as they couldn't work. These studies showed that poverty in Britain wasn't due to idleness and a lack of education as previously thought, a majority of the people in poverty hadn't reached it though any fault of their own. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lloyd George thought this could be the main contributor to their recent industrial rises and went about bringing in reforms to create a similar workforce in Britain and in the hope that they would again be a leading industrial power. As I have said there were many reasons for the Liberal reforms but one of the main reasons was both competition with and how they were viewed by other countries. Things like the workforce in Britain and the situation they found themselves in during the Boer War don't put out a good message to other countries around the world and, being a leading power, they needed to be healthy, happy and efficient. The results from the studies of Rowntree and Booth showed that poverty was a huge problem and the government had to do something to change this, not neglect it or blame the people themselves as they had previously done. The way to achieve these changes was introduce reforms that would deal with a wide span of the British population. Reforms such as the Old Age Pensions Act and the Children and Young Persons Act were introduced in the years leading up to the First World War. Jess Wills ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    it was the labour parties first debate to push through old age pensions), but from the co operative movement, the TUC, the Fabians along side the friendly societies and the Charity Organisation Society, both of whom had previously opposed to the idea.11 Although aims in the act may have been

  2. "Did the Liberal Government of 1906-14 create the early Welfare State?"

    This case determined that trade unions could be sued for damages in the event of strike action. The Education Act and the Licensing Act also cost the Conservatives votes. Another issue that the Tories failed take appropriate action in was the practice of shipping Chinese labourers into British owed parts of South Africa as cheap labour.

  1. "Why did the Conservative government lose so much support by 1906?"

    The 'non-conformists' and middle classes were upset at this because it was seen as 'immoral practices'. The slaves were treated badly and they were all men, this resulted in them turning to other men for sexual gratification because they were away from there wives for so long.

  2. Why did the Liberal government introduce a program of social reforms in 1906?

    He also said that poverty, sickness, old age, unemployment, large families and low wages where the reasons people were poor and they could do nothing about it. Rowntree's findings were more or less the same as Booth even though London was a much bigger city than York.

  1. Why did the liberal government (1906-1912) decide to fight poverty? Source based work.

    He shows us that children, women who begin giving birth and elderly people were the people who found themselves below the poverty line. In my opinion I don't think one source is more reliable than the other. I think source C is more objective because Rowntree has a collected data

  2. Access the main reasons for the Liberal Victory of 1906 (45)

    Following this split in the Liberal party, the Conservatives won more seats than any other party in all elections held between 1886 and 1906. As had the Home Rule Bill declined support for the Liberals, the war did similarly for the Conservatives.

  1. An Introduction to a Liberal-Democratic Government

    (Weir & Beetham 1997.) Institutional Features of a Democratic Government The features of a liberal democratic government are very important because they help us classify between the different types of governments in power around the world. Through my reading I think that it is fair to say that there are

  2. Do you agree that the Liberal Reforms were nothing more than an Electioneering Tactic?

    Another reason that the Liberals realised that the country needed social reforms was during the Boer war, which took part between 1899 and 1902, of the total percent of men who tried to sign up, 70% were considered malnourished and sent back.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work