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Why was the government so repressive in the years 1921 to 1929?

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Introduction

B) Why was the government so repressive in the years 1921 to 1929? There are a number of reasons why the Communist government was so repressive during the years 1921 to 1929. The Communist government was mainly very repressive so that it did not have to deal with any opposition or other independent organisations. It was repressive due to the problems that the government had had to face in the past, which they did not want a repeat performance of in the future e.g., the Russian Civil War. The government's aim was to have a one-party state in which they would have total control, so during the periods of 1921 to 1929 their aim was to totally eliminate any persons, parties or things which could obstruct their total control. Other than these reasons that have been stated there were many other reasons why the Bolsheviks were so repressive. ...read more.

Middle

The Bolsheviks won the Civil War but began to repress the country of Russia so that another Civil War would be unable to emerge in the future and allow them to solely be in power. The aim was to repress political parties like before so that the Communist government would be unable to face opposition as there would be none. The Communist Government also saw independent parties and organisations as a threat. E.g. the Proletukult - an offshoot of the factory committees - which by 1917 had 0.4m members and was outside of Communist Party control and was seen to be encouraging bourgeois ideas. The Bolsheviks were also repressive because of rival socialist parties such as the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries. These two parties had become more popular during the strikes and revolts and had played some help in encouraging Russian people to go against the Bolshevik party, this made sure that the Bolsheviks were not the sole Party in Russia. ...read more.

Conclusion

The USSR needed an industrial base to build up armaments and so introduced the Five-Year plan, which repressed Russian Society even more as individuals, especially peasants were unable to privately own land. They had to do what the government told them to do otherwise they ran the risk of losing their lives. These repressive measures ensured the Bolsheviks that industrialisation could start. In conclusion there are a number of reasons why the Communist party was so repressive between 1921 and 1929, however, most reasons led up to the fact that the Communists wanted a one party state where the leading Bolsheviks made all the decisions. They did not want to have to compete with other political parties or the Church; they wanted to run the country by themselves. They were repressive in a number of ways e.g. censorship, a ban of factionalism, show trials and the establishment of the GPU. The reign of repression and terror allowed the leaders of Russia to implement their Communist ideas with little objection from others. Michelle Chasey ...read more.

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