• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the government so repressive in the years 1921 to 1929?

Extracts from this document...


B) Why was the government so repressive in the years 1921 to 1929? There are a number of reasons why the Communist government was so repressive during the years 1921 to 1929. The Communist government was mainly very repressive so that it did not have to deal with any opposition or other independent organisations. It was repressive due to the problems that the government had had to face in the past, which they did not want a repeat performance of in the future e.g., the Russian Civil War. The government's aim was to have a one-party state in which they would have total control, so during the periods of 1921 to 1929 their aim was to totally eliminate any persons, parties or things which could obstruct their total control. Other than these reasons that have been stated there were many other reasons why the Bolsheviks were so repressive. ...read more.


The Bolsheviks won the Civil War but began to repress the country of Russia so that another Civil War would be unable to emerge in the future and allow them to solely be in power. The aim was to repress political parties like before so that the Communist government would be unable to face opposition as there would be none. The Communist Government also saw independent parties and organisations as a threat. E.g. the Proletukult - an offshoot of the factory committees - which by 1917 had 0.4m members and was outside of Communist Party control and was seen to be encouraging bourgeois ideas. The Bolsheviks were also repressive because of rival socialist parties such as the Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries. These two parties had become more popular during the strikes and revolts and had played some help in encouraging Russian people to go against the Bolshevik party, this made sure that the Bolsheviks were not the sole Party in Russia. ...read more.


The USSR needed an industrial base to build up armaments and so introduced the Five-Year plan, which repressed Russian Society even more as individuals, especially peasants were unable to privately own land. They had to do what the government told them to do otherwise they ran the risk of losing their lives. These repressive measures ensured the Bolsheviks that industrialisation could start. In conclusion there are a number of reasons why the Communist party was so repressive between 1921 and 1929, however, most reasons led up to the fact that the Communists wanted a one party state where the leading Bolsheviks made all the decisions. They did not want to have to compete with other political parties or the Church; they wanted to run the country by themselves. They were repressive in a number of ways e.g. censorship, a ban of factionalism, show trials and the establishment of the GPU. The reign of repression and terror allowed the leaders of Russia to implement their Communist ideas with little objection from others. Michelle Chasey ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The Provisional Government relied on the emotional support of the peasants, yet it was unable to solve any of the economic and social problems plaguing the peasants. The Provisional Government also sought to maintain the power of the bourgeoisie over the peasants, and therefore did not have much support in the peasant classes.

  2. When is government interference with an individual's freedom justified?

    One of the criticisms of Berlin's essay has been that, although it defines two different perceptions about freedom, it fails to clarify the root of the disagreement between those two alternate concepts of liberty. In order to clarify the debate over positive and negative freedom MacCallum 1972 tried to focus

  1. Explain why Lenin and the Bolsheviks replaced the Provisional Government as leaders of Russia ...

    To begin with, however, the Dual Power system seemed to work well. This was because the people of Russia seemed to get what they wanted: Political prisoners were set free, the Tsarist Police were abolished, and for the first time freedom of speech was introduced to Russia.

  2. Why were there two Revolutions in Russia in 1917? Why did the Bolsheviks ...

    The government was pushed to ruins within a few short months. Again the Tsar was being blamed for this, even though it was out of control. Many of the Russian public despised the Tsarina, due to the fact that she was German born.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work