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Birth Order

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Running head: Birth Order Study Birth Order Team Red Grand Canyon University Shawana Allen October 12, 2008 Abstract Although many believed for many years that birth order affects personality, the evidence has been contradictory. Most individuals have a dominant birth order personality that matches their birth position however, that personality is influenced by variables such as temperament, gender and other family circumstances. Thus, if birth order does systematically affect personality, firstborns, middle child or lastborns would definitely have personalities that is easy to predict and peculiar to that birth order. We all know or have seen where birth order has no effect on an individual's personality. Sometimes birth order roles are reversed or nonexistent depending on the family as well as the society in which the person grows up in. Parental Styles In order to understand birth order and its relationship to parental styles, one must understand what each style entails. ...read more.


In addition to this they also use a reward and praise system, which in turn produces a child that may be more self-controlled. The Authoritarian parent shows little emotion and tends to be highly controlling. These parents also tend to be strict disciplinarians that do not engage their children in discussions. Also, these parents have the "because I said so" mentality which makes it more of a dictatorship. In addition to all of this parents who fall into this category expect their children to follow the rules closely and at all times. Their form of discipline may cause the child to conform but the children tend to be resentful. The next style is permissive, in which are parents who are not demanding and they tend to give in to the child's wants as if the child is in charge. Permissive parents want to be liked by their children; their form of discipline generally has no limits or boundaries, basically the child makes their own decisions. ...read more.


Two of the authoritative parents had neglectful parents and three had permissive parents. The majority of parents, in this study, are authoritative due to on how their parents treated them. They all seemed to want their children to have both better communications with them as well as better decision making skills. Birth order in this study did not seem to have an effect on parenting style. Our results seem to show more of a pattern with parents that did not have authoritative parents. Out of ten subjects four were first born. All four are authoritative parents. Three of the subjects were in the middle born birth order and only two of those three are authoritative. One of them is permissive and her parents were authoritarian. The two subjects that were born last both have authoritative parenting styles. One of them has an authoritative parent and the other and authoritarian parent. This is the only parent who has an authoritative parent and is also an authoritative parent. Spread Sheet Results See attachment. ...read more.

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Response to the question

This is a coursework piece that investigates how Birth Order affects personality. The focus here is somewhat skewed, because after what appears to be a promising introduction and analysis of research that supports or refutes the theory that birth order ...

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Response to the question

This is a coursework piece that investigates how Birth Order affects personality. The focus here is somewhat skewed, because after what appears to be a promising introduction and analysis of research that supports or refutes the theory that birth order affects personality, the candidate then wanders off into talking about how parenting styles affect personality. A lot of what is said is perfectly sound analysis (though a better use of psychological research as evidence wouldn't go amiss), but the main quandary I have with this answer is that it simply does not answer the question it set out to answer. Because of this, their has been a neglect to concentrate on the question and whilst external theories such as the parenting styles affecting personality development are almost synonymous with birth order and therefore is a good supporting analysis point, it is not acceptable to completely abandon the original question's focus.

Level of analysis

The Level of Analysis shown is fair, though in almost all cases it is not directed at the right theory. This answer is more of a description of the theories and the studies that were influenced by them; there doesn't appear to be any sound evaluation of the theories or the studies themselves. An evaluation would consist of strengths and weaknesses of theories/studies; pointing out the consistency errors in theories and/or commenting on how the studies have contributed to modern psychology, though the extent to which this candidate has achieved this is limited. In the future, it may prove a good idea to study something like how well the sample used in studies like Baumrind's reflect the target population, or whether she was aiming to prove her own theories and may have introduced researcher bias into the results, which are subjective anyway because it was an observation. This is the level of analysis that is required; description is not enough to get much higher than a high D grade.

Quality of writing

The Quality of Written Communication is good, though there are some moments when colloquialisms are used and shouldn't be. Phrases like "[parents] are more into themselves" are not good uses of English and the candidate would do well to stick to the standard grammatical requirements.

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Reviewed by sydneyhopcroft 22/03/2012

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