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Abortion is termination of pregnancy before birth, resulting in, or accompanied by, the death of the fetus.

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Introduction

Abortion is termination of pregnancy before birth, resulting in, or accompanied by, the death of the fetus. Some abortions occur naturally because a fetus does not develop normally or because the mother has an injury or disorder that prevents her from carrying the pregnancy to term. This type of spontaneous abortion is commonly known as a miscarriage. Other abortions are induced-that is, intentionally brought on; because a pregnancy is unwanted or presents a risk to a woman's health. Abortion Methods Induced abortions are performed using one of several methods. The safest and most appropriate method is determined by the age of the fetus, or the length of pregnancy, which is calculated from the beginning of the pregnant woman's last menstrual period. ...read more.

Middle

A variety of drug-based abortion methods may be carried out under a physician's supervision. In a method commonly referred to as the morning-after pill, a woman is given large doses of estrogen a female hormone within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse and again 12 hours later. This high dose halts fetal development at the earliest stages after conception, or the point when a man's sperm fertilizes a woman's egg. Typical side effects of the morning-after pill may include nausea, headache, dizziness, breast tenderness, and fluid retention. Within the first seven weeks of pregnancy, a combination of two drugs can be given in pill form to abort a fetus. ...read more.

Conclusion

In two procedures known as preemptive abortion and early uterine evacuation, a narrow tube called a canola is inserted through the cervix (the opening to the uterus) into the uterus. The canola is attached to a suction device, such as a syringe, and the contents of the uterus, including the fetus, are extracted. Preemptive abortion uses a smaller canola and is performed in the first four to six weeks of pregnancy; early uterine evacuation, which uses a slightly larger canola, is performed in the first six to eight weeks of pregnancy. Both types of abortions typically require no anesthesia and can be performed in a clinic or physician's office. The entire procedure lasts for only several minutes. In preemptive abortions the most common complication is infection. Women who undergo early uterine evacuation may experience heavy bleeding for the first few days after the procedure. ...read more.

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