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Abortion - What is meant by the word abortion?

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Introduction

foyzur GCSE R.E COURSEWORK - ABORTION Ai) What is meant by the word abortion? The word abortion literally means "any death of a baby in the womb and it's expulsion from the mothers body." In simple terms the ending of a pregnancy. Abortion comes from the Latin word 'aboriri' meaning 'to fail to be born' There are 2 types of abortion a natural abortion (miscarriage) and a procured abortion. Natural abortion (miscarriage) means that the abortion happens in of own accord. This can be very upsetting for couples who want the baby. Many miscarriages happen very early in the pregnancy and the woman would not have been aware of it. When people normally talk about abortion they are talking about a procured abortion. This is when the foetus (or growing child) is deliberately killed and taken out of the mothers womb.(because of how unpleasant it is many talk about it as a "termination"). Aii) What biblical and church teachings might be used in a discussion about abortion? Unfortunately for Christians there are no direct teachings in the bible telling them what exactly to do in an abortion situation. Conveniently they can refer to many verses on the sanctity of life which would act as a framework for their decision. Sanctity of life teaches Christians that life is very special as it is a gift from God, what could be better than a gift from God. There are many strong points from the bible that a Christian can use in a discussion for + against abortion. ...read more.

Middle

The other being having an abortion which is killing an innocent foetus which has done nothing wrong to have it's life just taken away. Another concept is the 'Principle of Double Effect' - first put forward by Thomas Aquinas in the 14th Century. The principle is saying that the action involved has a double effect and the intention of the action is what is all important. The theory states that there must not be evil intended in the action and the action must be good. and the evil effect must be directly related to the good effect.. A good example of double effect is a situation where a pregnant woman is diagnosed as having cancer of the uterus. The cancer will kill both the mother and foetus if no action is taken so the mother must resort to having the operation which may save her, but having the operation will kill the foetus. So she is not killing the foetus on purpose (not being evil) and trying to save herself (good intention). Mother Teresa is very well known for her beliefs and the way she put them into action. She cared for all unwanted babies, she picked them up on doorsteps bins rubbish dumps and gave them a home. She told people if they don't want their baby she would look after them. A famous quote of hers is 'if you do make a mistake, don't destroy the life because also to that child God says: I have called you by my name; I have carved you in the palm of my hand.' ...read more.

Conclusion

I am not sure what the Methodists will think about this situation. Conclusion 'Abortion is never justified'. Do you agree? This is a very difficult question as one must think seriously and thoroughly about it. At times one may think that abortion is justified e.g. like when a young adolescent child is raped and ends up pregnant, but on the other side one will say it is wrong to kill the innocent foetus who has done no wrong. On the whole, I do not agree with the quote. This is because I do believe there are times when abortion should be permitted. In cases where the mother's life is endangered, where the foetus will be born with severe abnormalities, rape incest etc I do believe abortion is justified these are serious, unfortunate cases where the mother is not at fault. I believe the Methodists and the Church of England would not agree that 'Abortion is never justified'. Both churches allow abortion in many different situations like rape, incest mother having uterus cancer etc. This shows that they do believe in many cases abortion is justified. The Roman Catholics are likely to agree that 'Abortion is never justified'. This is because it is extremely rare to see a Roman Catholic Church allow abortion, whatever the case. Even though they may allow abortion when the mother has uterus cancer you are highly unlikely to see them allow any other case. So overall a good amount of Christians will agree and a many will not agree with this question. ...read more.

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