• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that deprivation is the main reason for the growth or new religious movements.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the view that deprivation is the main reason for the growth or new religious movements. Membership of established mainstream churches has dropped dramatically. However affiliation with other religious organisations (including penticostal, Seventh-Day Adventists and Christian sects) has risen just as noticeably. It is estimated that there may now be as many as 25,000 new religious groups n Europe alone. In attempting to classify new religious movements, Wallis identified three main kinds of NRM. World rejecting, world affirming, and world accommodating. World affirming groups are usually individualistic, life-positive and aim to release human potentials. They tend to accept the world as it is, but involves techniques, which enable the individual to participate more effectively and gain more from their worldly experience. Research suggests that these are more common amongst middle-aged, middle class groups- often disillusioned and disenchanted with material values and in search of new positive meanings. World affirming sects appeal to those who are likely to have finished education, are married, have children and have a mortgage. ...read more.

Middle

Being unattached is an outcome of the increasing gap between childhood and adulthood which as Willis has argued, has been further extended by the gradual lengthening of education and wider accessibility of higher education. It is to these unattached groups that world-rejecting movements appeal. They try to provide some certainty to a community of people who face similar problems and difficulties. What seems to be particularly appealing is the offer of radical and immediate solutions to social and personal problems. Barker, in her famous study 'the making of a moonie', found that most members came from happy and secure middle class homes with parents whose jobs involved some sort of commitment to public service such as doctors, social workers or teachers. She argued that the sect offered a surrogate family in which members could find support and comfort beyond the family, whilst fulfilling their desire to serve a community, in the same way as their parents did in the wider society. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the absence of either grand narrative, (religion or science), people seek to acquire a personal rationale for existence. This can involve a process of 'spiritualshopping', trying out the various alternatives until they find a belief system that makes sense to them. However some people would argue that this is still deprivation, as people are deprived of a reason for existence and so turn to NRMs for the answer. Deprivation such as a lack of prestige or housing can be defined as relative. This is where the persons expectations are not fulfilled to a position they feel they deserve. People may be attracted to an NRM because it offers something lacking in their spiritual or emotional fulfilment. Members may gain self-respect and a sense of community. In light of the evidence above almost all of the factors lean in agreement with the view that people join NRMs because they feel deprived of something in their life that they believe can be fulfilled from an NRM, whether it be a sense of community, self worth or even a reason for existence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Religion in the Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Religion in the Media essays

  1. Discuss the merits of theories of secularisation with regard to religion in modern Britain

    Politically, the Church has been relegated to the role of a pressure group - occasionally consulted by governments in relation to matters that are seen to be strictly religious, but no-longer at the heart of government. In this respect, we might analyse the Church's involvement in secular societies by looking at this "loss of functions" argument as evidence of secularisation...

  2. Assess the sociological for / against view of secularisation occurring.

    In England and Wales the figures dropped to 35 per cent by the turn of the century and 20 per cent in 1950. Attendance at special Christian ceremonies such as baptisms and marriages has also declined. In 1900, 65 per cent of children born alive in England were baptised.

  1. Is There A Decline In Religion...In Today's Society?

    scientifically and objectively than qualitative data * Quantitative data is more reliable-each individual respondent answers the same questions in the same order, they are responding to the same stimuli. Differences in response should reflect real differences between respondents. * It can be used to test hypotheses and theories (e.g.: Crewe

  2. Constructions of violence and recovery of alternatives: Partition and memory in the Indian subcontinent.

    The Muslims in the rest of Gurdaspur who had felt quite safe in that their District had been declared part of Pakistan on August 14, 1947, now found themselves on the wrong side side of the border. This situation precipitated mass migration across the River Ravi that became the new border between Tehsil Shakargarh and the rest of District Gurdaspur.

  1. "Assess the view that religious language is meaningless."

    be backed up by Ayer's weak verification - that if something could conceivably happen in the future then the statement is still meaningful, even if it turns out not to be actually true.

  2. Discuss the merits of theories of secularisation with regard to religion in modern Britain

    Anglicans have twice as many priests and four times more Churches, which may seem why Anglican Churches seem emptier than Catholic ones. Amongst smaller denominations the picture is patchier, with some showing a decline but others showing an increase. However most denominations are statistical small that any small alterations tend

  1. Religion is simply a brain-washing control device to make individuals behave in the way ...

    which is a closed question and the graph below shows the response: We can see from this that although 12 out of the 30 people asked claimed they do have some religious beliefs, the majority said 'no'. I had stated in my rationale that I would have liked as even

  2. Televisions representation of religious people.

    There was also the viewpoint of Ricky Butcher, Janine's sister who was absolutely disgusted with her actions and left Walford with his child as he could not trust Janine near his child. However, Janine was actually pleased by her actions and showed no signs of guilt, in a sick and twisted way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work